Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Post-Industrial Redevelopment and the Mega-Region: New Strategies for the Sustainable City in the 21st Century (Paul Armstrong) - ULI fall meeting - 102611
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Post-Industrial Redevelopment and the Mega-Region: New Strategies for the Sustainable City in the 21st Century (Paul Armstrong) - ULI fall meeting - 102611



Published in Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. New strategies for the sustainable city of the 21st century
  • 2. Decline of Manufacturing in U.S. Manufacturing employment: 1950 = 34%; 2004 = 13% Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor & Statics
  • 3. Great Recession of 2008 Exacerbated manufacturing decline Closing of facilities Lay-offs of workersManufacturing base relocating Inexpensive labor Reduced costs
  • 4. Transformation of U.S. from manufacturing to innovation economy Affects urban form of cities  Population decline  Income reduction  Tax receipt reduction  Vacant buildings
  • 5. Reinventing U.S. Post-Industrial Cities Centers for creativity and innovation Reclaim post-industrial districts Create mixed-uses Invest in infrastructure  Transportation  Communications technology Develop business incubators Attract Creative Class Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statics, 2008 Adopt smart Growth practices Embrace sustainable design to promote compact, livable cities
  • 6. Post-Industrial Coined by Daniel Bell in 1973 Economic transition from manufacturing- to service-basedSmart Growth Don Carter, Director of Remaking Cities Institute Shrinking cities have best attributes  Walkable neighborhoods  Affordable housing  Historic downtowns and main streets  Strong universities, hospitals, cultural amenities  Unused infrastructure capacity  Public transit  Abundant potable water
  • 7. Urban Metabolism Richard Florida Cities grow in GDP Innovation Patent activityMaximizing Urban Metabolism Urban shrinkage Geographical consolidation Revitalization of post-industrial districts
  • 8. Transportation & Communications Networks Consolidate Regions Physically VirtuallyU.S. Highway System of 1950s-1960s Accommodate increase of personal vehicles Destroyed urban fabric Transported jobs & people away from city
  • 9. Transit Corridors John Norquist, CEO Congress for New New Urbanism Not feasible to exclude traffic from cities Accommodate all modes of transportation  Pedestrians  Bicycles  Mass Transit  Vehicles
  • 10. Eurallile, Lille, France, 1989-Present 800,000 m2 (8.6 million ft2) new urban activities 120 hectares (297 acres) Shopping, offices, parking, new TGV station, hotels, housing, concert/congress hall
  • 11. Euralille New TGV Line Links Lille, Brussels, Paris Rem Koolhaas, Office of Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) Conventional urban “programs” have become abstract No longer connected to place or city “Float and gravitate opportunistically” Offer highest number & quality of connections
  • 12. Euralille – Post-Industrial Paradigm Model for U.S. cities Values & experiences of modern architecture & living  Universally shared  Irreversible Transportation & global communication  Make every place, everyone accessible physically, virtually
  • 13. U.S. High Speed Rail (HSR) Existing & new rail corridors Tri-State HSR St. Louis/Chicago/Milwaukee-Madison/Minneapolis-St. Paul
  • 14. Annual Benefits to Chicago Metro Area of HSR $13.8 billion increase in business sales Add 104,000 new jobs Additional $5.5 billion in wages
  • 15. Economic Benefits of HSR to U.S. Midwest Revitalize manufacturing New train production Create new economic growth sectors  Agri-business  Sustainable technology  Bio-medicine  Manufacturing  Education
  • 16. Increasing “Creative Capital” Mixed-use transportation nodes & epicenters Flexible programs Sustainable planning & infrastructure development Attract people, services, new technologies, clean industries
  • 17. Mid-size U.S. Cities in Midwest Successful transformations of industrial districts Compact Existing infrastructures City services Buildings Skilled & educated people
  • 18. Milwaukee, WI Located on SW shore of Lake Michigan 90 miles (145km) north of Chicago City of Milwaukee population = 594,833 Greater Milwaukee population = 1,751,316
  • 19. Milwaukee’s Third Ward Craftsmen, artists, artisans can fit with small-scale manufacturing (Norquist) Galleries, condos, ships, restaurants, wholesale produce, machine shops 2,000 new residents since 1983
  • 20. Milwaukee’s Third Ward Milwaukee Intermodal Station (2007) Amtrak, Greyhound bus lines, Jefferson Lines intercity bus Midwest High- Speed Rail (MWHSR)  $800 million federal funds allocated in 2010  Upper Midwest mega-region  Chicago, Milwaukee-Madison, WI, Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN
  • 21. Minneapolis, MN Located on both banks of Mississippi River Minneapolis/St. Paul 16th largest U.S. metropolitan area 3.5 million residents Economy commerce, finance, publishing, milling, food processing, high technology Headquarters of six Fortune 500 corporations
  • 22. Minneapolis Warehouse District Originally shipping hub Epicenter of art scene during 1980s Recent developments: loft condominiums/apartments, adaptive re-use of Gold Medal Flour Mill for museum, Guthrie Theater, Target Field
  • 23. High-Speed Rail & Smart Growth Revitalize post-industrial cities Bring new sources of economic development Transportation nodes & communications technologies  Allow regions to prosper  Attract capital investment  Foster new industries & technologies  Create wealth & jobs  Reinvigorate metabolic flow of regions