PSYCHIATRIC NURSING  MADE BY VISHAL JAMES. MSC.NURSING PSYCHIATRIC
Introduction to Psychiatry           พูนศรี รังษีขจี     ภาควิชาจิตเวชศาสตร์ คณะ  แพทยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น
Psychiatry   psyche the Greek for soul/mind and    iatros for healer   Psychiatry = healer of the spirit   Greek mythol...
Psyche
Psychiatry   medical specialty   dealing with the prevention, assessment,    diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of...
Primary goal   relief of mental suffering and    improvement of mental well-being   first doing a thorough diagnostic   ...
Mental health professionals   Psychiatrists   Psychologists   Psychotherapists   Psychiatric nurses   Clinical social...
Psychologist   specialize in the research and clinical    application of psychological technique   Clinical psychology /...
Mental health counselors   Therapists that may hold a Ph.D., a    master’s degree or a bachelor’s    degree   Marital an...
Psychiatry in professional practice   Psychiatrists   Medical doctors   specialize and are certified in treating    men...
Psychiatrists as medical professionalroles   evaluate the patient for any medical    problems or diseases that may be the...
Psychiatrists (others roles)   some only perform research and/or    work in an academic setting   may only hold research...
Psychiatric subspecialties   Child and adolescent psychiatry: child and    adolescent psychiatrist   Adult psychiatry  ...
Psychiatric subspecialties   Emergency psychiatry   Addiction psychiatry   Forensic psychiatry: forensic    psychiatris...
Other subspecialties   Psychopharmacology   Neuropsychiatry   Psychoneuroendocrinology   psychoneuroimmunology   Cros...
Diagnostic systems of psychiatricdisorders   ICD-10 (    International Classification of Diseases    )   the World Healt...
DSM :has five axes   Axis I: Psychiatric disorders   Axis II: Personality disorders / mental    retardation   Axis III:...
Psychiatric treatment   In the past, psychiatric patients were    often hospitalized for six months or more,    with some...
Outpatient care   periodically visit for consultation   Office base   usually 30 - 60 mins   psychiatric practitioner ...
Inpatient care
Inpatient care   admitted to a hospital, sometimes involuntarily   criteria for involuntary admission vary with    juris...
A multidisciplinary team treatmentA multidisciplinary team treatment             Psy’ist   CLI.Psy        Psy’Nu          ...
Biomedical treatment
Biomedical treatmentElectroconvulsive therapy
Biomedical treatmentTrans-cranial magnetic stimulation
Psychological treatmentMeditation   Psychotherapy   Counselling
Psychological treatmentRelaxation therapy
Psychological treatmentGroup therapy
Psychiatric rehabilitation
Others :Music therapy
Art therapy/Aromatherapy
Art therapy
7 november-49 introduction to psychiatry
7 november-49 introduction to psychiatry
7 november-49 introduction to psychiatry
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7 november-49 introduction to psychiatry

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7 november-49 introduction to psychiatry

