3. WHAT IS DRIVING THERADICAL CHANGE INWORKPLACE DESIGN?
4. talent war business performancehuman capital bridge distance global gateways brand recruitment and retention distance GENERATIONALLEARNING the environment commitment DIVERSITY support socializing emerging economies RESPONSIBILITY diversity innovationGLOBALIZATION MOBILITY CHOICES HEALTH & WELLNESS aging building stock TECHNOLOGYPRODUCTIVITY/OFFICE DENSIFICATION SUSTAINABILITY brand equity growth the 24 hour office CITIES focus collaboration ENGAGEMENT knowledge worker competitiveness SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY safety, security, privacy
5. HOW MUST THEWORKPLACE EVOLVE
6. THE WORKPLACE IS NOT JUSTAN AESTHETIC ANYMORE.IT IS A HIGH PERFORMANCEWORK ENVIRONMENT.
7. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNCOMBINING Looking at complex issues inQUALITATIVE + multiple ways is a powerful way toQUANTITATIVE identify, test, and validateRESEARCH new areas of opportunity WPI WPI ACTIVITY BENCHMARK- EMPLOYEE COMPRESSION SCENARIO 4-1-WHERE SEE SUITE WEB SURVEY ANALYSIS ING MAPPING CALCULATOR PLANNINGQUANTITATIVE DELIVERYRESEARCHQUALITATIVERESEARCH SYNTHESIS ? ! VISION LEADERSHIP OBSERVA- CAMERA FOCUS DESIGN GLOBAL WORKSHOP & EMPLOYEE TIONS JOURNALING GROUPS WORKSHOPS STANDA- INTERVIEWS RADS PORTAL
8. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODESThe activities and interactions in the four work modes—FOCUS, COLLABORATE, LEARN,SOCIALIZE—occur in a variety of spaces distributed in a neighborhood, a floor, a building oreven across a campus. Key spaces are designed to specifically support the needs for a particularmode of work. FOCUS COLLABORATE LEARN SOCIALIZEProductive Capital Innovative Capital Intellectual Capital Social CapitalWork involving concentration and Working with another person or Working to acquire new Work interactions that createattention to a particular task group to achieve a goal. knowledge of a subject or skill common bonds and values,or project. through education or experience. collective identity, collegiality and productive relationships.
9. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNTOP PERFORMING COMPANIES VS. 50%AVERAGE COMPANIES AS MEASURED BY FOCUS 41%THE FOUR WORK MODES Top Performing Companies Average Companies 20% 7% SOCIALIZE 43% COLLABORATE 36% 20% 21% LEARN
10. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 1. FocusUnassigned semi-private rooms used for concentrated work, quiet areas, and one-on-onediscussions. Locate where accessible for use, but minimize distractions and interruptions. NVIDIA focus rooms
11. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 1. FocusAmgen Hyundai
12. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 2. CollaborateFormal or informal meeting spaces for sharing knowledge and information, discussing, listening,and co-creating either face-to-face or virtually. open collaborative seating cafe /dining areas can double as collaboration areas
13. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 2. CollaborateVenables Bell BBH
14. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 3. LearnFlexible spaces for training, concept development, problem solving, discovery, teaching, integrating,and applying knowledge. active corridors Barkley large meeting room/ training room Dimensional Fund Advisors
15. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 3. LearnTM Advertising Belkin
16. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 4. SocializeRelaxed environments for building collegial and productive relationships through talking,laughing, networking, celebrating, and mentoring. impromptu meetings HP Customer Contact Center copy/pantry
