PILL CAMERA
VISAKH.J.B

S7 EEE
ROLL NO:58
12/09/2013

1
• INTRODUCTION
• SAPHON BLADELESS
WIND TURBINE

• ADVANTAGE
• CONCLUSION

• REFERENCE

12/10/2013

02

2
Introduction

●Aim of technology is to manufacture
●Achieved by nanotechnology.
●One such product is pill camera.
●A vitam...
C

ONVENTIONAL METHOD

● Currently, standard method of detecting abnormalities in the intestines is

through endoscopic ex...
PILL CAMERA

12/10/2013

5

12/09/2013

05
I

NTRODUCTION TO PILL CAME

Imagine a vitamin pill-sized camera that could
travel through your body taking pictures, help...
PILL
CAMERA
Recent development of Nanotechnology.
‘Camera in a Pill’.
Size of a Capsule.
Shape of a Pill.
Capsule Cam...
SPECIFICATIONS

Diameter 11mm.
Length 26mm.
Less than 4gm.
Bullet Shape
12/10/2013

8

Picture of a capsule
12/10/2013...
FEATURES
 Takes 2 images per second.
 50,000 images are obtained
during an 8 hour exam.
 Magnification:8x.
 Coating is...
I

NSIDE A PILL CAMERA

It has 8 parts.
1.Optical dome.
2.Lens Holder.
3.Lens.
4.Illuminating LEDs.
5.CMOS image sensor.
6...
OPTICAL DOME

Front part of the capsule.
Bullet shaped.
Light Receiving Window.
Non conductor material.
Harmless.
Ea...
L HOLDER
ENS
Accommodates the lens.
Lens is tightly fixed.
Avoids dislocation of lens
12/10/2013

12

12/09/2013

12
L
ENS

Integral component.
Behind Light Receiving Window
Light through window falls
12/10/2013

13

12/09/2013

13
LLUMINATING LED’S
I

Accommodates the lens.
Lens is tightly fixed.
Avoids dislocation of lens
12/10/2013

14

12/09/201...
CMOS IMAGE SENSOR

140º field of view.
Detect objects as small as 0.1mm
Precise.
Detect a Polyp, traditional endo

12/...
BATTERIES
Button shaped & 2 in number.
Silver oxide primary batteries.
Even discharge voltage.
Disposable.
Harmless.
...
ASIC TRANSMITTER

Application Specific Integrated Circu
Behind the batteries.
2 transmitting electrodes are conne
Elec...
ANTENNAE

Dome is harmless.
Parylene coated onto polyethylene
Receives data from ASIC transmitter
Send to Data Recorde...
P Cam Capsule – SB or ESO.
1. Pill
ILLCAM PLATFORM
COMPONENTS

2. Sensor Array Belt
●Worn around the patient’s waist over ...
P

ILLCAM PLATFORM
COMPONENTS

3.Data Recorder

●Small portable Recording device.
●Placed in the Recorder pouch

Data Reco...
P

ILLCAM PLATFORM
COMPONENTS

4.Real time viewer
●Handheld device.
●Enables Real-Time viewing.
●Contains RAPID Reader sof...
P

ILLCAM PLATFORM
COMPONENTS

3.Workstation and rapid software
●Enables efficient Capsule Endoscopy.
●Review & Analysis
●...
How does it works???
●The

patient swallows the capsule and the
natural muscular waves of the digestive tract
propel it fo...
How does it works???
●Capsule transmits the

images to a data
recorder, which is worn on a belt
around the patient's waist...
Movement Of Capsule Through The
Digestive System

DATA
RECORDER

12/09/2013

COMPUTER

Data Acquisition & Storage Of Data ...
How does it works???
Circuit Block diagram of Transmitter

12/09/2013

26

10
How does it works???
Circuit Block diagram of Receiver
Circuit Block diagram of Reciever

12/09/2013

27

10
How does it works???
Circuit Block diagram of Reciever
ExternalBlock diagram of Reciever
Circuit control circuit

12/09/20...
U

SES

• Crohn's Disease.
• Malabsorption Disorders.
• Tumors of the small intestine
& Vascular Disorders.
• Medication R...
I

mages obtained from pill

CAPSULE IN
SMALL BOWEL

HEALTHY SMALL
BOWEL
12/09/2013

CROHN’S
DISEASE

30

13
A

DVANTAGES

• Painless, no side effects .
• Miniature size.
• Accurate, precise (view of
150º).
• High quality images.
•...
D

