Stress Management

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A presentation made to the students of Management Development Programme of Sister Niveditha College

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Stress Management

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT PROF. V. VISWANADHAM
  2. 2. ? WHAT IS STRESS ? WHAT CAUSES STRESS ? CAN STRESS BE AVOIDED ? HOW TO MANAGE STRESS ? STRESS
  3. 3. POSITIVE STRESS STIMULATES PEAK PERFORMANCE RESULTING IN POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH
  4. 4. NEGATIVE STRESS AFFECTS PERFORMANCE BOTH MENTAL & PHYSICAL PERSONAL & ORGANISATIONAL
  5. 5. STRESS MANAGEMENT ~ THE CASE OF Corporate Executives IN THE CASE OF Students, particularly Students of MBA Programme
  6. 6. STRESS MANAGEMENT ~ THE CASE OF Students, particularly Students of MBA Programme Students' & Stress Management MBA Students' & Stress Management
  7. 7. WORK CAUSES S T R E S S CHANGING NATURE OF WORK & COMPETITION CAUSES MORE S T R E S S OVERWORKED, UNDER-STAFFED, OUTSOURCING, RESTRUCTURINGS, DOWNSIZING, KEEPING UPTO DATE WITH CHANGING TECHNOLOGY, EVER-INCREASING TARGETS, BUDGET CONSTRAINTS, STRICTER DEADLINES, EVER-WIDENING GENERATION GAP, INCREASING LEVELS OF PRESSURES FROM ALL SIDES, DECLINING LEVELS OF DISCIPLINE, DECLINING HEALTH AND ACTIVITY LEVELS, INCREASING RESPONSIBILITIES ON THE HOME FRONT. . . STRESS ANY OF THEM, ALONE, OR IN SOME COMBINATION, WILL CAUSE STRESS
  8. 8. WHAT IS HEAVY WORK OVERLOAD ? EMPLOYEES FEEL THAT THEY HAVE TOO MUCH TO DO, NOT ENOUGH TIME TO PERFORM REQUIRED TASKS, AND NOT ENOUGH RESOURCES TO DO THE WORK WELL. ~ A M I S M A T C H BETWEEN THE DEMANDS OF THE JOB AND THE INDIVIDUAL’S CAPACITY TO MEET THE DEMANDS. ~ LEADS TO EXPERIENCING AN IMBALANCE IN THE LOAD BETWEEN THEIR JOB AND THEIR HOME LIFE. WHAT IS THE RESULT OF SUCH HEAVY WORK OVERLOAD ? STRESS MAXIMISING MINIMISING
  9. 9. DEGREE OF MATCH OR MISMATCH BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL & KEY ASPECTS OF HIS OR HER ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT. THE GREATER THE GAP , OR MISMATCH BETWEEN THE PERSON AND THE JOB, THE GREATER THE LIKELIHOOD OF BURNOUT.
  10. 10. WHAT DO YOU THINK IS THE EFFECT OF “ LONG-WORKING HOURS CULTURE” ON PERSONAL AND FAMILY LIFE ? Over a period of TIME, on the Corporate Efficiency ? INCREASED STRESS
  11. 11. BURNOUT ~ FEELING OF OVEREXTENSION AND DEPLETION OF ONE’S EMOTIONAL AND PHYSICAL RESOURCES. ~ FEELING OF CYNICISM SETS IN – A SHIFT FROM TRYING TO DO THEIR VERY BEST TO DOING THE BARE MINIMUM ~ FEELING OF INCOMPETENCE AND A LACK OF ACHIEVEMENT ORIENTATION DUE TO DECLINING PRODUCTIVITY CONTD.
  12. 12. PEOPLE EXPERIENCING BURNOUT ~ ASK THEMSELVES : ‘ WHAT AM I DOING ? ’ ‘ WHY AM I HERE ? ’ ‘ MAY BE THIS IS THE WRONG JOB FOR ME ! ’ BURNOUT OFTEN MAKES THEM DISLIKE THE KIND OF PERSON THEY THINK THEY HAVE BECOME – DEVELOPING A NEGATIVE REGARD FOR THEMSELVES, AS WELL AS FOR OTHERS.