17. RESEARCH BASED DESIGNFOUR WORK MODES | 4. SocializeRazorfish Hulu
18. WHAT ARE THE TRENDSIN HIGH PERFORMANCEWORK ENVIRONMENTS?
19. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS 1. Productivity / Office Densification 2. Mobility / Technology 3. Generational Diversity 4. Globalization 5. Health & Wellness / SustainabilityPeer Music
20. 1 PRODUCTIVITY / OFFICE DENSIFICATIONUnited Business Media
21. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS1. Productivity / Office Densification 100% OFFICES & WORKSTATIONS GO UNOCCUPIED 50% 90% 80% 70% OF THE TIME 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0 8:00am 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00pm 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00
22. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTSREAL ESTATE STRATEGIES IN TODAY’S MARKET1. Productivity / Office DensificationCarrying unused space is not only costly, but wasteful.Stay & Pay Compress & Save 1 2Relocate Compress & Sublet 3 4Compress Enhance& Dispose Environment 5 6
23. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS1. Productivity / Office DensificationIndustry Trends: Space Use AnalysisHEADQUARTERS FINANCIAL HIGH TECHNOLOGY LAW100 million square feet for clients 60 million square feet for clients 40 million square feet for clients 20 million square feet for clientssuch as: AT&T, Union Pacific, Oracle, such as: Bank of America, such as: Apple, Microsoft, HP, such as: Latham & Watkins,Belkin, Hyundai, Limited Brands CitiCorp, Wells Fargo Bank Cisco, Symantec, NetApp, Google Gibson Dunn, Weil, Gotshal & Manges SUPPORT SUPPORT SUPPORT TRADER STATIONS TRADER STATIONS SUPPORT AREAS CIRCULATION CIRCULATION CIRCULATION CIRCULATION OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN 40% 38% OFFICES OFFICES OFFICES OFFICES 44% 31% 33% 33% 33% 33% 28% 30% 26% 27%22% 22% 19% 16% 17% 14% 12% 7% 4% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0%
24. 19% 16% 17% 14% TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS 12% 7% 4%1. Productivity / Office Densification 3% 0% 0% 0% 0%Industry Trends: Space Use AnalysisINSURANCE ENERGY CONSULTING TELECOMMUNICATIONS15 million square feet for clients 25 million square feet for clients 12 million square feet for clients 15 million square feet for clientssuch as: American General, such as: Anadarko, Devon, such as: Deloitte, Ernst & Young, such as: AT&T, Sprint, VerizonMet Life, Prudential Duke Energy, BP, Shell Accenture, Grant Thornton SUPPORT AREAS CIRCULATION TRADER STATIONS SUPPORT AREAS SUPPORT AREAS CIRCULATION CIRCULATION CIRCULATION OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN SUPPORT OFFICES OFFICES OFFICES OFFICES 35% 33% 33% 33% 33% 33% 33% 31% 30% 41% 26% 29% 33% 22% 20% 18%16% 14% 11% 10% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0%
25. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS 1. Productivity / Office Densification Hewlett Packard HIGH TECHNOLOGY LAW r clients 40 million square feet for clients 20 million square feet for clientsa, such as: Apple, Microsoft, HP, such as: Latham & Watkins,nk Cisco, Symantec, NetApp, Google Gibson Dunn, Weil, Gotshal & Manges SUPPORT SUPPORT CIRCULATION CIRCULATION OPEN PLAN OPEN PLAN 38% OFFICES OFFICES 44% 33% 33% 33%% 26% 27% 22% 19% 17% 7% 0% 0% 0%
26. 2 MOBILITY / TECHNOLOGYGlumac
27. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS2. Mobility / Technology TOP TEN 1 GLOBALIZATION B.R.I.C.K. 6 VIDEO TRENDS IN (Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, Korea) Moving to Quad-HD to Ultra HD in 5 years TECHNOLOGY India has 1.2 billion potential internet users 2 SOCIAL NETWORKING 7 DATA DELUGE Using mobile devices Information explosion 3 CONNECTED WORLD 8 CLOUD COMPUTING Anywhere, anytime, any device Remote servers platform that enables mobile computing 4 MOBILE 9 APPS Your mobile device is more important than Mobile phones becoming used more for your wallet applications than talking 5 DIGITAL - SATURATION 10 EXPERIENCECourtesy of Joe Weinman, VP Strategy & Business, AT&T Business Solutions Sweden has 90% internet penetration It’s all about the customer’s experience
28. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS2. Mobility / TechnologyWPI: TYPOLOGY OF MODERN WORKTHE FUTURE OFFICE WILL PROVIDE:• Support for multiple work activities• Diverse campus atmosphere through shared amenities & retail• Technology & touchdown for mobile work forces LEARN COLLABORATE FOCUS FOCUS FOCUS SOCIALIZE SOCIALIZE
29. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS2. Mobility / TechnologyMOBILITY: WHAT IS IT?Mobile employees have adopted work rules thatallow them to choose where to do their workWITHOUT A 1 to 1 SEATING RATIO.
30. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS 2. Mobility / Technology91% 83% of organizations now work collaboratively across different 69%of employees do some work locationsoutside of the office -Nemertes Research, 2007 9%-Nemertes Research, 2007 of the American workforce if given the option, would chose to work remotely the US rate of compounded growth of the US mobile and -Internet Home Alliance, 2008 remote workforce -Internet Home Alliance, 2008
31. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS2. Mobility / TechnologyFREE ADDRESS VS. DEDICATEDWORKSTATIONS WORKSTATIONSUnassigned workspaces, sometimes called Many companies are adopting this approch, replacing cubicles“free address” or “nonterritorial offices” with communcal tables or unassigned desks.Satcon Technology Free Address Stations Deloitte Free Address Offices
32. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS2. Mobility / TechnologyReal Estate requirements areshrinking due to mobility -20% ReductionIt is likely that in 10 years many organizations could More mobility equals less office space.need half the real estate they currently occupy. 2004 2009 2022
33. 3 GENERATIONAL DIVERSITYWPP Group
34. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS3. Generational Diversity ProGressiVe WorKPLaCe ProGressiVe WorKPLaCe ProGressiVe WorKPLaCe BOOMERS GENERATION X MILLENNIAL KEY DRIVERs: GENERatIONs GENERatIONs 1964 KEY DRIVERs: - 1980 1946 - KEY DRIVERs: GENERatIONs 1965 1981 - 2008 Ages 64-46 Ages 45 - 30 Ages 29 - 2 boomers boomers 87% say that having flexible work boomers Generation-X highest Generation-X Generation-X miLLenniaLsmiLLenniaLs for mentoring. Statistically holdingmiLLenniaLs the • 42% go to Boomers options is important. education levels when looking at • 89% say that having flexible work 87% 87% 87% age group. statistically 42% statistically holding the holding the 42% is important. options statistically holding the 42% • 48% say working in team is a say that say that having flexible flexible highest education to Boomersgo to Boomers go to Boomers say that having flexiblehavinghighest education levels highest education levels go levels top motivator. work options is important iswhen options is important at age group at age group for mentoring work options work looking at age looking for mentoring for mentoring important when group when looking — HARVARD BUSINESS REVIEW & THE US CENNSUS BEAUREAU 89% 89% 89% say that having flexiblehavingsay that having flexible say that flexible
35. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS3. Generational Diversity A Changing Demographic Proﬁle 1950 2000 2050
36. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS3. Generational Diversity WHAT WE KNOW Each generation has different NEEDS and EXPECTATIONS of the workplace environment image placeholder Environments that encourage and support COLLABORATION and SOCIALIZATION are critical to bridge generational differences Gen Y offers new and TRANSFORMATIONAL APPROACHESVirgin Mobile for the workplace environment.
37. 4 GLOBALIZATION22 Squared
38. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS4. GlobalizationGLOBALIZATION Solutions of the past won’tHAS CHALLENGEDOUR APPROACH TOREAL ESTATE work in the context of the• Shifting from a single site approach to a portfolio changing future. wide approach.• Regional differences challenge the workplace to accommodate a variety of geographies, cultures and global economies. G E H AN C
39. 5 HEALTH & WELLNESS / SUSTAINABILITYRGM Advisors
40. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS5. Health & Wellness / Sustainability Herman MillerBeyond making a profit,businesses must now actresponsibly to be viable.SUSTAINABILITY is nolonger an option,but an EXPECTATION.
41. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS5. Health & Wellness / SustainabilityResearch shows that sustainably designedbuildings reduce sick time and increase productivity. Percentage of Percentage of Percentage Number of sick employees that felt higher employee increase in days reduced greater motivation satisfaction productivity due annually due and loyalty for in sustainably to sustainably to sustainably their company designed designed designed environment environment environment 80% 29% 4.8% 2-5
42. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS5. Health & Wellness / SustainabilityGENSLER LOS ANGELES• LEED Platinum• Use radiant cooling to save energy• reduced workstation allows for more shared space that support the workmodes• Feature stair and skylight as a the heart of the office• Bridge suspended from the skylight Gensler Los Angeles
43. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS Gensler Los Angeles
44. TRENDS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE WORK ENVIRONMENTS5. Health & Wellness / Sustainability 4 KEY ELEMENTS Natural Lighting Air Quality Acoustics Temperature and Find the most comfortable balance between daylighting and interior Compounds such as adhesives, carpeting, upholstery, manufactured Improved acoustic performance decreases errors, increases employee Comfort lighting to maximize tenant comfort wood, and cleaning agents contribute motivation and satisfaction, and allows Personal control over air temperature and minimize SBS caused by poor to indoor air pollution. for increased productivity. and velocity increases human comfort. lighting.
