BIOMETRIC VOTINGSYSTEM By Abhijith.S.Sofji S7,CSE Roll No: 1 MCET
Objective: INTRODUCTION DESIGN DESCRIPTION OF THE VOTING MACHINE 1. 1.FINGER PRINT SCANNER 1.2.FEATURE EXTRACTION AND COMPARISON SCANNING AND PROCESSING 1.3.TRANSFER OF PROCESSED DATA TO THE HARD DISK 1.4.VARIOUS PROCESSES VERIFICATION OF VOTERS 1.5.PROCESSING AND COUNTING 1.6.REJECTION OF VOTER REPETITION 2. FORMATION OF THE NETWORK 3. ADVANTAGES
INTRODUCTION Biometrics is the term given to the use of biological traits or behavioral characteristics to identify an individual. The traits may be fingerprints, hand geometry, facial geometry, retina patterns, voice recognition, and handwriting recognition. If this system is employed the elections would be fair and free from rigging.
DESIGN1. Scanning- Using DSP Processor2. Searching- Searching the database3. Networking- All the election booths are connected in a network4. Data transfer– Using telephone lines
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
1.DESCRIPTION OF THE VOTINGMACHINE:
BLOCK DIAGRAM FOR THE WHOLE PROCESSIN BRIEF:
1.1.FINGER PRINT SCANNER: FINGER PRINT SENSOR: This is used to scan the thumb impression. A/D CONVERTER: This is used to convert the analog data into the digital data and transfer it to the processor. FLASH ROM: This is for the storage of the data temporarily in the DSP processor. DSP CHIP: This is used to receive the data and process it. USB PORT: The sole purpose of the USB port is to establish a communication link between the DSP processor and the MEMORY (DATABASE).
1.1.1.EXTRACTION OF THUMBIMPRESSION:
1.2.FEATURE EXTRACTION ANDCOMPARISON SCANNING AND PROCESSING
1.3.TRANSFER OF PROCESSED DATA TOTHE HARD DISK: The data which is processed in the DSP chip (finger print) is transferred in parallel to the HARD DISK for searching process. The image transferred to the HARD DISK is compared with that of the DATA BASE.
1.4.VARIOUS PROCESSES VERIFICATIONOF VOTERS:
1.5.PROCESSING AND COUNTING:
1.6.REJECTION OF VOTERREPETITION
2.FORMATION OF THE NETWORK The voting machines present in a town are interlinked in the form of a highly secure LAN. This network is formed with the help of the telephone lines. All the data collected in the voting system is first stored in the voting machine itself. Then it is sent to the HOST which will be located at headquarters of the town. All the data is collected there and it is transferred to the main HOST.
2.1.FORMATION OF THE NETWORKIN A TOWN:
3. ADVANTAGES: The system is highly reliable and secure. In the long run the maintenance cost is very less when compared to the present systems. Illegal practices like rigging in elections can be checked for. It is possible to get instantaneous results and with high accuracy.
CONCLUSION: Thus the advent of this biometric thumb impression voting system would enable hosting of fair elections in India. This will preclude the illegal practices like rigging. The citizens can be sure that they alone can choose their leaders, thus exercising their right in the democracy.
References: O.B. Akan, J. Fang, I.F. Akyildiz, Biometrics Hardware. I. F. Akyildiz, O. B. Akan, C. Chen, J. Fang, and W. Su, “Biometrics Internet” State-of-the-art and research challenges