LEGEND OF INDIAN ARMY...

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HISTORY OF INDO-PAK WARS.....
ACCURACY OF THE DATA ARE 75% ACCURATE AS PER ALL AVAILABLE REFERENCES......... SINCERE THANKS TO, GOOGLE,WIKIPEDIA , AND ALL WEBSITES PROVIDED INFORMATION.....

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  • View http://pramanick.blogspot.in/2012/04/musing-over-bangladesh-1971.html for Pak defeat in 1971
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  • I dont know the procedures or any copy right acts... But want do some thing as an india.. i express my sincear thanks to , google, wikipedia ,India army ,National Cadet Core, Mathrubhumi News paper ,And several other websites provided informations for my work...This slide contains a lot of spelling mistakes aswell as gramatical errors... But the data given are 75% accurate as per all available resourses.....If any one have any kind of suggestions pls do share through your comment... PLS DO NOT USE THIS AS A PLACE FOR ABUSING ANY ONE...
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LEGEND OF INDIAN ARMY...

  1. 1. WAR OR PEACE THE MISSION NEVER ENDS
  2. 2.  1947/OCTOBER/21 - 1948/DECEMBER/31 PASHTHOON TRIBE AND PAKISTHAN ARMY INVADED KASHMIR KASHMIR MAHARAJ - HARI SING REQUESTED INDIAN HELP HENCE INSTRUMENT OF ACCESION WAS SIGNED AND KASHMIR BECAME A PART OF INDIA INDIAN MILITERY WENT ON ACTION DECCOTTA AIRCRAFTS OF INDIAN AIR FORCE CARRYING ARMED PERSONALS LANDED SREENAGAR
  3. 3. • INDIAN ARMY DEFENTEDTHE PAKISTHAN INVASION BARAMULLA , URI , DRASS SECTORS WERE RECAPTURED • IN 1947 NOVEMBER FIRST WEEK HIGH ALTITUDE AREAS SURROUNDING POONCHTOWN WERE OCCUPIED BY PAKISTHANITROOPS •JAMMU KASHMIR RIFFLE TROOPERS (1400 IN STRENGTH) ALONG WITH THE LOCAL KASHMIRI VILLEGERS AND REFUGEES (AROUND 40,000) FROM OTHER PAK OCCUPIED KASHMIR SECTORS LEAD A SURRVIVAL MISSION AROUND ONE YEAR
  4. 4. •ON NOVEMBER 21 1948 BRG: PRITHAM SINGH ALONG WITH 419 GHUMAYOON REGIMENT SOLDIERS ENTERD POONCH • UNDERTAKING THE COMMAND OF POONCH SECTOR , HE ALONG WITH LOCAL SUPPORT USED AVAILABLE RESOURCES TO CONSTRUCT ADVANCE LANDIG GROUND •BY DECEMBER SECOND WEEK 1948 DECCOTA AIRCRACTS OF IAF CAME FOR RESCUE
  5. 5. •AROUND 2100 SQ KM AREA WAS RE CAPTURED •THE CODE NAME GIVEN FOR THIS MISSION WAS OPERATION EASY AND BRG: PRITHAM SINGH IS KNOWN AS SAVIOR OF POONCH
  6. 6. • BY THE BEGINNING OF 1948 SKURD SECTOR WAS CAPTURED BY PAKISTHAN • FURTHERTHEY SET MARCHTO LEH • TO DEFENDTHEM MAJOR : PRITHI CHAND WITH DOGRA REGIMENTVOLENTERS (40 IN NUMBER), SECCUAREDTHE ZOGI – LA PASS ON MARCH 8
  7. 7. •DISREGARDING THE BONE FREESINGTEMPERATURE AND HEAVY SNOW FALL ,THETEAM DEFENDEDTHE PAKISTHAN INVASION •INDIAN PRESSENCE IN KARGIL SECTOR WAS LIMITED • UTTILISINGTHIS OPPORTUNITY PAK RIDERS (ATRIBEL MILITERY GROUP) SUPPORTED BY HEAVY SHELLING INVADED KARGIL ON 1948 MAY 10 • BUT THIS PROGRESS WASTEMPORARY • ON 1948 NOVEMBER 23 , SOLDIERS OF GOORKHA RIFFELS RECAPTURED KARGIL