  13. 13. STRESS HAS A NEGATIVE IMPACT ON BOTH PHYSICAL HEALTH [ESPECIALLY CARDIOVASCULAR PROBLEMS] & PSYCHOLGICAL WELL-BEING ~ AS IT PRECIPITATES NEGATIVE EFFECTS IN TERMS OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, AND RESULTS IN LOWERING OF SELF-ESTEEM.
  14. 14. <ul><li>Stress is your mind and body’s </li></ul><ul><li>response or reaction </li></ul><ul><li>to a real or imagined </li></ul><ul><li> threat, event or change. </li></ul><ul><li>The threat, event or change </li></ul><ul><li>are commonly called stressors. </li></ul><ul><li>Stressors can be internal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(thoughts, beliefs, attitudes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or external </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(loss, tragedy, change). </li></ul></ul>WHAT IS STRESS ?
  15. 15. Too much stress can be distressing. The line between eustress , that turns you on & the distress that wears you out is often difficult to distinguish. Healthful stress levels vary greatly among individuals. stress :
  16. 16. ANXIETY NERVOUSNESS TENSION PHOBIAS PANIC DEPRESSION SADNESS LOWERED SELF – ESTEEM APATHY FATIGUE GUILT & SHAME POOR SELF – ASSESSMENT NEGATIVE MOOD SWINGS NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF STRESS
  17. 17. DIFFUSED FOCUSSING ON PROBLEMS LONELINESS SELECTIVE INATTENTION SOCIAL ISOLATION LOWERED ABILITY TO CONCENTRATE POORER ABILITY TO MAKE DECISIONS INCREASED FORGETFULNESS IRRITATION SHOWN WHEN CRITICISED FREQUENT SELF-CRITICAL THOUGHTS INCREASINGLY RIGID ATTITUDES DISTORTION IN IDEAS DISTURBED SLEEP AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR
  18. 18. EMOTIONAL OUTBURSTS LOSS OF APPETITE OR EXCESSIVE EATING TREMBLING LIMBS ACCIDENT PRONENESS INACTIVITY HYPER TENSION HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CARDIAC PROBLEMS DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING ASHTAMA ALLERGIC FLAREUPS MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
  19. 19. ACHES AND PAINS HEADACHES AND MIGRAINES NUMBNESS INCREASED BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL INCREASED CHOLESTEROL DIGESTIVE SYSTEM UPSET INADEQUATE TIME FOR FAMILY & SOCIAL LIFE INSUFFICIENT ATTENTION FOR FAMILY LIFE LOSS OF INTEREST AND SO ON AND SO ON ~ RESULTING VERY SOON IN D E C R E A S E D I M M U N I T Y AGAINST DISEASES
  20. 20. 1. Behaviour indicators include: lack of enthusiasm for family, work or life in general, withdrawal, change in eating habits, inability to have sound sleep, sleeping excessively, anger, fatigue. HOW TO RECOGNISE STRESS :
  21. 21. 2. Cognitive Indicators include: poor problem solving, confusion, nightmares, hyper-vigilance. HOW TO RECOGNISE STRESS : [ CONTINUED . . . ] STRESS IS EXHAUSTING & DEBILITATING
  22. 22. There are many ways to reduce your stress level. Everyone is different, and some things will work for you more than others. Hence, Identify what works well for you. Here are some Do’s and Don’ts… CONTROLLING STRESS :
  23. 23. ADOPT “ WORK IS WORSHIP ” ATTITUDE DOs . . . IMPROVE YOUR TIME MANAGEMENT SKILLS COMMUNICATION SKILLS SELF – MANAGEMENT SKILLS
  24. 24. DOs . . . DEVELOP POSITIVE ATTITUDE POSITIVE THINKING + POSITIVE TALKING + POSITIVE ACTION = POSITIVE OUTCOMES
  25. 25. EXPRESS YOURSELF [ POSITIVELY ] DO NOT SUPPRESS & ACCUMULATE YOUR FEELINGS DOs . . .
  26. 26. DEVELOP ACCEPTANCE RESOLVING WHAT YOU CAN CHANGE & ACCEPTING THAT WHICH YOU CANNOT CHANGE WILL GIVE YOU PEACE OF MIND BY REDUCING S T R E S S . DOs . . .