45. HOW MUST BUILDINGSBE DESIGNED TOADDRESS THESE RADICALWORKPLACE CHANGES?
46. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPESNEW PARADIGM IN OFFICE BUILDING PLANNING PRE GREAT RECESSION POST GREAT RECESSIONFloor Plates 20-25k 40-60kSF/Person 250-350 SF/person 175-250 SF/person 2-3 story opening interconnecting Pancake Office Plates stairs 90% chance of 10% chance of running into running into someone someone (serendipitous interaction)Amenities Dispersed Density of amenities - urban (walkable)Ceiling Heights 8’ - 9’ typical 9’ - 12’ typical Same height throughout space Varying heights based on use Networking district orLocation CBD/suburban “neighborhoods”
47. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES1. Drivers of Change RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS INTEGRATIONNew Paradigm / New Approach DAYLIGHT BUILDING ENVELOPE GENERATIONS ent WORK MODES ENVIRONMENTAL nm o MAPPING envir wo HIGH PERFORMANCE MOBILITY rk CARBON OFFICE FOOTPRINT BUILDING on ec omics WELL-BEING DEVELOPMENT IDENTITY SYSTEM PRODUCTIVITY / THRESHOLDS EFFECTIVENESS PASSIVE SUSTAINABLE AMENITIES FLEXIBLE FLOOR CONSTRUCTION DESIGN STRATEGIES PLATES COSTS
48. 1 ADAPTIVE REUSE 888 BRANNANBEFORE
49. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES1 ADAPTIVE REUSE 888 BRANNAN BEFORE
50. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES1 ADAPTIVE REUSE 888 BRANNAN BEFORE
51. 2 SPECULATIVE OFFICE BUILDING 2000 AVENUE OF THE STARS
52. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES2 SPECULATIVE OFFICE BUILDING 2000 AVENUE OF THE STARS 25,000 SF 25,000 SF 60,000 SF
53. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES2 SPECULATIVE OFFICE BUILDING 2000 AVENUE OF THE STARS • 720,000 square feet of class A office space • 45,000 square feet of restaurant and amenity retail • 10,000-square-foot cultural program • four acres of redesigned open park space • Six-level subterranean parking garage
54. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES CHANGING DEMANDS ON FLOORPLATE DESIGN Investment Drivers BUILDING Oﬃce space Shared space CONFIGURATIONS Oﬃce space Shared space Core Core Efficient isn’t good Closed Plan/Offices on the Outside enough any more. COPY Clng. Mtd. Projector Screen CAFE WELLNESS STOR FILE MAIL FURN STOR RECEPTION ELEV LOBBY SERVICE EFFICIENCY IT STOR IT WKRM IT SERVER COPY COPY Open Plan/Offices on the InsideCOPY FLEXIBILITY Clng. Mtd. Projector Screen CAFE WELLNESS EFFECTIVENESS STOR FILE MAIL FURN STOR RECEPTION Side Core ELEV LOBBY SERVICE
55. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES knowknow market your your marketknowknow market KNOW YOUR MARKET Lease Depth Analysis your your market lease depth analysis depth analysis lease lease lease depth analysis depth analysis Investment Drivers System Considerations FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL SERVICES SERVICES TECHNOLOGY & FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGY & TECHNOLOGY & TECHNOLOGY & INSURANCE & INSURANCE & INSURANCE & INSURANCE & LAW & ENERGY& ENERGY & ENERGY& ENERGY LAW LAW & HEADQUARTERS CONSULTING FIRMS CONSULTING FIRMS LAW & HEADQUARTERS & HEADQUARTERSCONSULTING FIRMS CONSULTING FIRMS & HEADQUARTERS TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS Private/Closed Oﬃce Private/Closed Oﬃce Private/Closed Oﬃce Private/Closed Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce 64’ - 0” 54’ - 6” - 0” 64’ - 0” 64’ - 0” 64’ 45’ - 0”6” 54’ - 6” 54’ - 6” 30’ - 0”45’ - 0” 45’ - 0” 45’ - 0” 54’ - 30’ - 0” 30’ - 0” 30’ - 0” Private Oﬃce Perimeter Oﬃce Private Oﬃce Private OﬃcePrivate Perimeter Oﬃce Perimeter Oﬃce Perimeter Oﬃce Interior Oﬃce Interior Oﬃce Interior Oﬃce Interior Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce Open Oﬃce
56. 3 LOW RISE MULTI-TENANT 2221 ROSECRANS CB RICHARD ELLISBEFORE
57. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES3 LOW RISE MULTI-TENANT 2221 ROSECRANS CB RICHARD ELLIS
