The Unorganized Sector Of Beedi Workers In IndiaPresentation Transcript
BEEDI WORKERS IN INDIA (unorganized sector)
The unorganized sector in India is broadly characterized as consisting of units engaged in the production of goods and services with the primary objectives of generating employment and incomes to the persons concerned. These units typically operate at a low level of organization, with little or no division between labour and capital as factors of production and on a small scale. Beedi rolling is one of the major unorganized sector activities in India.
Relevancy of the Unorganized Sector in the Indian context Broadly, the unorganized sector provides income-earning opportunities for a larger number of workers. In India, there is large magnitude of workforce getting their livelihood from the unorganized sector. Wherein we see 93% of our workforce engaged in it.
India’s 1.5 million private sector beedi workers are among the most exploited workers in India. Desperately poor and mostly unorganized, they are subject to low wages and fraudulent exactions from contractors who can claim almost any percent of the beedis are below quality and refuse to pay for them. Beedi workers across India work in filthy, disease-causing conditions, breathing in tobacco fumes, often assisted by child workers who must be paid by the adult workers they help. Asthma, bronchitis, and tuberculosis are widely reported. More than 50% of beedi workers are women. THE PLIGHT OF BEEDI WORKERS IN INDIA
Non payment of minimum wages Poor Service Conditions Exploitation by Contractors (Middle Men) No Benefits Child Labour No Medical Aid No PF and Pension Schemes Assistance of State Labour Department Required* (*article published in ‘The Hindu’ dated 4 th November 2007) CASE STUDY KASARAGOD DISTRICT, KARNATAKA Tough times for beedi workers
Flexible Schedule Lunch and Tea Breaks Neat and Clean Environment Proper Sanitary Conditions Extra Benefits Fair Wages Sunday off with pay Bamboo benches and Cement backrests The Story of Kerala Dinesh Beedi At KDB workers also roll and pack beedis… but with a difference
Workers at the KDB Factory
K erala Dinesh Beedi’s wages are set by a Kerala-State Minimum Wages Committee and are therefore officially the same as for private sector beedi workers. In reality, KDB workers receive wages and benefits substantially greater than their Kanadiga counterparts. The beedi rollers at KDB do not suffer from unethical deductions. The “maistry,” or immediate supervisor, cannot falsify the amount of tobacco, nor can he deduct from alleged defective beedis. If defects are claimed, he must show them to the worker and assign another worker to help him or her upgrade their skills. If the worker is not satisfied with the procedures, he or she can take the matter up with the Trade Union Committee. This committee has real power to prevent abuses. KDB’s workers are much less likely to be in debt to money lenders than are other beedi workers in India. At KDB, workers can borrow from the co-operative’s own “thrift fund” at no interest, with repayment automatically deducted from their pay over an extended period.
Long after both the governments of Kerala and Karnataka have enacted laws prescribing minimum wages and other benefits for the workers in the beedi-cigar sector, much needs to be done. State intervention and removal of the middle men is of utmost importance in Karnataka where the miserable condition of the workers should be an eye opener because same is the plight of most of the beedi workers in India. CONCLUSION
Presented by K amakshi Kothiwal Ekta Malhotra Sheikh Abdul Razzyak Shilpi Barua Vishal Behani THANK YOU