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Copy of the northern mountains

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Northern Mountains

Northern Mountains

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  • 1. The Northern Mountains
  • 2. Himalayas The mountain range covering north and north eastern part of our country is called the Himalayas The Himalaya is the highest mountain range in the world
  • 3. Extension ofHimalaya is2500 kms.
  • 4. Meaning of the word HimalayaThe word ‘Himalaya’ in Sanskrit means Abode of Snow
  • 5. Mountain Peaks Out of the 10 highest mountain peaks in the world nine peaks are in Himalayan Range Which is the highest mountain peak in the world?
  • 6. Mount Everest
  • 7. Highest peaks in Himalaya Mt Everest 8848 m height
  • 8. Mt. K2 ( Mt. Godwin Austin) 8611 m. height
  • 9. Kangchenjunga, 8586 m
  • 10. Lhotse,8516 m
  • 11. Makalu,8485 m
  • 12. Cho Oyo,8201 m
  • 13. Dhaulagiri, 8167 m
  • 14. Manaslu,8163 m
  • 15. Nanga Parbat, 8126 m
  • 16. Annapurna, 8091 m
  • 17. Divisions of the Himalayas The Himalaya has 3 mountain ranges The Himadri ( Greater Himalaya) The Himachal ( Middle Himalaya) The Shiwalik ( Outer Himalaya)
  • 18. In which range of Himalaya Mt. Everest is situated?
  • 19. The Himadri (Greater Himalaya) Himadri ( Greater Himalayas)•Northern most range ofHimalaya•Highest of the three ranges•It contains all the highestpeaks•It is extremely cold
  • 20. Life in Himadri Trees such as fir, spruce, shrubs and some wild flowers grow in the lower regions of the Himadri Only a few valley have human settlements
  • 21. How do these rivers were formed? 1st they arise from the moving sheets of the ice called Glaciers As the glaciers move down to warmer regions, the ice melts, giving rise to rivers
  • 22. From which glacier the river Ganga is originating?
  • 23. Gangotri
  • 24. Adventurers who climbed the Himadri Tenzing Norgay of IndiaEdmund Hillari of New zealand Were the first to climb Mt. Everest in 1953
  • 25. Tenzing Norgay
  • 26. Edmund Hillari
  • 27. Who was the first Indianwoman to climb Mt. Everest?
  • 28. Bachendri Pal in 1984
  • 29. The Himachal or Middle Himalaya•Lies south of Himadri•The mountains are not ashigh as in Himadri•Only some peaks are snowbounded throughout the year•There so many beautiful valleys inthe region
  • 30. Hill towns in Himachal Mussoorie Shimla Dargiling Nainital Kangra
  • 31. Mussorie
  • 32. Shimla
  • 33. Darijiling
  • 34. Nainital
  • 35. Kangra
  • 36.  People living in plains go to these hill stations during summer season
  • 37. Himachal forestHimachal Rangehas forests coveredwith pine
  • 38. oak
  • 39. Deodar and fir tees
  • 40. e The climate of Himachal is ideal for the growth of fruits such as apple, cherries, pears, plums, apricots and peaches Rice, maize and barely are the main crops Potato is widely grown
  • 41. Farmers practice terrace farming or step farming here
  • 42. The Shiwalik or Outer Himalaya Southern most or lowest range of Himalaya The slopes are covered with thick forests Rice and wheat are the main crops grown in terrace farms fruit trees are grown in orchards
  • 43. Terai region The area at the foothills of the Shiwalik range is called the Terai region It receives heavy rain fall and the land is fertile Rice, wheat and sugar cane are the main crops over here
  • 44. Deforestation Because of the deforestation in shiwalik and terai region many forests has destroyed
  • 45. Actions made by the govt. against Deforestation The govt. has made several protected forest areas such as The Corbett National Park Kaziranga National Parkto stop deforestation and protect animalsPlanting of trees is also being taken up
  • 46. Mountain passes