  8. 8.  INORDERTO RECAPTURE ZOGI – LA , DRASS SECTORS INDIAN ARMY PLANNED AN OPERATION WICH WAS CODE NAMED AS OPERATION BISON  M 5TANKS WERE DISMANTILLED AND CARRIED TOTHE WAR ZONE AND LATTER RECOMBINED  ON 1 NOVEMBER 1948 INDIAN ARMY FACED PAKISTHANITROOPS WITH 3.7 INCH GUNS AND Q.F 25 POWNDER GUNS
  9. 9.  UN GENERAL COUNSIL ORDERD BOTH COUNTRIES T O CEASE FIRE  ON JANUARY- 1 – 1948 FIRST INDIA – PAK WAR COMES TO AN END  KASHMIR WAS TORN INTO 2 PARTS AN END OF A WAR BUT A BEGINING OF ANOTHER
  10. 10. KASHMIR AFTER 1948
  11. 11.  BORNED ON 1899 IN KARNATAKA  IT WAS HIM WHO PLANNED THE OPERATION BISON AND OPERATION EASY  FOR HIS GREAT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ARMY HE WAS GIVEN THE RANK OF FIELD MARSHEL
  12. 12. FIELD MARSHEL : K.M KARIYAPPA (1899-1993)
  13. 13.  OPERATION GIBRALTER  Pakistan believed that the population of KASHMIR was generally discontented with Indian rule and that a resistance movement could be ignited by a few infiltrating saboteurs  Pakistan attempted to ignite the resistance movement by means of a covert infiltration, codenamed OPERATION GIBRALTER
  14. 14. •On August 5, 1965 between 26,000 and 33,000 Pakistani soldiers crossed the LINE OF CONTROLL dressed as Kashmiri locals headed for various areas within Kashmir •The Pakistani infiltrators were soon discovered, however , their presence reported by local Kashmir's and the operation ended in a complete failure. •Indian forces, tipped off by the local populace, crossed the cease fire line on August 15 •This mission was lead by MAJOR.GEN. AKTHAR HUSSAIN MALIK & SSG COMMANDOS .
  15. 15. • Initially, The Indian Army met with considerable success, capturing three important mountain positions after a prolonged artillery barrage . • By the end of August , however , both sides had relative progress ; Pakistan had made progress in areas such as Tithwal , Uri and Poonch and India had captured the Haji Pir Pass , 8 km into Pakistan- Administered Kashmir
  16. 16.  On 1 September 1965 , Pakistan launched a counterattack , called Operation Grand Slam , with the objective to capture the vital town of Akhnoor in Jammu , which would sever communications and cut off supply routes to Indian troops.
  17. 17. • Attacking with an overwhelming ratio of troops and technically superior tanks , Pakistan made gains against Indian forces , who were caught unprepared and suffered heavy losses • Indian Patton tanks ( French – A M S 13) suffered heavy loss due to Pakistan's American made tank attacks