  1. 1. PSYCHIATRIC NURSING MADE BY VISHAL JAMES. MSC.NURSING PSYCHIATRIC
  2. 2. Introduction to Psychiatry พูนศรี รังษีขจี ภาควิชาจิตเวชศาสตร์ คณะ แพทยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น
  3. 3. Psychiatry psyche the Greek for soul/mind and iatros for healer Psychiatry = healer of the spirit Greek mythology Psyche :Eros
  4. 4. Psyche
  5. 5. Psychiatry medical specialty dealing with the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of mental illness in itself and in bodily illness (psychiatry in medicine) Clinical depression,bipolar disorder,schizophrenia and anxiety disorders
  6. 6. Primary goal relief of mental suffering and improvement of mental well-being first doing a thorough diagnostic assessment of the person from a biological, psychological, and social/cultural perspective managed by medication or various forms of psychotherapy
  7. 7. Mental health professionals Psychiatrists Psychologists Psychotherapists Psychiatric nurses Clinical social workers Occupational therapists
  8. 8. Psychologist specialize in the research and clinical application of psychological technique Clinical psychology /Clinical psychologists Psychotherapist Educational psychologist Industrial psychologist
  9. 9. Mental health counselors Therapists that may hold a Ph.D., a master’s degree or a bachelor’s degree Marital and family therapists Marriage, family and child counselors Professional counselors Mental health counselors
  10. 10. Psychiatry in professional practice Psychiatrists Medical doctors specialize and are certified in treating mental illness using the biomedical approach (medications,electroconvulsive therapy,etc) may also go through significant training to conduct psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy
  11. 11. Psychiatrists as medical professionalroles evaluate the patient for any medical problems or diseases that may be the cause of the mental illness conduct physical examinations order and interpret laboratory tests and EEGs order brain imaging studies such as CT or CAT, MRI, and PET scanning
  12. 12. Psychiatrists (others roles) some only perform research and/or work in an academic setting may only hold research degrees or a combination of psychiatry doctorates (such as an M.D. and Ph.D.)
  13. 13. Psychiatric subspecialties Child and adolescent psychiatry: child and adolescent psychiatrist Adult psychiatry Psychiatry of Old Age (Psychogeriatrics): geriatric psychiatrists /psychogeriatricians( in the UK and Australia ) Learning disability Behavioral medicine Consultation-liaison psychiatry
  14. 14. Psychiatric subspecialties Emergency psychiatry Addiction psychiatry Forensic psychiatry: forensic psychiatrists Military psychiatry Industrial psychiatry:psychiatrists in the US (occupational psychology is the name used for the most similar discipline in the UK
  15. 15. Other subspecialties Psychopharmacology Neuropsychiatry Psychoneuroendocrinology psychoneuroimmunology Cross cultural psychiatry Community psychiatry Social psychiatry
  16. 16. Diagnostic systems of psychiatricdisorders ICD-10 ( International Classification of Diseases ) the World Health Organisation : used world wide In USA: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of M ( DSM IV-TR, 2000)
  17. 17. DSM :has five axes Axis I: Psychiatric disorders Axis II: Personality disorders / mental retardation Axis III: General medical conditions Axis IV: Social functioning and impact of symptoms Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (described using a scale from 1 to 100)
  18. 18. Psychiatric treatment In the past, psychiatric patients were often hospitalized for six months or more, with some cases involving hospitalization for many years Today, most psychiatric patients are managed as outpatients Average hospital stay is around 2-3 weeks (with only a small number of cases involving long-term hospitalization)
  19. 19. Outpatient care periodically visit for consultation Office base usually 30 - 60 mins psychiatric practitioner interviewing assessment of the patients condition provide psychotherapy or review medication frequency : varies widely, from days to months depending on the type, severity and stability of each patients condition, and on what the clinician and patient decide would be best
  20. 20. Inpatient care
  21. 21. Inpatient care admitted to a hospital, sometimes involuntarily criteria for involuntary admission vary with jurisdiction patients are assessed, monitored, and often given medication and receive care from a multidisciplinary team physicians, nurses, psychologists, occupational therapists, psychotherapists, social workers, and other medical professionals If necessary, they are prevented from harming themselves or others.
  22. 22. A multidisciplinary team treatmentA multidisciplinary team treatment Psy’ist CLI.Psy Psy’Nu SO Com. Psy.Nu OT Art,Music,Fam’ist
  23. 23. Biomedical treatment
  24. 24. Biomedical treatmentElectroconvulsive therapy
  25. 25. Biomedical treatmentTrans-cranial magnetic stimulation
  26. 26. Psychological treatmentMeditation Psychotherapy Counselling
  27. 27. Psychological treatmentRelaxation therapy
  28. 28. Psychological treatmentGroup therapy
  29. 29. Psychiatric rehabilitation
  30. 30. Others :Music therapy
  31. 31. Art therapy/Aromatherapy
  32. 32. Art therapy

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