Employee Stress
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Employee Stress

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Employee stress management.

Employee stress management.

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    Employee Stress Employee Stress Presentation Transcript

    • “ Stress is a costly business expense that affects both employee health and company’s profit”
    • WHAT IS STRESS . . . ? Stress is an adaptive response mediated by individual characteristics and psychological process, that is, a consequence of any external action, situation or event that places special physical and psychological demands upon a person.
    • “ STRESS IS AN ADAPTIVE RESPONSE TO AN EXTERNAL SITUATION THAT RESULTS IN PHYSICAL , PSYCHOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORIAL DEVIATIONS FOR ORGANISATIONAL PARTICIPATION” EMPLOYEE STRESS :: “ It is a condition arising from the interaction of people and their jobs and characterized by changes within people that force them to deviate from their normal functioning”
    • TYPES OF STRESSES
      • TEMPORARY STRESS
      • LONG TERM STRESS
      • MILD STRESS
      • SEVERE STRESS
      • Depends on:
      • How long
      • How powerful they are
      • How strong the individual’s power are
    • CAUSES OF STRESSES - - STRESSORS INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS EXTRA ORGANISATIONAL STRESSORS ORGANISATIONAL STRESSORS GROUP STRESSORS INDIVIDUAL STRESS
    • 1. INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS
      • LIFE AND CAREER CHANGES
        • Every change produces a stress
        • Young people > old people , Urban people > rural people
        • Caused by Promotions, demotions, transfers, separations etc. . .
        • Below are life events causes stress
      Life events Stress levels Death of spouse Divorce Personal injury/illness Change in financial status Change in nature of work Change in working conditions 100 73 53 38 36 20
    • 2. PERSONALITY TYPE
      • Characteristics –
        • authoritarianism
        • rigidity
        • Masculinity
        • Feminity
        • Extroversion
        • Supportiveness
        • Spontaneity
        • Emotionality
        • Tolerance for ambiguity
        • locus of control
        • Anxiety
        • Need for achievements
      • 2. Type A, Type B personality
    • Difference between Type A, Type B personality Type A personality Type B personality Is always moving Walks rapidly Eats rapidly Talks rapidly Is impatient Does two things at a time Measures success by quantity Is aggressive Is competitive Feels time pressure Is never in hurry Is patient Does not brag Plays for fun, not for win Relaxes without guilt Is mild mannered Has no pressing deadlines
    • 3. ROLE CHARACTERISTICS Role conflict Incompatibility of 2 or more rules Job, family, club, voluntary organization Job task, rules, resources, policies, other people Role ambiguity Inadequate knowledge / information to do a job People not clear about actual expectations from a role
      • Stress levels depends on :
      • Over time
      • Quotas
      • Deadlines
      • Competitiveness
      • Physical demand
      • Environmental conditions
      • Hazards encountered
      • Initiative required
      • Stamina required
      • Win / lose situations
      • Working in the public eye
      Job Stress scores Firefighter Surgeon Real-estate agent Pilot Lawyer Tax collector 110.9 99.5 73.1 68.7 64.3 34.8
    • 2. GROUP STRESSORS
      • LACK OF GROUP COHESIVENESS
        • Satisfaction – group interaction
      • LACK OF SOCIAL SUPPORT
      • CONFLICT
    • 3. ORGANISATIONAL STRESSORS
      • Organizational policies
        • Unfavorable
        • Unfair and arbitrary performance evaluation
        • Unrealistic job description
        • Frequent reallocation of activity
        • Rotating work shifts
        • Ambiguous procedures
        • Inflexible rules
        • Inequality of incentives
        • 2. Organization structure
        • 1. lack of opportunity of participation
        • 2. lack of advancement
        • 3. lack of high degree of specialization
      • 3. Organizational process
        • Poor communication
        • Poor and inadequate feedback of work performance
        • Ambiguous and conflicting roles
        • Unfair control systems
        • Inadequate information flow etc
      • 4. Physical conditions
        • Crowding and lack of privacy
        • Excessive noise
        • Excessive heat or cold
        • Pressure of toxic chemicals and radiation
        • Air pollution
        • Poor lighting
    • 4. EXTRA ORGANIZATIONAL STRESSORS
      • Caused by
      • Environment
      • Social
      • Technical changes
      • Economic and financial conditions
      • Social class conflicts
      • Community conditions
    • EFFECTS OF STRESS
      • Eustress
        • Sales
        • Creativity
      • Distress
        • Physical
          • High B.P ,cholesterol
        • Psychological
          • Mood, emotional status
        • Behavioral
          • Alcoholism
          • Drug addiction
          • Smoking
          • Sleeplessness
          • Suicide
    • BURN-OUT IN JOBS “ Burnout is a syndrome wherein a person breaks down physically and emotionally due to continuous over-wor k over a long period of time”
      • Process of burnout:
      • Stage of job contentment – enthusiasm to work with high energy
      • Stage of fuel storage – experiencing mental fatigue, frustration
      • Stage of withdrawal and isolation- avoiding contact with co-workers, showing anger
      • Stage of crisis- very low self esteem, negative feelings
      • Stage of final breakdown – alcoholism, drug addiction, heart attacks
    • STRESS vs. BURNOUTS STRESS BURNOUTS
      • The person feels fatigued
      • The person is anxious
      • The person is dissatisfied with his/her job
      • The person feels moody
      • Person’s job commitment has dropped off
      • The individual encounters chronic exhaustion
      • Individual is hypertensive
      • The individual is bored and cynical about the work
      • The individual feels impatient , irritable
      • Person’s job commitment in virtually nil.
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