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Nano Track - Global Aircraft Tracking System
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Nano Track - Global Aircraft Tracking System

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A framework for Global Aircraft Tracking System is presented. The concept is response to “industry's antiquated tracking” publicly reviled by Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 mysterious disappearance. …

A framework for Global Aircraft Tracking System is presented. The concept is response to “industry's antiquated tracking” publicly reviled by Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 mysterious disappearance. This device will be as small as navigation light and will consume less electricity . It will work in ghost mode like “black boxes” to prevent accidently or deliberately switch-off . It is well known, the weak point of any tracking system is the communication link. Nano track will use its own Nanosatellite Communication Network .
Minimalistic communication, 3U form factor CubeSat, and wide us off-the-shelf components will minimize development time and cost. We expect the system to be affordable not only for old civil aviation fleet but also for general aviation.

Published in: Engineering, Business, Technology

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  • 1. Redundant, Global, Continuous aircraft tracking system
  • 2. Fills the gap between ‘last known position’ and actual location
  • 3. Frustrating operation in search of vanished MH 370 revealed a severe gap in global airspace control The state-of-art Boing 777 actually disappeared en route in busy airspace of South China Sea long before to plunge in remote South Indian Ocean We have a strong indication for system problem. Therefore, it couldn’t be resolved within current paradigm. "It is hard for anyone to imagine that we can't continuously track aircraft anywhere in the world."Peter Roberts, Royal United Services Institute
  • 4. Even the GPS is global by its definition, the most of communications are not The “Next” airspace surveillance systems under development kept rudiments of their origin from radar transponders Backward compatibility is surely necessary for Air Traffic Control but not for an independent redundant tracking system “… many experts were dismayed that long-awaited improvements to the industry's antiquated tracking system hadn't happened in time.” [BBC News, April 2014]
  • 5. Regulatory pressure had failed again to chance situation (ref. recent IATA reports) The emerging commercial space initiative may offer a viable solution of evident need of upgrading tracking systems in short terms Indeed, the regulations had to be upgraded too, but any regulatory prescriptions must be based on available technical solutions “Once the search is completed, attention is likely to turn to improving the tracking technology.” [BBC News ]
  • 6. The weak point of any tracking system is its communication link Existing global satellite communication networks simply couldn’t adsorb data traffic associated with continuous tracking of tenths of thousands flights To be commercially viable and acceptable for most of end users the cost per tracking point must be reduced several orders in magnitude
  • 7. Save lives awaiting rescue in unknown remote locations Save the face of modern technology Real world application of eruptive developments of nanosatellites, digital signal processing and communications Provide airlines, leasing and insurance companies, marketer strategists etc. with near real time and structured tracking data
  • 8. Fully autonomous GNSS - INS + simplex uplink Data streaming via Application Specific Nano-satellite based network Self-powered (solar or ram turbine + buffer battery) Externally mounted firing module
  • 9. Self organized asynchronous TDMA One-way communication Very short burst ~100µs High pulse power 10÷100W Low average power consumption <50 mW Higher signal-to-noise ratio and power efficiency S or C band 5 MHz badwith channel
  • 10. Cubsat S3 formfactor Magnetorquer attitude control MHD plasma thruster Smart receiver antenna Nadir spin stabilized Ka band intersatellite communication
  • 11. Minimum cost/development time High redundancy Increasing number of satellites along with subscribers increasing Mass production Reliability/cost optimization
  • 12. To broadcast continuously airplane position, and essential status data via satellite network. To be always ON in flight and to require no operator intervention or even preclude it. To be fully autonomous and as possible independent from other airplane systems, To be self-contained and self powered. Simple, reliable, affordable. Easy to install on existing planes with no significant modifications and heavy licensing.
  • 13. Commercially savvy rather institutionally backed Inherently Internet integrated Developed in close collaboration with end users of tracking information on commercial basis Backup of ATC surveillance systems Rescue operations integrated Designed for the future challenges: UAV revolution, personal flits, commercial spaceplanes…
  • 14. Albert Einstein