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V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012
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V Rolfe - Open Education and Technical Opportunities - October 2012

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Presentation from OPENED12, October 2012, Vancouver. "Beyond Content".

Presentation from OPENED12, October 2012, Vancouver. "Beyond Content".

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  • 1. Are there Technical Barriers to Open Education?
  • 2. Open Education Conference “Beyond Content” October 16-18th 2012, Vancouver
  • 3. 45 minute presentation by: Dr Viv Rolfe BSc PhD National Teacher Fellow 2012 & Philip Tubman ALT Learning Technologist of the Year 2012http://www.lancs.ac.uk/celt/celtweb/learning-technologist-of-the-year-2012
  • 4. technology
  • 5. • De Montfort University• Education establishment since 1870• 25,000 students• Arts, Science, Business and Law, Technology• The Queen visited in March 2012!
  • 6. Concept • For open education to flourish, users of OER need to be able to discover them, to be able to use and adapt them, and to share their derivations (Yergler 2010 ). • ALMS analysis (Hilton III, Wiley et al 2010) • Access to editing tools • Level of expertise • Meaningfully editable • Source files
  • 7. OER Lifecycle Discovery Publication ImprovementNathan Yergler 2010
  • 8. Reality? Use (unchanged) Discovery Publication Improvement
  • 9. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Use (unchanged) Google? Discovery Publication Improvement
  • 10. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Use (unchanged) Google? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Discovery Staff training Publication Improvement
  • 11. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Use (unchanged) Google? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Discovery Staff training Publication Improvement Multiple file formats Technology barriers Staff training
  • 12. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Use (unchanged) Google? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Discovery Staff training Publication Improvement How / where to share? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Staff training
  • 13. Discovery • University of Nottingham RLO database – a web search is the most popular route of discovery . OER portals were rarely used e.g. Jorum (Windle 2012). • Repositories are fragile – (150 UK universities?). Review of repositories over last 10 years, 11 were discontinued and only 2 were over 5 years old (Friesen 2009).
  • 14. Our Approach 2009 VAL Lab skills UKOER Funding Phase 1 Static HTML site 2010 SCOOTER Blood disorders UKOER Phase 2 SEO website 2011 HALS Medical sciences, forensic sciences, nursing, midwifery UKOER Phase 3 SEO website
  • 15. Our “Bite-sized” SEO StrategyRolfe & Griffin 2011
  • 16. Promoting Discovery • SEO (search engine optimisation) - means of improving a website’s visibility in Google (mainly) rankings. • Drive organic traffic via targeted keywords and back links (URL on other sites). • Social networking strategy – Facebook, Twitter, Posterous, Pinterest, YouTube. • Penguin and Panda updates place importance on authority, profiles, Google +. • ££££££££££££££$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
  • 17. Two Examples SCOOTER UKOER2 HALS UKOER3 Wordpress Direct Blog Wordpress Direct Blog Static OER HTML pages OER Blog articles with RSS feed Basic SEO Enhanced SEO (eZine submissions, press releases) Posterous (Facebook/Twitter/Blogs) Posterous (Facebook/Twitter/Blogs) Google Analytics for basic tracking Enhanced monitoring of site of site performance performance £ Pragmatic and time realistic ££ Enhanced SEO campaign
  • 18. Reach and Impact of our OER? • Rapid global distribution. • Visitor volume via website, YouTube, Facebook and Twitter. • Non-targeted audience. • No technical barrier to discovery – everyone knows how to search.
  • 19. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Use (unchanged) Google? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Discovery Staff training Publication Improvement Multiple file formats Technology barriers Staff training
  • 20. Improvement? PROBLEM! • Many resources ARE NOT OPEN! – Unusable technical formats (SCORM packaged, QuestionMarkPerception quizzes). – Lack of instructions for use / unpackaging. – Articulate Presenter files interoperable on iPad.
  • 21. Publish in multiple formats!
  • 22. And… • Republished at the click of a button – altho’ transcribing takes time. • OER reusable and in different formats for distribution (other file sharing sites) and is ACCESSIBLE and INTEROPERABLE.
  • 23. Technical Blockade Where to search? Repositories? Google? Discovery Publication Improvement How / where to share? Multiple file formats Technology barriers Staff training
  • 24. Clear Instructions for Users • Clear © licensing instructions on websites and each OER. • Clear instructions on how and where to share e.g. version numbers? Simple sharing on YouTube?
  • 25. “I feel proud of the fact that I study at DMU” (DMU student) “The future for learning” (DMU student) “I shall be delighted to hand over all pictorial resources relating to sickle cell disease so that it can be accessed” (Retired Nurse Counsellor) “Thanks, I always wanted to know how a“ Improve my quality of teaching resources microscope worked” (Trash collector, US)in terms of (C), in tune with what studentswant to look at, clearer learning objectives”(Academic staff) “Raised my appreciation of the problems that students experience – about delivering stuff” (Academic Staff)
  • 26. Summary • Remove technical hurdles – make OER discoverable, reusable (accessible, and interoperable) and easy to share. • Continue evaluating: – Which file formats work? – Where do people most find OER? – Are OER being repurposed and shared?
  • 27. References • Downes S (2006). Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects (3), 29-44. • Friesen, N. (2009) ‘Open educational resources: new possibilities for change and sustainability’, International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1–14. • HALS (Health and Life Science Open Educational Resources). Available July 2012: http://www.biologycourses.co.uk • Hilton III, J, Wiley D, Stein J and Johnson A. (2010) The four Rs of openness and ALMS analysis: Frameworks for open educational resources. Open Learning 25(1), 37–44. • Hylén J (2006). Open educational resources: Opportunities and challenges. Open Education Conference Proceedings. Available: http://www.knowledgeall.com/files/Additional_Readings-Consolidated.pdf
  • 28. References • Rolfe V and Griffin SJ (2011). A Guide to SEO http://www.sicklecellanaemia.org/teaching- resources/resources/scooter80/SCOOTER80a_SEO_Guidelines.pdf • Windle R 2012. Understanding and Supporting the Reuse of OER with Health Sciences. SCORE Fellowship Report. http://ebookbrowse.com/richard-windle- score-fellowship-final-report-web-version-pdf-d381773057 • • Yergler NR 2010. Search and Discovery : OERs Open Loop. Available July 2012: http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/handle/10609/4852
  • 29. Thank YouStaff and students CollaboratorsFunders Leicestershire Police
  • 30. Thank You Vancouver! Twitter @DMUViv Email vrolfe@dmu.ac.uk YouTube Channels Biology Courses Belvoir Academy

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