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    • South Korea Amal Sendi Teacher:Houssem lakhdher 9b42011/2 16
    • Plan:1-History :2- Geography, climate and environment geography climate environment3- Science and technology Robotics4-Religion5-Art6-Architecture7-Cuisine8-Contemporary music, film and television9-Technology culture10-Sports : taekwondo11-External links 16
    • I. History:• South Korea officially the Republic of Korea , is a sovereign state in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula The name "Korea" is derived from Goryeo, a dynasty which ruled in the Middle Ages.• Its neighbors are China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea to the south.. It covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of almost 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 9,794,304.3333 1
    • I. History:• South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of sixteen administrative divisionsand is a developed country with a very high standard of living. It is Asias fourth largest economy. 2
    • II. Geography, climate and environment 1. Geography:.South Korea occupies the southernportion of the Korean Peninsula, whichextends some 1,100 km (680 mi) fromthe Asian mainland. These mountainouspeninsula is flanked by the YellowSea to the west, and East Sea to theeast. Its southern tip lies on the KoreaStrait and the East China Sea..South Koreas terrain is mostlymountainous, most of which isnot arable. Lowlands, located primarilyin the west and southeast, make uponly 30% of the total land area. 3
    • 2. Climate• South Korea has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring usually lasts from late-March to early- May, summer from mid-May to early-September, autumn from mid-September to early-November, and winter from mid-November to mid-March.• Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months of June through September. The southern coast is subject to late summer typhoons that bring strong winds and heavy rains. The average annualprecipitation varies from 1,370 millimeters (54 inches) in Seoul to 1,470 millimeters (58 inches) in Busan. There are occasional typhoons that bring high winds and floods. 4
    • 5
    • 3. Environment• South Korea is a member of the Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity Treaty, Kyoto Protocol (forming the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG), regarding UNFCCC, with Mexico and Switzerland),Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, 6
    • 3. Environment• Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (not into force), Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, andWhaling. 7
    • III. Science and technology 1. Robotics• Robotics has been included in the list of main national R&D projects in Korea since 2003. In 2009, the government announced plans to build robot- themed parks in Incheon and Masan with a mix of public and private funding. 8
    • 1. Robotics• Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February 2010, with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by 2013. Robotics are also incorporated in the entertainment sector as well; the Korean Robot Game Festival has been held every year since 2004 to promote science and robot technology. 9
    • IV. Religion Religion percent1. No religion   46.5%2. Buddhism   22.8%3. Protestantism   18.3%4. Roman Catholic Church   10.9%5. Other religions 0.7%6. Won Buddhism 0.3%7. Jehovahs Witnesses 0.3%8. Confucianism 0.2%9. Cheondoism 0.1%10. Islam 10 0.1%
    • V. Art• Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism, which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts. Korean pottery and porcelain, such as Joseons baekja and buncheong, and Goryeos celadon are well known throughout the world. The Korean tea ceremony, pansori, talchum and bucha echum are also notable Korean performing arts. 11
    • VI. ArchitectureDue to South Koreas tumultuous history,construction and destruction has been repeatedendlessly, resulting in an interesting melange ofarchitectural styles and designs.Korean traditional architecture is characterizedby its harmony with nature. Ancient architectsadopted the bracket system characterized bythatched roofs and heated floors called ondol .People of the upper classes built the biggesthouses with elegantly curved tiled roofs withlifting eaves 12
    • CuisineKorean cuisine is largely basedon rice, noodles, tofu, vegetables, fishand meats. Traditional Korean meals arenoted for the number of sidedishes, banchan , which accompanysteam-cooked short-grain rice. Everymeal is accompanied by numerousbanchan. Kimchi , a fermented, usuallyspicy vegetable dish is commonly servedat every meal and is one of the bestknown Korean dishes. Korean cuisineusually involves heavy seasoningwith sesame oil, doenjang , a typeof fermented soybean paste, soy sauce,salt, garlic, ginger, and gochujang , a hotpepper paste. 13
    • Contemporary music, film and television• In addition to domestic consumption, South Korean mainstream culture, including televised drama, films, and popular music, also generates significant exports to various parts of the world. This phenomenon, often called "Hallyu" or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries in Asia and other parts of the world.• The famous k-poper groups are: Super junior (suju , sj) which composed of 13 membersGirls generation(snsd)which composed of nine members 14
    • Contemporary music, film and television• Korean television shows, especially the short form dramatic mini-series called "dramas", have also become popular outside of Korea, becoming another driving trend for wider recognition. The trend has caused some Korean actors to become better known abroad. The dramas are popular mostly in Asia. The stories have tended to have a romance focus, such as Princess Hours, Youre Beautiful, My Name is Kim Sam Soon, Boys over Flowers, Winter Sonata, Autumn Fairy Tale, Full House, All About Eve. Historical/fantasy dramas have included Dae Jang Geum, The Legend, and Sungkyunkwan Scandal. 15
    • Technology culture• South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked second and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of 2010, respectively. An estimated 90% of South Koreans own a mobile phone.A side from placing/receiving calls and text messaging, mobile phones in the country are widely used for watching Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) or viewing websites.Over one million DMB phones have been sold and the three major wireless communications providers SK Telecom, KT, and LG Telecom provide coverage in all major cities and other areas. 16
    • Sports taekwondo• The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. In the 1950s and 1960s, modern rules were standardised and taekwondo became an official Olympic sport in 2000. Other Korean martial arts include taekkyeon, hapkido, tang soo do, kuk sool won, kumdo and subak. 17
    • Thank youfor yourattention 18
    • External linkshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_KoreaGoogle imageDilandau