  18. 18.  OPERATION GRAND SLAM WAS LEAD BY MAJOR.GEN: AKTHAR HUSSAIN MALIK  BUT ON SEPTEMBER 2 -1965 , PAK-PRESIDENT AYOOB KHAN APPOINTED MAJOR.GEN:YAHYA KHAN ASTHE COMMANDER OFTHE OPERATION  THIS SUDDEN CHANGE INTHE COMMANDIG CREATED A CONFUSION AMONG PAKISTHANI FORCES  THE OPERATIONWAS HAULTED FOR A DAY
  19. 19. •THIS CONFUSION GAVE 24 HOUR TIME TO THE INDIAN MILITERY TO RE -ENFORCE • ON SEPTEMBER - 3- 1965 , WHEN PAKISTHAN RESUMED THE OPERATION THEY WERE DEFENTED STONGLY BY RE- ENFORCED INDIAN FORCES • PAK DEFEAT WAS SERTAIN •ON SEPTEMBER-6-1965 INDIAN ARMY OPENED A NEW PHASE TO THE WAR •INDIAN FORCES CROSSED THE LOC OVER PUNJAB
  20. 20. • PAKISTHAN INORDER TO DEFEND INDIAN INVASION OVER PUNJAB HAD TO WITHDRAW FORCES FROM KASHMIR • HENCE OPERATION GRAND SLAM FAILED
  21. 21.  ON SEPTEMBER 6 INDIAN FORCES LEAD BY MAJOR.GEN:PRASAD CROSSED LOC OVER PUNJAB  THEY CAPTURED LAHORE AND SURROUNDING PLACES WITHIN 3 DAYS  INDIAN FORCES COVERING AN DISTANCE OF 130 KM AHEAD LAHORE , FAUGHT WITH PAKISTHAN ARMY FOR CONTINEOUS 6 DAYS IN SIALKOTT (17-22)
  22. 22.  225 INDIANTANKS OF 1 ARMOR DIVISION REACHED CHAVIND IN SIALKOTT DISTRICT  THE MISSION WAS TO TAKE CONTROLL OF GRAND TRUNK ROAD AND BREAK PAKISTHANI SUPPLY LINES  BUT PAKISTHAN DEFEATED INDIAN ATTEMPWITH 282 TANKS
  23. 23.  ON SEPTEMBER 8 PAKISTAN’S 1ARMOUR DIVISSION ONTHE MISSIONTO CAPTURE AMRITHSIR FOUGHTWITH INDIAN FORCES IN KHENKHARAN VILLAGE IN PUNJAB  INDIAN FORCES SURROUNDEDTHE ENEMY FROM 3 SIDES AND FOUGHT  THIS BATTLE WAS CALLED ASSAL UTTHAR ( RIGHT ANSWER)
  24. 24. • AROUND 97 PAKISTHANI TANKS WERE DISTROYED SEVERAL OTHER CAPTURED • CAPTURED PAKISTHANI TANKS ARE STILL EXIBITTED •THE LAND WHICH BECAME THE SEMETRY OF PAK TANKS ARE STILL KNOWN AS PATTON NAGAR • PARVES MUSHEREF , FORMRE PAK MILITERY GENERAL AND PRESIDENT FOUGHT THIS BATTLE AS A LEUTANENT
  25. 25. • DISTROYED 7 PAKISTHANI TANKS ALONE USING RECOIL LEAD GUN • HIS MATRYDOM WAS PRAISED BYTHE COUNTRY BY OFFERING PARAMVIR CHAKRA
  26. 26.  The war saw aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) engaging in combat for the first time since independence  The IAF was flying large numbers of Hawker Hunter, Indian-manufactured Folland Gnats, de Havilland Vampires, EE Canberra bombers and a squadron of MiG- 21s.
  27. 27. • The PAF's fighter force comprised 102 F-86F Sabres and 12 F-104 Starfighters, along with 24 B-57 Canberra bombers. During the conflict the PAF was out-numbered by around 5:1. • The two countries have made contradictory claims of combat losses during the war and few neutral sources have verified the claims of either country.The PAF claimed it shot down 104 IAF planes and lost 19 of its own, while the IAF claimed it shot down 73 PAF planes and lost 59
  28. 28. PAK F 86 SABER
  29. 29. Indian Folland Gnat on display at the PAF Museum Gallery.
