SQUIN: ‘ As you know, I’m interested in X. Can you please tell me your life story / your story of X, all of the events and experiences you feel have been important to you personally. Start wherever you like and please take all the time you need. I’ll just listen first and won’t interrupt, I’ll just take some notes for if I have any questions for after you have finished telling me about it all’ Pushing = same wording, in the same order. ‘ You mentioned…. Can you remember any more about that (time/day/event)? Any more about how that all came about?’ Interview two: opportunity for non-narrative questions.
Biographical Data Chronology & Text Structure Sequentialisation Panels (three to five individuals, preferably from a range of backgrounds) work through the relevant document ‘chunk by chunk’ in a future-blind manner, considering what the chunk might have meant to the participant at the time (in their life, or in their telling of the story) and what might have happened next. Build up hypotheses. Whole case: Why did a person who lived their life like this, tell their story like that?
Coding: both pre-determined and ‘in-vivo’
Each Interviewee has a page on the spreadsheet: Key issues: Life story What they say is important to them View of work – what work means to them View of work demands – long hours, travel, mobility, etc. View of vocational study Family Partner Friends Colleagues – seen as a support, source of friendship, influence on work-life balance First experience of living alone Current feelings about living alone (advantages, down-sides) Work-life balance (meaning to them, attitude towards current work-life reconciliation) Ideal work-life balance / desired provision Perception of fairness at work Plans for the future ‘ Lived life’ chronology, including reasons for transition (structure/agency) ‘ Told story’ overview (length, style, key topics of focus)
Working with the codes: As advised by Seidel & Kelle (1995:55), after the identification of relevant phenomena, the focus was on collecting examples of those phenomena and examining them in order to find commonalities, differences, patterns and structures. Main work-life balance issues unique to my sample: Time; Legitimacy; Support; Vulnerability Case comparison: Different types of work-life balance experience; differences based on gender, age, type of role (managerial/prof), etc.
Dss Presentation - Krystal
Qualitative ResearchAdapting the Biographical Narrative InterpretiveMethod (BNIM) for research on Managers and Professionals Doctoral Seminar Series 2013 Krystal Wilkinson
ContentsResearch topicResearch questionsMethodology requirements‘Pure’ BNIM data collection & analysisProblems with a ‘pure’ approachAdapted data collection & analysis
Research questionsWhat work-life balance issues areexperienced by the solo-living employees?To what extent is the group heterogeneous interms of work-life attitude and experience?What is the interplay of structure, culture andindividual agency in relation solo-livingemployee to work-life balance?
Methodology requirementsQualitative designIndividual as the unit of analysisParticipant requirementsSample strategyIn-depth interviews including abiographical-narrative element
BNIM Data CollectionHandbook for the method: Wegraf (2011)Interview One: Single question designed to induce narrative(SQUIN) Pushing for particular incident narratives(PINs)Interview Two (Optional): Further questions
BNIM Data AnalysisPost-interview researcher debriefMemoising during transcriptionProducing BDC & TSS‘Lived life’ panel‘Told story’ panelWhole case considerationCase comparisons
Methodological problems Small number of participants Time constraints of data collection Two interview format Concerns over pushing for PINs Time demands of panel discussions Lack of attention given to non-narrative datacollected
Adapted Data CollectionOne interview: SQUIN Minimal pushing for PINs Participant information sheet Semi-structured interview schedule
Adapted Data AnalysisPost-interview researcher debriefMemoising during transcriptionTranscript codingSpreadsheet for initial general analysis
Name LeahJob Title HR ManagerPart / theme QuoteLife story Brief story, acheivement central - work and study. Previous partner mentioned.Whats important Family… [pause], erm this is anything outside work isn’t it? I think work is very important to me, actually, and study. Erm, so yeah, I think those are the three top things. When asked what life outside of work involves, she cites CIPD Branch work andView of work It’s very important to me, it means, as well as status and everything else...its erm the fulfilment you get from helping people out Work and study similar onus: I think it’s the achievement, I think I’ve always been quite driven by achievement, I’ve coWork demands - long Works 8.30am to 8pm, but work pretty all-consuming in terms of attention: I’m always getting in trouble with my boyfriend because I’mhours, travel. thinking about work ALL the time, not helped by the i-phone: which means that we’ve got work email pinging ALL the tim Type of organisation: says her last role had a public sector attitude - so everyone left at five oclock. Whereas here, nobody leaves at five o’clock anyway, people wander into your office at six, seven o’clock at night and come down for a chat, erm aStudy MA in HRM, currently doing an MBA. Agency: its been me knocking on the door and saying ‘can I do this?. Reason - acheivement, fulfilment and I think its also important to continue to learn – you can’t just say ‘right I’ve got that box ticked now andFamilyPartner Little mention of current partner. Some detail on former partner, who she lived with - was actually good for her WLB: he was really helpful...he’d come and pick me up from town [late after college] and take me home, and cook my tea and al that kind of tFriends Sees friends that tends to be a Friday night activity, that tends to be pencilled in there. Social time has to be scheduled.Colleagues Buddy system in operation really beneficial - shes partnered with the Operations Manager - help each other out.First experience of living University - positive experience, wanted to move away.away from homeLiving alone More conscious of the down-sides than the benefits. Downsides, well I’ve got a whole list. For me the worse things are when you’ve had a long day or you don’t get home til nine o’clock or something, even little things like running out of milk or somethWork-life balance Meaning: I think for me it’s fitting in everything that you want to do. And feeling like you’ve got a life outside of work. Doesnt feel that in control at the moment: it feels like if someone wanders into my office at six o’clock at night or somethi I think at the moment it is the career progression and the autonomy over the role that is much more important to me Action to improve WLB was in personal domain: about a month ago I got a cleaner, which has made a bit of a difference actuallyIdeal WLB / desired I think a little bit more time at home, or just protected time, I don’t really mind if its not very much as long as I know that I’m kind ofprovision guaranteed it every weekFairness at work No unfairness felt.Plans for the future I think the grand plan is probably to, maybe wind things back a little bit, I think once I finish my MBA that might be it for studying - alongside working, I mean I wouldn’t mind maybe studying full-time again. hopefully in the future there’ll be moreEvents Structure or agencyGrew up near Staffordshire Lived with mother and sister. Working class parents - mums a cleaner, dads a lorry driver (after muliple redundancies)Move to Manchester for Desire for independence: as soon as I was eighteen basically I was out the door and came to Manchester, which was about theuniversity nearest city I could get to. Linguistics degree as enjoyed English and Sociology at A Level.Moved in with boyfriend & Found the degree was completely useless in the real world, didnt see a posibility of getting into research as I wasn’t a superstar at itOffice job by any means. when I graduated I got just any office work I could really. And kind of fell into HR a bit.HR Manager role First HR role in The University of Manchester Incubator Company: I kind of grew from the Office Manager role...the demand for an HR Manager grewStarted studying for MA Active choice, and relevant for the role
Adapted Data Analysis Post-interview researcher debrief Memoising during transcription Transcript coding Spreadsheet for initial general analysis Working with the codes (Seidel & Kelle,1995). Individual case construction and casecomparisons
References Seidel, J. & Kelle, U. (1995) Different Functions ofCoding in the Analysis of Textual Data in U. Kelle(Ed.) Computer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis:Theory, Methods and Practice. London: Sage Wengraf, T. (2011) Interviewing for life-histories,lived periods and situations, and ongoing personalexperiencing using the Biographic-NarrativeInterpretive Method (BNIM): The BNIM Short Guidebound with The BNIM Detailed Manual, version11.07. Available from: email@example.com