  27. 27. PLAN YOUR NEXT DAY PUT IT DOWN IN WRITING IMPROVE YOUR SUCCESS RATE DO's . . . DISCOURAGE INTERRUPTIONS IN YOUR WORK
  28. 28. DOs . . . CARE FOR YOUR BODY HEALTHY DIET PLENTY OF WATER REGULAR EXERCISE DEEP BREATHING 6 TO 7 HOURS OF SOUND SLEEP MEDITATION, YOGA & PRANAYAMA
  29. 29. DOs . . . READ ELEVATING LITERATURE
  30. 30. DOs . . . LISTEN TO SOFT & SOOTHING MUSIC
  31. 31. OBSERVE SUN RISE AS MANY TIMES AS YOU CAN MOVE OUT INTO THE OPEN AND ENJOY DOs . . .
  32. 32. <ul><li>Gives your heart and lungs a workout </li></ul><ul><li>Helps you relax </li></ul><ul><li>Boosts the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces pain </li></ul><ul><li>Improves mood </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a feeling of control </li></ul><ul><li>Makes you more creative </li></ul><ul><li>Fights depression </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces anger </li></ul><ul><li>Makes you more friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in increased caring and sharing </li></ul>DOs . . . BEGIN WITH A SMILE & develop a sense of humour - laugh, laugh and laugh. 15 Minutes at least
  33. 33. DON'Ts . . . NO SELF-MEDICATION PLEASE DON'T MIX AND MESS OFFICE LIFE & PERSONAL LIFE
  34. 34. DON'Ts . . . NO DRUGS NO ALCHOHAL NO TOBACCO NO INDULGENCES NO EXCESSES NO NEW VICES when to say &quot;no&quot;, & learn when to say &quot;stop&quot; KNOW
  35. 35. DON'Ts . . . DO NOT TAKE OUT YOUR STRESS ON YOUR SUBORDINATES AND / OR YOUR FAMILY
  36. 36. P R O B L E M S NOT TO BE NEGLECTED CONCENTRATE ON THINKING OF POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
  37. 37. ANGER IRRITATION REACTION TAKE A DEEP BREATH TRY TO REGAIN CONTROL THINK BEFORE YOU TALK FOR EVERY MINUTE YOU ARE ANGRY YOU LOSE 60 SECONDS OF HAPPINESS
  38. 38. IMPROVE YOUR SELF MANAGEMENT SKILLS ABILITY TO DEAL WITH EMOTIONS EXERCISE FOR THE BODY & THE MIND HOW ABOUT THE SOUL ?
  39. 39. T E M P T A T I O N S
  40. 40. HANDLING STRESS . . . HAVE FAITH REGULAR PRAYER, WORSHIP & MEDITATION REGULARLY PRACTICE RELAXATION ACTIVITIES MAKE UP YOUR MIND TO CONTROL YOUR MIND
  41. 41. <ul><ul><li>Eat wisely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigorous Physical Exercise regularly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Time Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allot time for rest, relaxation & recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Hobbies that refresh your mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Positive Attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice Yoga, Pranayama & Meditation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid blaming others for situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid bad company – Smoking, Drinking etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep a record of successful Stress Management Techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify stressful periods and plan for them </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the opportunities for personal growth </li></ul>25 POINT SUMMARY
  42. 42. <ul><ul><li>Your family is your </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best shock-absorber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish and maintain a strong support network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing a Network of friends, particularly outside the Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set goals in your life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt to change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a lifestyle that will buffer against the effects of stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate your feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think positively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn to Learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not REACT . . . RESPOND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep a personal record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No self-medication please. Consult your physician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or psychologist for professional advice </li></ul></ul>SUMMARY Contd...
  43. 43. PLEASE S.M.I.L.E. NOW & KEEP ON SMILING THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENT LISTENING HOPE, YOU DID NOT HAVE ANY ADDITIONAL STRESS BECAUSE OF THIS PRESENTATION PROF. V. VISWANADHAM PLEASE PUT AT LEAST SOMETHING INTO PRACTICE

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