  30. 30.  INORDER TO DISTROY IAF BASES , PAK SPECIAL SERVICE GROUP COMMANDOS WERE PARA DROPPED OVER HALVARA , PATHANCODE AND ADHAM PUR ON SEPTEMBER 7  THIS MISSION WA S A FAILURE 20 COMMANDOS WERE KILLED , 93 WERE CAPTURED AND OTHER 22 ESCAPED TO PAKISTHAN
  31. 31.  ON SEPTEMBER 7 COSTEL TOWN , DWARAKA IN GUJARATH WAS ATTAKED BY PAK NAVY  7 MISSILE BOATS FROM KARACHI PORT TOOK PART IN THE MISSION  THEIR OBJECTIVE WAS THE INDIAN RADAR STATIONS IN THE TOWN  BUT THE ATTAK WAS NOT ENOUGH TOTAMPER THE RADAR STATIONS
  32. 32.  DUE TO THE CONTINEUS EFFORTS OF UNITED STATES & SOVEIT UNION ,THE SECOND INDIA - PAK WAR CAME TO AN END  ON 22 -SEPTEMBER 1965 UN SECURITY COUNCIL ORDERD CEASE FIRE BETWEEN BOTH COUNTRIES  ON THE VERY NEXT DAYTHEWAR COMES TO AN END
  33. 33. • ON 1966 JANUARY 10 THE PEACE TREATY WAS SIGNED BY INDIAN PRIME MINISTER LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI AND PAK PRESIDENT MUHAMMED AYOOB KHAN AT THASHKENT • BOTH COUNTRIES HAVE TO RETURN TO THE PRE WAR LOC BEFORE 25 FEBRUARY WASTHE MAIN POINT INTHE AGREEMENT • ON THE VERY NEXT DAY AFTER SIGNINGTHE TREATY P.M LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI DIED DUETO HEAR ATTACK
  34. 34. •THE AREAS CAPTURED BY EACH OTHER WAS GIVEN BACK •INDIA HAD CAPTURED 1840 sq KM AREA AND PAKISTHAN HAD CAPTURED 540 sq KM AREA •INDIA LOST 3000 &PAKISTHAN LOST 3800 MEN
  35. 35.  The Bangladesh Liberation war ignited after the 1970 Pakistani election, in which the East Pakistani Awami League won 167 of 169 seats in East Pakistan and secured a simple majority in the 313-seat lower house of the Parliament of Pakistan. Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman presented the Six Points to the President of Pakistan and claimed the right to form the government. After the leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, refused to yield the premiership of Pakistan to Mujibur, PresidentYahya Khan called the military, dominated by West Pakistanis, to suppress dissent
  36. 36. • Mass arrests of dissidents began , and attempts were made to disarm East Pakistani soldiers and police. After several days of strikes and non-cooperation movements , the Pakistani military cracked down on Dhaka on the night of 25 March 1971. The Awami League was banished , and many members fled into exile In India. Mujib was arrested on the night of 25–26 March 1971 at about 1:30 a.m. (as per Radio Pakistan’s news on 29 March 1971) and taken to West Pakistan. The next action carried out was Operation Searchlight , an attempt to kill th e intellectual elite of the east.
  37. 37. •On 27 March 1971, Ziaur Rahman, a major in the Pakistani army, declared the independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Mujibur. In April, exiled Awami League leaders formed a government-in- exile in Baidyanathtala of Meherpur.The East Pakistan Rifles, a paramilitary force, defected to the rebellion. Bangladesh Force namely Mukti Bahini consisting of Niyomito Bahini (Regular Force) and Gono Bahini (Guerilla Force) was formed under the Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) General Mohammad Ataul Ghani Osmany
  38. 38.  The Pakistan army conducted a widespread genocide against the Bengali population of East Pakistan,aimed in particular at the minority Hindu population,[leading to approximately 10 million people fleeing East Pakistan and taking refuge in the neighbouring Indian statesThe East Pakistan- India border was opened to allow refugees safe shelter in India.The governments of West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Meghalaya andTripura established refugee camps along the border.The resulting flood of impoverished East Pakistani refugees placed an intolerable strain on India's already overburdened economy.
  39. 39. • General Tikka Khan earned the nickname 'Butcher of Bengal' due to the widespread atrocities he committed •The Indian government repeatedly appealed to the international community , but failing to elicit any response , Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on 27 March 1971 expressed full support ofer government for the independence struggle of the people of EAST PAKISTHAN •The Indian leadership under Prime Minister Gandhi quickly decided that it was more effective to end the genocide by taking armed action against Pakistan than to simply give refuge to those who made it across to refugee camps
  40. 40. • Exiled East Pakistan army officers and members of the Indian Intelligence immediately started using these camps for recruitment and training of Mukti Bahini guerrillas • The mood inWest Pakistan had also turned increasingly jingoistic and militaristic against East Pakistan and India. By the end of September, an organised propaganda campaign, possibly orchestrated by elements within the Government of Pakistan, resulted in stickers proclaiming Crush India becoming a standard feature on the rear windows of vehicles in Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Lahore and soon spread to the rest of West Pakistan. By October, other stickers proclaimed Hang theTraitor in an apparent reference to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  41. 41.  On 23 November,Yahya Khan declared a state of emergency in all of Pakistan and told his people to prepare for war.  India responded by starting a massive buildup of Indian forces on the border with East Pakistan.The Indian military waited until December, when the drier ground would make for easier operations and Himalayan passes would be closed by snow, preventing any Chinese intervention.
