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BiorefER

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Value Chain mapping and indexes for biorefineries, a case study in the Emilia-Romagna region

Value Chain mapping and indexes for biorefineries, a case study in the Emilia-Romagna region

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  • 1. CIRI ENERGIA E AMBIENTE - UNITÀ BIOMASSEUniversità di BOLOGNABiorefER project: Value Chainmapping and indexes, a case studyin the Emilia-Romagna regionDiego Marazza diego.marazza@unibo.it, Luciano Vogli, Vittoria Bandini,Daniela Sani* Andrea Contin– CIRI Energy and Environment (Interdepartmental Centerfor Industrial Research) - Biomass Unit, University of Bologna, Emilia-Romagna HighTechnology Network* Supported by and in collaboration with: Consortium for Innovation and Technology Transferin Emilia-Romagna - ASTER - Plastice ProjectContributions from: CONOE, Unigrà S.r.l., C.R.P.A. S.p.A.
  • 2. Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNAOutlineBiorefinery capacity and valuechain socio-economic impactExisting value chains:1) biogas from corn2) power from vegetable oilsValue chain mappingPotential value chains:1) used cooking oils to biodiesel2) agro-residues to bioplastic PHA3) agro-residues to bioplastic PLA
  • 3. 3Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNAFramework
  • 4. 4Biorefining is the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of marketablebio-based products (food, feed, chemicals, and/or materials) and bioenergy (biofuels,power and/or heat)In order to evaluate the added value of a biorefinery chainwe can assess:The multiplicity of potential products, andThe number and diversity of involved economicactivitiesBiorefiningCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNABiorefinery IndexBISupply Chain ActivationindexSCAI
  • 5. 5BI Index – The multiplicity of potential products๏ State of the Art technology๏ Low capacity to replacepetrochemical equivalents๏ Alternative production routesavailable๏Innovation๏High capacity to replacepetrochemical equivalents๏Alternative production routesnot availablePRODUCT WEIGHTING FACTORHeat DigestateBiofuels,biomethaneBiomaterialsfibers, foodPowerFertilizer,feed,biocharBiochemicalsBuildingBlocks,Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 6. 6SCAI IndexSCAI index is based on:N = number of different NACE codesinvolvedC= number of consortia involvedNumber and diversity of involved economic activitiesCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 7. 7BI and SCAI values range0 - 10whereBI and SCAI indexesLow added valueLimited product diversificationLimited economic chainactivation0 - 5 6 - 10High added valueHigh product diversificationGood economic chain activationCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 8. 11Power from vegetable oilsPRODUCT WEIGHTING FACTORHeat PowerBI2SCAI5,59Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 9. 9Biogas from corn supply chainPRODUCT WEIGHTING FACTORHeat Digestate PowerBI2,5SCAI8,22Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 10. 12Local biorefineries have plenty of improvement opportunities, in particularthey can build on product differentiation (Low BI values)The variety and diversity of economic activities involved is already good (GoodSCAI values)These indexes can be used as tools in order to support regional targets in thebio-economy domainDiscussionCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 11. Identify potential integrated Biobased Value Chains (BVCs) asregional clusters of organizations• Assess BVCs density in the region and integration extent• Highlight key enabling technologies (KETs)• BIOREFINERY GEODATABASEUPSTREAMDOWNSTREAMCONVERSIONService providerAuthorityMultiplier organizationResearchValue Chain MappingCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 12. KETsCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 13. 14Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNARelevant and alternativeconversions for newpotential value chains
  • 14. 15Relevant companies(EBIDTA >0,1M€) involvedin secondary treatmentprocesses and equipmentproviders for downstream.They are ACTUALLY in thevalue chainThe Biorefinery GeoDataBaseCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNAUPSTREAM CONVERSION DOWNSTREAM110 entities153 sitesNot just a collection !Relevant andwell knowncompanies in thefield of the agro-food industry (>200 ton/year)Relevant companies in the fieldof petrochemical or chemicalspecialties (EBIDTA >0,3M€).These represent plants actuallyhosting the technology,potential sites, pilot plants orlaboratories
  • 15. 16Main map (DB related)Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 16. 17PHA value chainCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 17. 18PLA value chainCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 18. 19PHA and PLA statisticsCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 19. 20Upstream feedstocksCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 20. 21Conversion plants – state of the artCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 21. 22BiorefER RoadmapCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 22. 23Regulation impactCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 23. • Upstream, Conversion, Downstream and the otherbiobased economy clusters can be seen as indipendententities in a broader and globalized view. Enlarge scopeand avoid short sighted visions!• Some effort has to be put on the innovation side:application of currently available KETs (e.g. sugarcatalyst)• Potential application to other industrial symbiosis cases(also heat symbiosis)CONSIDERATIONS AND DISCUSSIONKETsCiri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNA
  • 24. Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNAClimate-KIC project “Biohorizon- Horizon Scanningthe European Bioeconomy. ” 6 Biobased businessand/or research strategies within regions shapedFocus Group “Industrial Symbiosis foragricultural residues enhencement”Identification and removal of barriers to thefaster and more widespread use of sustainabletypes of plastics.Bioenergy Support Center - capability centerproviding leadership, demonstration, bestpractices, research, support and/or training forthe bio-based sector.Further development of the present work
  • 25. Ciri - energia e AMBIENTEUniversità di BOLOGNAThanksdiego.marazza@unibo.it

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