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HISTORY OF MAHARASHTRA
Maratha period (1627-1680)
In the late 16th century regional Muslim powers like Nizamshahi, Adilshahi, and Qutubshahi established their prominence in the Deccan region.
Maloji Bhosle, grand father of Shivaji was a Sardar in the Nizamsahi Empire. Bahadur Nizam II offered him the prestige as “Raja” for his courage in the battle with Mughals
He was offered the estates of Pune and the fort of Chakan. This was the initial point of Maratha’s history. In 1629, Shivaji’s father Shahaji disengaged himself from the service of the Nizamshahi. This was the start of his lifelong struggle against Mughals and other Muslim powers. Shivaji had captured two forts and had the complete charge of Pune. In 1674, Shivaji was crowned as Chhatrapati, the traditional title of a Hindu Monarch at his capital Raigad.
Chhatrapati died in 1680, at the age of 53 but left the Maratha state which continued to play an important role in the Indian history for next 100 years. Peshwa Dynasty (1712-1818)
Bajirao Peshwa was the first ruler of the Peshwa dynasty.
His desire was to extend the Maratha Empire to North India.
During this period Raigad had regained its status as capital of Maratha Kingdom
The Peshwa dynasty ended to some extent in 1803 when British established their supremacy in the region.
Pre-Independence (British Raj) In the early 20th century the whole nation was against the British Raj and Pune witnessed violence when the Chaphekar brothers killed a British police officer by the name of Mr. Rand. Mahatma Gandhi had started his Non-Violence movement against the British Force and people of the state participated in this movement to dismiss the British power from the Indian soil. Finally India got her freedom in 1947.
Post-Independence (Modern Maharashtra)
After independence the western Maharashtra and Gujarat were joined to a single state called MUMBAI.
In 1960 it was separated on the basis of their languages.
The present Maharashtra state came into existence on 1st May, 1960 and MUMBAI was declared its capital.
Now it is “AAMCHI MUMBAI”
Maharashtra is the third largest state (in area) in India after Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, situated in the north centre of Indian peninsula.
It covers an area of 3,07,713 sq. km and is bordered by the states of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, Karnataka to the south and Goa to the southwest.
The state of Gujarat lies to the northwest, with the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched between the borders.
The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra's west coast.
Geographically, historically and according to political sentiments Maharashtra has five main regions:
Vidarbha or Berar (Nagpur and Amravati divisions).
Marathwada (Aurangabad Division).
Kandesh and Northern Maharashtra (Nasik Division).
Desh or Western Maharashtra (Pune division), and
Konkan (Konkan Division).
Maharashtra's legislature is bicameral, one of the few states in India to have a bicameral type.
The Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) is the lower house consisting of directly elected members.
Maharashtra has nineteen seats in the Rajya Sabha and forty-eight in the Lok Sabha, India's national parliament.
The political history of the state is dominated by the Congress Party. But the scenario changed in 1995 when the Shiv Sena and BJP coalition formed the government defeating Congress.
Again in 2004 election the NCP (Nationalist Congress Party) got largest number of seats, becoming the state’s largest party.
The state of Maharashtra is highly industrialized; still agriculture continues to be the main occupation of the rural people.
The major crops grown in the state include
rice, Jowar, Bajra, wheat, pulses, cotton, sugarcane, several oil seeds including sunflower, groundnut and soybean, turmeric, onions and other vegetables.
Maharashtra is also famous for its fruit production.
Area under agriculture Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
The culture of Maharashtra is an amalgamation of festivals, dances, music, art and crafts, foods and costumes.
All festivals in Maharashtra are celebrated with abundant fervor and enthusiasm.
The love for celebration is deeply ingrained in their culture and it finds expression through the various
occasions on the Maharashtrian calendar.
The foods of the state have distinguishing flavors and are prepared especially during festive occasions.
The Maharashtrian favorite or Cultural food is “PURAN POLI”.
In Maharashtra specially Ganesh Festival and Dipawali it is main festival.
AamchiMumbai is the Commercial Capital of INDIA.
