The nature of learner language
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The nature of learner language

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The nature of learner language The nature of learner language Presentation Transcript

  • By: NOVITA ARUM SARI 2201410104
  • *) The Good Reasons Why we Should focus on Errors1) Rising the important question of “why do learners make errors?”2) It is useful for teachers to know what errors learners make
  • To identify errors youshould compare thesentence learners producewith what seem to be thenormal or “correct”sentence in the targetlanguage which correspondwith them.
  • The difference of errors and mistakes;1) errors reflect gaps in learners‟ knowledge, they occur because the learner does not know what is correct.2) mistakes reflect
  • There are several ways to classify errors into categories;*) Grammatical errors1) omission leaving out an item that is required for an utterance to be considered grammatical
  • 3) Misordering  putting the words in an utterance in the wrong orderThe most common generalerror type is „misinformation‟For example;A. the use of „big‟ instead of „bigger‟
  • Errors appears to beexplained, because errorsare universal. The point isthat, why this errors couldoccur.@ The types of errors:1) Overgeneralization errors
  • The purpose of the erroranalysis is to help learnerslearn an L2, there is a needto evaluate errors.There are 2 kind of errors:*) Global error*) Local error
  • We can explore theuniversality of L2acquisition by examining thedevelopment patternlearners follow:*) The early stages of L2language:A. A silent period
  • B. The order of acquisitiontime, when learners begin to learn the grammar of the L2.C. Sequence of acquisitionwhen learners acquire a grammatical structure they do so gradually, moving trough a series of
  • The conclusions that reachedfrom the study of learnererrors, L2 acquisition is :a) Systematicb) To a large extentc) Universald) Reflecting ways in which internal cognitive mechanism control acquisition
  • learners‟ language systematic  variableThe variability of learners using in L2:@ Linguistic context@ Situational context@ Psycholinguistic context
  • At any given stage ofdevelopment, learnerssometimes employ one formand sometimes another.Example :*) Yesterday the thief stealthe suitcase*) yesterday the thief
  • We have already seenevidence of systematicvariability. learners‟ choiceof past tense marker(progressive form or correctpast tense form) depends, inpart, on whether the verbrefers to an event, an
  • Learners vary in theirusing of the L2 according tolinguistic content, they useone form while in anothercontext they use alternateform. The effect oflinguistic context are alsoevident in learners‟ use of
  • Learners also vary thelinguistic forms they use inaccordance with thesituational context. In thisrespect, learners are nodifferent from nativespeakers, when the nativespeaker of English aretalking to friends, for
  • Another importantfactor that accounts for thesystematic nature ofvariability is thepsycholinguistic context-learners only use thecorrect forms of L2 whenthey have the opportunity to
  •  THANKS 