Where and howinformation andcommunicationtechnology cancontribute to theimprovement ofhealth care
Obtain,Manage andUse informationto improvehealth careand medical servicesperformance,governance,managementandsupport process.
What is INFORMATIONWhat is INFORMATION ??A billion $ Questionis
?From where do we beginInformation Technology in Healthcare
What is in the center for us ?◦ HOSPITAL or PATIENT….
Begin withInformation Technology inHealthcarePatient
Present Methodology ofMedical assistance to Patient1.Patient record : Manual2.Patient Prescription :manual3.Periodic checkup aftermedical aid: Patient has tomaintain4.Drug purchase : searchesand purchases frommarkets.
Transform the Present Methodologyof Medical assistance to PatientUsing ICT1.Patient record : E-record on smart cardavailable online or mail.2.Patient Prescription : pdf format smartphone/ web view3.Periodic checkup after medical aid: UseSMS, e-mails, voice calls4.Drug purchase : Pharmacy store tomaintain the stocks and ,SMS, e-mails,B2B Purchase
Health Smart CardsSecureSave time - money -lives.Improve - security and privacy of patientinformationProvide - secure carrier for portablemedical recordsReduce - healthcare fraud,Support - Portability of medical records,Provide - secure access to emergencymedical information,Enable - compliance with governmentinitiativesHelps - administrative process andclaiming speed.
The Medco Pharmacymobile app is built onMedcos My Rx Choicesprescription savings andpatient safety program,To use the app, patientsmust first register atthe Medco website.Once registered, theirmedication histories anddrug plans are madeavailable online.
Where HIT Needs To BeI/P LabSystemRadiologySystemHosp. BillingSystemPt. RegistrationSystemHospitalInterfaceI/P PharmacySystemO/P PharmacySystemsHome HealthSystemO/P LabSystemElec. Med.RecordOffice BillingSystemMD OfficeInterfacePt. ReportedData(On-Line Dx)(QOL Data)(Compliance)MasterInterfaceEngine
Converging Data Streams ShouldConverging Data Streams ShouldDrive Clinical AutomationDrive Clinical AutomationComputerizedPatient RecordConsumerDecision SupportClinicalDecision SupportSOURCE: Health Futures, Inc.Molecular(Genetic characterof self-pathogens)Organ Systems(Anatomic detail)Interventions(Orders, meds,procedures)Tissues(Metabolism,pathology)Cellular(Types, counts,receptors)
Better Day HealthThe Better Day Health app is aWeb-based, patient-centeredhealth and practicemanagement software platformthat is designed to driveimprovements in patient carequality, coordination, andcollaboration. The platform wasdeveloped by VoiceHIT, and itcombines predictive modelingand third-party applications anddevices to turn patient data intoactionable information.It isprimarily used by healthcare pro
Expert system Expert SystemsEncoding the knowledge of human experts andapplying it in goal-directed reasoningNeural Networks, Machine Learning in biomedicaldomainsMedical InformaticsMedical Informatics
Anatomy of an expert systemKnowledge baseInference engineBlackboardlanguageprocessorjustifierfactsrulesinterpreterschedulerconsistencyenforcerplanagendasolutionUSERMedical InformaticsMedical Informatics
Expert Systems◦Examples:Medical DiagnosisEvent monitoring in clinicalsystems - decision support viaMedical Logic ModulesGenetic motif detection inmolecular sequence andmolecular structure databases
Bioinformatics◦Molecular sequence andstructure databases◦Similarity (homology)detectionCorrelation of molecularand clinical events
Interactive, Immediate and SpecificFeedback, Individually Tailored Instruction,Objective Testing, and EntertainingSelf-Directed LearningDiscretion of Content, Time, Place, andPace of Instruction.One’s Own Level of Knowledge, Specific toProblem-Solving
On-Line Discussion Groups -Difficult CasesOn-Line Journal ClubsCMEScientific PostersTelemedicineStreaming
Research & Manuscript PreparationPatient Care & Clinical ProblemSolvingLower the Hospital Cost with ShortStayChoose Diagnostic TestsSelect and Implement BestTreatment PlanEasy, Effective, Efficient, andEconomical