Definition• A movement embracing many individual styles marked in common by freedom of technique, a preference for dramatically large canvases, and a desire to give spontaneous expression to the unconscious.
History• Started in New York in 1940’s• New York School: – Artists wanted to express feelings about World War II – Main Artists: Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock, & Mark Rothko – First U.S. movement to become famous
Influences• Abstractionism & Expressionism• Surrealism• Great Depression• World War Two• Holocaust
Features• Pieces of art are very large• Applied paint expressively• No realistic subject• Expression of feelings and emotions• Trying to depict the subconscious mind• Same attitude about art but not technique or style• Expresses universal emotions
TypesAction Painting Colorfield Painting• Not carefully applied • Carefully painted• Applied paint roughly • Intense squares of color• Personal expression • Few colors• Paint is spontaneously • Large fields of flat, solid dribbled, splashed or color spread across or smeared onto the canvas stained into the canvas • Areas of unbroken surface and a flat picture plane
• January 28, 1912, born in Cody, Wyoming• 1930, moved to New York• 1935, he started work on the WPA Federal Art Project as a painter• 1937, began psychiatric treatment for alcoholism• 1943, Pollocks first one-man art show in New York• 1945, Pollock married Lee Krasner• 1947, Pollock developed the "dripping" process• August 11, 1956, died in East Hampton, New York
Willem de Kooning • 1904- Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands • Left home at 12 to work at a design & decorating firm • Depicted the human form using different methods • Work was constantly changing • At the age of 20 he traveled to America as a stowaway • Influenced by Picasso, Cubism, Surrealism, & Dadaism • Gestural Abstraction • Worked on Women Series for 30 years • Died of Alzheimers in 1997 at age 92
Louise Nevelson• Born in 1899 in the Ukraine and moved to Maine in 1905 with her father• Gave found objects a “spiritual life” inspired by feminism• Grouped wood together into monochromatic cubist structures