ISADVANTAGES

1.Patients with gastrointestinal structures or narrowing are not
good candidates for this procedure due t...
F

uture scope

1.Capsule with a laser.
2.Zooming & Auto Focus.
3.Reduction in size.
4.Cost effective.
5.Longer Battery li...
c

ONCLUSION

Pill camera is a pioneering concept for Medical Technology of
the 21st century.
The endoscopy system is the ...
R EFERENCES
1) Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, 2009. BioCAS 2009. IEEE
2) Intelligent Systems2006
3rd Internat...
12/09/2013

36
QUESTIONS

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Pill camera

  1. 1. PILL CAMERA VISAKH.J.B S7 EEE ROLL NO:58 12/09/2013 1
  2. 2. • INTRODUCTION • SAPHON BLADELESS WIND TURBINE • ADVANTAGE • CONCLUSION • REFERENCE 12/10/2013 02 2
  3. 3. Introduction ●Aim of technology is to manufacture ●Achieved by nanotechnology. ●One such product is pill camera. ●A vitamin pill-sized, swallowable ca ●Capture images of inside body.. ●Study on captured images by the expe ●Approved by European Medicines Agen 12/10/2013 12/09/2013 3 03 3
  4. 4. C ONVENTIONAL METHOD ● Currently, standard method of detecting abnormalities in the intestines is through endoscopic examination ● But these scopes are unable to reach through all of the 20-foot-long small intestine, and thus provide only a partial view of that part of the bowel. 12/10/2013 05/09/2013 4 04
  5. 5. PILL CAMERA 12/10/2013 5 12/09/2013 05
  6. 6. I NTRODUCTION TO PILL CAME Imagine a vitamin pill-sized camera that could travel through your body taking pictures, helping diagnose a problem which doctor previously would have found only through surgery. 12/10/2013 6 066
  7. 7. PILL CAMERA Recent development of Nanotechnology. ‘Camera in a Pill’. Size of a Capsule. Shape of a Pill. Capsule Camera. Tiny camera. Once it is swallowed, takes pictures 12/10/2013 7 12/10/2013 07
  8. 8. SPECIFICATIONS Diameter 11mm. Length 26mm. Less than 4gm. Bullet Shape 12/10/2013 8 Picture of a capsule 12/10/2013 08
  9. 9. FEATURES  Takes 2 images per second.  50,000 images are obtained during an 8 hour exam.  Magnification:8x.  Coating is non-adherent.  Disposable 12/10/2013 9 12/09/2013 09
  10. 10. I NSIDE A PILL CAMERA It has 8 parts. 1.Optical dome. 2.Lens Holder. 3.Lens. 4.Illuminating LEDs. 5.CMOS image sensor. 6.Battery. 7.ASIC transmitter. 8.Antennae. 12/10/2013 10 12/09/2013 10
  11. 11. OPTICAL DOME Front part of the capsule. Bullet shaped. Light Receiving Window. Non conductor material. Harmless. Easy orientation. Prevent infiltration of digestive flu Easy propelling. 12/10/2013 11 12/09/2013 11
  12. 12. L HOLDER ENS Accommodates the lens. Lens is tightly fixed. Avoids dislocation of lens 12/10/2013 12 12/09/2013 12
  13. 13. L ENS Integral component. Behind Light Receiving Window Light through window falls 12/10/2013 13 12/09/2013 13
  14. 14. LLUMINATING LED’S I Accommodates the lens. Lens is tightly fixed. Avoids dislocation of lens 12/10/2013 14 12/09/2013 14
  15. 15. CMOS IMAGE SENSOR 140º field of view. Detect objects as small as 0.1mm Precise. Detect a Polyp, traditional endo 12/09/2013 15
  16. 16. BATTERIES Button shaped & 2 in number. Silver oxide primary batteries. Even discharge voltage. Disposable. Harmless. 16 12/09/2013 16
  17. 17. ASIC TRANSMITTER Application Specific Integrated Circu Behind the batteries. 2 transmitting electrodes are conne Electrodes are electrically isolate 17 12/09/2013 17
  18. 18. ANTENNAE Dome is harmless. Parylene coated onto polyethylene Receives data from ASIC transmitter Send to Data Recorder. 18 12/09/2013 18
  19. 19. P Cam Capsule – SB or ESO. 1. Pill ILLCAM PLATFORM COMPONENTS 2. Sensor Array Belt ●Worn around the patient’s waist over clothing. ●Sensors are incorporated within the belt. 19 12/09/2013 19
  20. 20. P ILLCAM PLATFORM COMPONENTS 3.Data Recorder ●Small portable Recording device. ●Placed in the Recorder pouch Data Recorder mounted on belt pack and tied to 12/10/2013 the patient’s waist. 20 12/09/2013 20
