We have three main goals for today. We’ll spend the most time on searching for articles, but we’ll provide resources for goals #2 and #3.
Not all articles in peer-reviewed journals are studies or research. They could be book reviews, editorials, “how I do it” guides, or secondary sources. Clues for primary sources include I or we (author is researcher), methodology, sample, data, results. Clues for secondary sources include overview, review, author is not the researcher. How would you use secondary sources?
If the students need a brief explanation of why peer-reviewed is required, spend some time on this slide. Compare peer-reviewed to a traditional publication process (writer + editor = published).
Ask … Who what how where why when…Record search statements
When you begin your researching, always start from the library’s homepage.
Using keywords is a great way to begin researching. Keywords are casual language. Don’t clutter up your search, however, with too many of them. Eventually, you may want to switch to using a formal language, defined by the individual database. Subject headings (or descriptors) are found in two ways: the thesaurus and listed in a citation.
Here is a sample research project. Keywords are the informal, casual language. Subject headings are from the database’s thesaurus. Each one will bring up different results.
Demo a simple search in Academic Search complete and a complex search of several databases
You may not have time to cover all of ILLiad. The basics include setting up an account (which Sue will verify here at the library). Show how to request articles in a database.
You may not have time to cover RefWorks, but make certain they have an account set up.
The library always responds immediately to email. Follow-up if you have no response by 2/3 days. Emphasize form and tutorials
EDUC 601: Educational Research
Viterbo University Library
1. Develop, use, and refine search strategies to
locate peer-reviewed research articles
related to your topic.
2. Request articles with ILLiad.
3. Organize your research with RefWorks.
SEARCHINGFOR PEER-REVIEWED,PRIMARY RESEARCHARTICLES
What you need:
• Research articles (studies)
• Peer-reviewed (refereed)
• Published recently (within 5
Where you’ll find these:
• Academic journals (print and
• Books (rarely)
• Government publications
Researcher(s) conducts an original
study to collect new data and reports
on the findings.
Author provides an overview, review
and/or interprets existing information.
What is Primary Research?
WHAT IS “RELATED” RESEARCH?
You need to locate articles related to your topic. This means they do
not have to match your exact topic:
• Research question: Does student writing (journaling) improve
• Age: Middle School
Broader concepts: writing skills, writing activities,
Narrower concepts: journaling, free writing
Additional concepts: writing, journaling, free writing,
academic improvement, teaching methods for writing
Most of these concepts can be worked into acceptable article searches.
TWO WAYS TO SEARCH: KEYWORD VS. SUBJECT
• Common language
• Tip: Use single words or
• Formal language
• Refer to the “thesaurus”
• Tip: Grab subjects from other
Your subject: Reading
Age of students: Third Grade
Study Summary: How do book clubs influence reading skills?
Keywords: reading, participation, effect, third graders, primary, elementary,
Subjects (from database):
• LITERACY education
• EDUCATION, elementary
• BOOKS & reading
• BOOK clubs (discussion groups)
Good results with
results with subject
REFINE: LIMIT YOUR RESULTS
ERIC Limits: Advanced
Database have “limiters” to help with
peer-reviewed, primary, etc.
GOAL TWO: USING
What is ILLiad?
• The library uses a program called ILLiad to request materials from other libraries.
When to Use ILLiad
• If you do not locate a full-text article online, use your ILLiad account. Articles will take
approximately 2-5 days to arrive electronically.
Note on Books
• If Viterbo does not own the book, your local public library can often get it faster. We can
help you, but it will take longer and you will have the book for less time.
Note on Dissertations
• If you would like to request a dissertation, please remember that it is not peer-reviewed.
Also, it may be difficult to find older dissertations as most libraries will not lend them.
ILLiad Guidelines and Instructions:
WHEN TO USE ILLIAD
1. When searching databases, if you don’t see a link
to “fulltext,” “PDF,” or “linked fulltext,” click on
“360 Link to Full Text.”
2. If you still are not able to retrieve your article,
request it through ILLiad.
GOAL THREE: USING
• Official RefWorks Tutorial:
What is RefWorks?
RefWorks is a citation management program that helps you organize
your research. You may import articles from databases, create a work
cited list, and get help formatting an APA-style paper.
Access RefWorks through the library’s webpage using the EDUC 601
Subject Guide or the “Database Search” tab from the main page.
Web Page: www.viterbo.edu/library
Database Access: Use your VU login and
password. If you have trouble, please
contact us for alternative login tips.