Mumbai is the Capital of Maharashtra.
It is Famous for Time Management (local train basis)
Mumbai is famous for “DABBAWALA”
Get a sense of the city's colonial history in Colaba and Fort, home to the iconic Gateway of India and ornate High Court, and see ancient sculptures and miniature paintings in the Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum in Kala Ghoda.
Bandra-Worli Sea Link
Is a person in the Indian city of Mumbai whose job is to carry and deliver freshly made food from home in lunch boxes to office workers.
Tiffin is an old-fashioned English word for a light lunch, and sometimes for the box it is carried in Dabbawalas are sometimes called tiffin-wallas.
Though the work sounds simple, it is actually a highly specialized trade that is over a century old and which has become integral to Mumbai's culture.
The dabbawala originated when a person named Mahadeo Havaji Bachche started the lunch delivery service with about 100 men.
Indian businessmen are the main customers for the dabbawalas, and the service often includes cooking as well as delivery.
Dabbawala's function, everyone gets paid about two to four thousand rupees per month (around 25-50 British pounds or 40-80 US dollars).
More than 175,000 or 200,000 lunches get moved every day by an estimated 4,500 to 5,000 dabbawalas.
Owing to the tremendous publicity, some of the dabbawalas were invited to give guest lectures in top business schools of India
This city was one of the pivotal bases of the 17th century great Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji.
It was also the seat of power of the Peshwas, under whose influence Maratha power became a major political force.
Pune is fast becoming one of the major centres of industry and commerce in the country.
Kolhapur emerges as a modern industrial city with historical and mythical past.
Today the town is known for its diary industry.
It is one of the important pilgrimage centres of the state with numerous temples.
Kolhapur was ruled by the Hindu Yadava dynasty till 13th century. Later it was occupied by the Mughals; and finally Shivaji captured the town in 1675.
Where in India are people most passionate about their cars? Don't be surprised if the answer is Kolhapur, the Maharashtra town that plays a key role in the state's sugar bowl.
Which is one of the few towns of its size to sport a Mercedes Benz showroom, has been on the Benz "watchlist" since pre-Independence days.
Kolhapur is a very ancient city, famous for its food, headwear, footwear, jewellery, wrestling
It is the Capital of Marathwada.
Fastest growing city of Asia.
One of the best things about Aurangabad is the cave temples. (Ajanta and Ellora)
There are many carved cave temples built by the Buddhists, Jains and Hindus over centuries in and around the city .
Initially the city was named Fatehpura, but it was probably during the of Aurangzeb that the city was named Aurangabad.
Changing Sectoral Composition of State Income Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
Overview of the state Maharashtra is the second largest state in India both in terms of population and geographical area spread over 3.08 lakh sq. km The State has a population of around 10 crore (2001 Census) which is 9.4 per cent of the total population of India. The State is highly urbanized with 42 per cent people residing in urban areas whereas at national level it was around 28 per cent. The sex ratio of the State is 922 as against 933 for India.
Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India, houses the headquarters of almost all major financial institutions, insurance companies and mutual funds. India's main stock exchanges & capital market and commodity exchanges are located in Mumbai. The State has 35 districts which are divided into six revenue divisions viz. Konkan, Pune, Nashik, Aurangabad, Amravati and Nagpur for administrative purposes. For local self-governance in rural areas, there are 33 ZillaParishads, 351 panchayatsamitis and 27,935 Gram-Panchayats. The urban areas are governed through 22 Municipal Corporations, 222 Municipal Councils, 3 Nagar Panchayats and 7 Cantonment Boards.
State Economy The gross state domestic product (GSDP) at current prices for 2008-09 is estimated at Rs. 6,92,479 crore and contributes about 13 per cent of the GDP.
Sectoral growth rates of GSDP at constant (1999-2000) prices Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
Sectoral growth (%) over previous year Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
Regionwise Share of District Income inState Income (%)(2008-09) Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
Population Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
Level of Urbanisation
States having Literacy Rate Source-Economic Survey 2008-09
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