  21. 21. P ILLCAM PLATFORM COMPONENTS 4.Real time viewer ●Handheld device. ●Enables Real-Time viewing. ●Contains RAPID Reader software. ●Colour LCD monitor. 21 12/09/2013 21
  22. 22. P ILLCAM PLATFORM COMPONENTS 3.Workstation and rapid software ●Enables efficient Capsule Endoscopy. ●Review & Analysis ●RAPID 6. ●RAPID 6 Access. ●RAPID 6 Reader. 22 12/09/2013 22
  23. 23. How does it works??? ●The patient swallows the capsule and the natural muscular waves of the digestive tract propel it forward through stomach, into small intestine, through the large intestine. ●It takes snaps as it glides through digestive tract more than twice a second. 12/09/2013 23
  24. 24. How does it works??? ●Capsule transmits the images to a data recorder, which is worn on a belt around the patient's waist. ●The physician then transfers the stored data to a computer for processing and analysis. ●The complete traversal takes around eight hours and after it has completed taking pictures it comes out of body as excreta. 12/09/2013 24
  25. 25. Movement Of Capsule Through The Digestive System DATA RECORDER 12/09/2013 COMPUTER Data Acquisition & Storage Of Data On Computer Produces two images per second, approximately 2,600 25 high quality images.
  26. 26. How does it works??? Circuit Block diagram of Transmitter 12/09/2013 26 10
  27. 27. How does it works??? Circuit Block diagram of Receiver Circuit Block diagram of Reciever 12/09/2013 27 10
  28. 28. How does it works??? Circuit Block diagram of Reciever ExternalBlock diagram of Reciever Circuit control circuit 12/09/2013 28 10
  29. 29. U SES • Crohn's Disease. • Malabsorption Disorders. • Tumors of the small intestine & Vascular Disorders. • Medication Related To Small Bowel Injury • Ulcerative Colitis 12/09/2013 29 13
  30. 30. I mages obtained from pill CAPSULE IN SMALL BOWEL HEALTHY SMALL BOWEL 12/09/2013 CROHN’S DISEASE 30 13
  31. 31. A DVANTAGES • Painless, no side effects . • Miniature size. • Accurate, precise (view of 150º). • High quality images. • Efficient than X-ray , CT-scan, normal endoscopy. • High sensitivity & specificity. 30 • Avoids risk in sedation and 12/10/2013 31
  32. 32. D ISADVANTAGES 1.Patients with gastrointestinal structures or narrowing are not good candidates for this procedure due to the risk of obstruction. 2. Patients with pacemakers, pregnant women face difficulties. 3.The Pill will get stucked if there is a partial obstruction in the small intestine. 4. Impossible to control Camera behavior. 12/10/2013 5.Very expensive. 32 6.Not reusable 32 12/09/2013
  33. 33. F uture scope 1.Capsule with a laser. 2.Zooming & Auto Focus. 3.Reduction in size. 4.Cost effective. 5.Longer Battery life. 6.Telemetric capacities. 7.SAYAKA-Battery free Endoscopic Capsule. 12/10/2013 14 12/09/2013 33
  34. 34. c ONCLUSION Pill camera is a pioneering concept for Medical Technology of the 21st century. The endoscopy system is the first of its kind to be able to provide non-invasive imaging of the entire small intestine. It has revolutionized the field of diagnostic imaging to a great extent and has proved to be of great help to physicians all over the world. 12/10/2013 Nanotechnology has the power to revolutionize the world of production. 34 34 12/09/2013
  35. 35. R EFERENCES 1) Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference, 2009. BioCAS 2009. IEEE 2) Intelligent Systems2006 3rd International IEEE Conference on capsule endoscopy 3) Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE (Volume: 24, Issue: 4 ) Date of Publication: July-Aug. 2005 4) Sidhu, Reena, at al.Gastrointestinal capsule endoscopy: from tertiary centres to primary "care". BMJ, March 4 2006. 332:528-531. doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7540.528. 5) D.R. Cave, "Reading wireless video capsule endoscopy", 12/10/2013 35 26 Gastrointest .Endosc. Clin. N. Amer., vol. 14, no. 1, pp.17 -24 2004 18
  36. 36. 12/09/2013 36
  37. 37. QUESTIONS Download it at www.Strat-Pro.com
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