  42. 42.  On the evening of 3 December Sunday, at about 5:40 p.m.,the Pakistani Air Force (PAF) launched a pre-emptive strike on eleven airfields in north- western India, including Agra which was 300 miles (480 km) from the border  This preemptive strike known as Operation Chengiz Khan, was inspired by the success of Israeli Operation Focus in the Arab-Israeli
  43. 43. •The Indian Air Force responded with initial air strikes that very night.These air strikes were expanded to massive retaliatory air strikes the next morning and thereafter which followed interceptions by Pakistanis anticipating this action •This marked the official start of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered the immediate mobilisation of troops and launched the full-scale invasion. •This involved Indian forces in a massive coordinated air, sea, and land assault. Indian Air Force started flying sorties against Pakistan from midnight.The main Indian objective on the western front was to prevent Pakistan from entering Indian soil.
  44. 44.  INORDER TO CAPTURE INDIAN POST IN LONGEWALA VILLAGE, RAJASTHAN;PAKISTHAN ARMY CONISTING OF 65 PATTONTANKS AND 2800 INFENTRY SOLDIERS REACHEDTHE INDIAN LOC AT DECEMBER 4-1971 MID NIGHT  AT THAT TIME THERE WERE 90 PUNJAB REGIMENT SOLDIERS AND 30 BSF PERSONAL GUARDING THE POST
  45. 45. •THEY HAD ONLY 2 OPTIONS EITHERTO FIGHT ORTO RUN • SINCE IT WAS MID NIGHT INDIAN AIRFORCE WAS UNABLE TO HELP •THE INDIAN TEAM WITHINTHE LIMITEDTIMETO DEFEND , LAYED ANTI TANK MINES ALL OVERTHE POST •WITHTHE HELP OF RECOIL LEAD GUN THEY ATTAKED PAKTANKS • 12TANKS WERE SHOT DOWN USINGTHE GUN
  46. 46. • TEAM LEAD BY PUNJAB REGIMENT MAJOR: KULDEEP SINGH CHANDRAPURI DEFENDED THE INDIAN POST • BY THE DAWN INDIAN AIR FORCE CAME TO HELP • 36 PAKTANKS WERE DISTROYED AND 200 PAK SOLDIERS WERE KILLED • INDIA LOST 2 MEN HENCE PAKISTHAN MISSION TO CAPTURE INDIAN SOIL FAILED
  47. 47.  Pakistan's PNS Ghazi sank off the fairway buoy ofVisakhapatnam near the eastern coast of India, making it the first submarine casualty in the waters around the Indian subcontinent
  48. 48.  The Indian Navy, under the command ofVice Admiral S.N. Kohli, successfully attacked Karachi's port in OperationTrident on the night of 4–5 December, using missile boats, sinking Pakistani destroyer PNS Khyber and a minesweeper PNS Muhafiz; PNS Shah Jahan was badly damaged.720 Pakistani sailors were killed or wounded, and Pakistan lost reserve fuel and many commercial ships, thus crippling the Pakistan Navy's further involvement in the conflict.
  49. 49.  OperationTrident was followed by Operation Python on the night of 8–9 December, in which Indian missile boats attacked the Karachi port, resulting in further destruction of reserve fuel tanks and the sinking of three Pakistani merchant ships.
  50. 50.  After the initial preemptive strike, PAF adopted a defensive stance in response to the Indian retaliation  As the war progressed, the Indian Air Force continued to battle the PAF over conflict zones  The PAF played a more limited part in the operations, and were reinforced by F-104s from Jordan, Mirages from an unidentified Middle Eastern ally (probably Libya) and by F-86s from Saudi Arabia
  51. 51.  16 December 1971 Pakistan attacked at several places along India's western border with Pakistan, but the Indian army successfully held their positions.  The Indian Army quickly responded to the Pakistan Army's movements in the west and made some initial gains, including capturing around 5,500 square miles (14,000 km2) of Pakistan territory
  52. 52.  On the eastern front, the Indian Army joined forces with the Mukti Bahini to form the Mitro Bahini ("Allied Forces"); Unlike the 1965 war which had emphasised set-piece battles and slow advances, this time the strategy adopted was a swift, three-pronged assault of nine infantry divisions with attached armoured units and close air support that rapidly converged on Dhaka, the capital of East Pakistan.