58. distr 4’-1" HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES build a well designed daylit building is 7’-6" AFFL estimated to reduce lighting energyInvestment Drivers s 12’- 6" use by 50% to 80%. 2-0" 6" 5’- 0" w 9’- 0" Visio 2-0"LIGHT PENETRATION & ﬁnished ceiling to in 13-6"SIGHT LINES 4-6" 9-0" 9-0" window 2’- 6" 54" 48" the gap, inc. San Bruno, CA 42"Daylighting & Site Line Analysis partition Steel frame Daylight = Window Area (sf ) x Window x Visible Light Transmittence of Glass Used x Factor Floor Area (sf) Geometry Minimum Visible Light Transmittence s Water s Edge Above 7 - 6 Below 7 - 6 (window width = 31’- 4") (4 - )(31 - 4 ) 1 0.76 (5 - 0 )(31 - 4 ) 0.9% = x 0.1 x x 1.4 1.1% = x 0.1 (61 - )(31 -4 ) 1 0.7 w (61 -1 )(31 - 4 ) reﬂected light 9-0" window 13-6" 11-6" 7-0" 54" 48" 42" partition Zone 61’-1" Dayl Concrete frame (1 LE 12" 12" under ﬂoor air Water’s edge Playa Vista, CA investment grade architecture CO
59. 4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER Designed to achieve a LEED® rating and China Three-Star Certification
60. 4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWERTHE 2ND TALLESTBUILDING IN THEWORLDSUPERHIGHRISEDISTRICT THE CHRYSLER BUILDING: 318M SHANGHAI TOWER: 632M
61. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER A NEW GLOBAL BENCHMARKSUSTAINABLE IN BUILDINGGOALS 1 BIOCLIMATIC DESIGN: AN INTELLIGENT SKIN 2 INTEGRATED WATER AND WASTE MANAGEMENT 3 ULTRA LOW ENERGY & LOW CARBON 4 SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS 5 INTEGRATED LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGY FOR IAQ
62. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES 632 m4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER Shanghai Tower’s footprint was reduced to make more room for green spaces, 318 m pedestrian paths, and entryways to the tower, creating a public space for respite and social interaction. Shanghai Tower, at 632 meters, is a 121-story “vertical city” comprising office space as well as dining, shopping, hospitality, and entertainment destinations. The Chrysler Building is shown for scale.
63. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER Zone 9 Observation/Cultural Zone 8 Hotel/Boutique office Shanghai Tower is a city within a city comprising nine vertical Zone 7 Hotel zones, each 12 to 15 stories high. Each zone is encircled by public space within the double-skin façade. Zone 6 Office Zone 5 Office Zone 4 Office Zone 3 Observation level Offices Sky lobbies Retail podium Ground-floor lobbies Office Zone 2 Office Zone 1 Retail
64. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER energy Shanghai Tower’s sustainable strategies will reduce the building’s carbon footprint by: 34 000 heat ice natural gas Daylighting Sun-shading Building controls Cogeneration system metric tons per yr Shanghai 800 km Regional materials Building envelope Landscaping Wind turbines
65. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 54,000 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER kWh/year Power Production WIND (Renewable Energy) TURBINES Wind turbines at the top of the building will power the lighting for the building. 45Turbines 15 Turbines x 3 Turbines High 4 m/s Wind speed at 580m height
66. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER INTELLIGENT SKIN Double skin acts as an insulating blanket, keeping the sun’s heat out in the summer and the building’s heat in the Winter, at the same time letting the maximum amount of light in to reduce the need for artificial lighting in the day. Wall Type: A B
67. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER
68. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER
69. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER
70. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER
71. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER
72. HIGH PERFORMANCE OFFICE BUILDING TYPES4 VERTICAL CITY SHANGHAI TOWER“This tower is symbolic of a nation whosefuture is filled with limitless opportunitiesthru Sustainability.”Mr. Qingwei Kong, President of the Shanghai Tower Construction & Development Co., Ltd.