Digital Media Activism by Sharhad Haneef


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Digital Media Activism by Sharhad Haneef

  1. 1. Digital media activism Sharhad haneef
  2. 2. Internet activism <ul><li>Internet activism is the use of communication technologies such as e-mail, web sites, and podcasts for various forms of activism to enable faster communications by citizen movements and deliver a message to a large audience </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cyberactivists <ul><li>Internet activists are also called Cyberactivists </li></ul><ul><li>They use CMC to promote human rights, animal rights, environmental issues and the rights of marginalized communities </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>organize people around these issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>try to create social change </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Key resource <ul><li>The Internet is a key resource for independent activists or e-activists </li></ul><ul><li>Especially when a serious violation of human rights occurs, the Internet is essential in reporting this to the outside world </li></ul><ul><li>Listservs like BurmaNet and China News Digest help distribute news that would otherwise be inaccessible in these countries </li></ul>
  5. 5. Usage of Internet Activism 1/3 <ul><li>Fundraising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups like MoveOn and Care2 have successfully used the Internet to raise funds and push their causes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-petitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet activists also pass on e-petitions to be emailed to the government and organizations to protest against many issues from the arms trade to animal testing </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Usage of Internet Activism 2/3 <ul><li>Lobbying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbying is also made easier via the internet, thanks to mass e-mail and the ability to broadcast a message widely at little cost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Volunteering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activists themselves may not realize that they are “volunteering,” even though they are contacting voters for a candidate, or acting with encouragement from a campaign </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Usage of Internet Activism 3/3 <ul><li>Community building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community building is the creation of a group of individuals within a regional area (such as a neighbourhood) or with a common interest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To organize activities which take place solely online, solely offline but organized online or a combination of online and offline </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. characteristics <ul><li>Sustainable(grass root level , low cost) </li></ul><ul><li>Effective(long term stratergy,appropriate technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Reproducible(other activists,other country other issue) </li></ul>
  9. 9. challenges <ul><li>Connecting online and offline </li></ul><ul><li>Elitism and inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Hype and transience </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example of digital activism <ul><li>egypt and tunisian revolution were blogging and sns played a vital role in creating awareness and organizing people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti corporate campaigns by Greenpeace example campaign against nestle and in fact Greenpeace has launched a campaign against the sns giant facebook itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International rallies organised in colombia through facebook </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Early example from india <ul><li>In 1999,Greenpeace located its first worldwide new media campaigner, Hemant Babu, in India - a country with one billion people and a mere three million computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Babu's first action involved establishing a cybercafe in front of the abandoned  Union Carbide factory in Bhopal,  where a gas leak in 1984 killed about 16,000 people and left almost half a million others with permanent health injuries. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hacktivism <ul><li>Hacktivism is the combination of the words hack and activism </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hacktivism is &quot;the nonviolent use of illegal or legally ambiguous digital tools in pursuit of political ends.” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Criticism <ul><li>Internet activism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activism faces the same challenges as other aspects of the digital divide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially relevant in developing countries, where many people still lack even the basic literacy needed to access written materials on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>„ Cyberbalkanization“: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The same medium that lets people access a large number of news sources also lets them pinpoint the ones they agree with and ignore the rest </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Questions to be addressed <ul><li>How do you scale the infrastructure and practices of digital activism beyond the elite? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you make sustainable digital institutions to change the global power structure? </li></ul>
  15. 15. references <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>thank uuu </li></ul>