  53. 53.  Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora, who commanded the eighth, twenty-third, and fifty- seventh divisions, led the Indian thrust into East Pakistan.  Faced with insurmountable losses, the Pakistani military capitulated in less than a fortnight. On 16 December, the Pakistani forces stationed in East Pakistan surrendered.
  54. 54.  In 1972 the Simla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan, the treaty ensured that Pakistan recognised the independence of Bangladesh in exchange for the return of the Pakistani POWs. India treated all the POWs in strict accordance with the Geneva Convention, rule 1925.  The accord also gave back more than 13,000 km² of land that Indian troops had seized in West Pakistan during the war, though India retained a few strategic areas.
  55. 55.  INORDERTO BRING SIEACHIN UNDER CONTROLL PAKISTHAN PLANNED A MISSION  BY DECODING THIS PLAN , INDIAN INTELIGENCE WARNEDTHE GOVERNMENT  ON 1984 APRIL 13, LT.GEN:PREM NATH AND TEAMWERE PARA DROPPED INTHE GLACEAR  WITHIN A FEW DAYS PAK ARMY REACHED THE ZONE AND CAPTURED A FEW POINTS
  56. 56.  SUPPORTED BY HEAVY SHELLING PAK FORCES UNDERTHE COMMANDING OF BRIG: PARVES MUSHEREF CAPTURED A FEW INDIAN POSTS IN SIACHIN IN 1987  BY COUNTER ATTACK CODENAMEDAS OPERATION RAJIVE IDIAN ARMY RECAPTURED INDIAN POSTS AND SOME PAKISTHANI POSTS
  57. 57.  INDIAN ARMY SUBAIDAR BANA SINGH CLIMBED 1500 FT TALL STEEP MOUNTAIN AND CAPTURED AN PAKISTHANI POST  THIS POST WAS GIVEN HIS NAME
  58. 58.  May 3, 1999 - Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds  May 5- Indian Army patrol sent up; Five Indian soldiers captured and tortured to death.  May 9- Heavy shelling by Pakistan Army damages ammunition dump in Kargil  May 10- Infiltrations first noticed in Dras, Kaksar and Mushkoh sectors
  59. 59.  Mid-May- Indian Army moves in more troops from KashmirValley to Kargil Sector  May 26-IAF launches air strikes against infiltrators  May 27-IAF loses two fighters — MiG-21 and MiG-27;. Flt Lt Nachiketa taken POW  May 28-IAF MI-17 shot down by Pakistan; four air crew dead
  60. 60.  June 6 -Indian Army launches major offensive in Kargil  June 9-Indian Army re-captures two key positions in the Batalic sector  June 11-India releases intercepts of conversation between Pakistani Army Chief Gen Pervez Musharraf, while on a visit to China and Chief of General Staff Lt Gen Aziz Khan in Rawalpindi, as proof of Pakistani Army’s involvement
  61. 61.  June 13-Indian Army secures Dras  June 29-Indian Army captures two vital posts Point 5060 and Point 5100 nearTiger Hill  July 2-Indian Army launches three-pronged attack in Kargil  July 4-Indian Army recapturesTiger Hill after an 11-hour battle
  62. 62.  July 5-Indian Army takes control of Dras. Sharif announces Pakistani army’s withdrawal from Kargil following his meeting with Clinton  July 7-India recaptures Jubar Heights in Batalik  July 11-Pakistan begins pullout; India captures key peaks in Batalik
  63. 63.  July 16-Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee declares OperationVijay a success. Government sets condition for talks with Pakistan  July 26-Kargil conflict officially comes to an end. Indian Army announces complete eviction of Pak intruders
  64. 64. .
  65. 65. JAI HIND

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