Bus Rapid Transit: The Next Opportunity for TO D (Roger Moliere) - ULI fall meeting - 102811


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  • In October 2005, the Los Angeles County Metro Authority (or Metro) debuted a new 14-mile BRT system in the San Fernando Valley using a former rail right-of-way. Unlike many "rapid" bus transit systems in the U.S., the Orange Line is true BRT - it features a dedicated roadway that cars may not enter, has a pre-board payment system so buses load quickly and efficiently, and uses handsome, articulated buses to transport passengers fast - sometimes at speeds approaching 55 mph! A formerly 81 minute trip now takes 44-52 minutes - over an hour in round-trip savings - making a bona fide impact in the lives of commuters. The roadway is landscaped so ornately you could almost call it a bus greenway. But that's not all. The corridor also boasts a world class bike and pedestrian path which runs adjacent to the BRT route for nearly its entire length, giving users numerous multi-modal options. Each station has bike amenities, including bike lockers and racks, and all the buses feature racks on the front that accommodate up to three bikes.
  • Bus Rapid Transit: The Next Opportunity for TO D (Roger Moliere) - ULI fall meeting - 102811

    1. 1. Bus Rapid Transit: The Next Opportunity for TOD Urban Land Institute Friday October 28, 2011 Session time: 9:30am - 10:45 am Location: Room 408 B - Los Angeles Convention Center Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority ROGER S. MOLIERE CHIEF, REAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT & DEVELOPMENT
    2. 2. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) regional transportation planner; regional builder; and the regional transit operator … . for Los Angeles County. Is different from other transit agencies because it is the . . .
    3. 3. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is Important to Los Angeles County <ul><li>Los Angeles County covers 4,084 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>County population: 10.2 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>88 cities; 5.1 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Los Angeles; 4 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unincorporated county; 1.1 million </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Larger than 42 states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>just behind Ohio </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What is Bus Rapid Transit? <ul><li>Bus Rapid Transit is a bus service that operates like rail </li></ul><ul><li>Metro’s system is patterned on Curitiba (Brazil) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s examples (Cleveland, King County) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other examples worldwide </li></ul></ul>Source: gobrt.org
    5. 5. Types of BRT <ul><li>Dedicated Transitway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadway used only for BRT; no cars allowed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Metro Orange Line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HOV/HOT Lanes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highway lane used only for buses and carpools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Metro Silver Line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixed Flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share the road or lane with cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: portions of both Orange and Silver </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Metro Orange Line <ul><li>Opened October 2005, 14 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated busway – cars may not enter </li></ul><ul><li>Drought tolerant landscaping, bikeway and pedestrian path adjacent </li></ul>
    7. 7. Orange Line is a Dedicated Transitway (mostly)
    8. 8. Under construction: Metro Orange Line Extension <ul><li>Metro Orange Line Extension includes: </li></ul><ul><li>4-mile northern extension from the Canoga Station to the Chatsworth Metrolink Station – 4 new stations </li></ul><ul><li>New bikeway and pedestrian path to parallel to the dedicated busway </li></ul><ul><li>Drought-tolerant landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>New park and ride lot at Sherman Way Station </li></ul><ul><li>Additional parking at Chatsworth Station </li></ul><ul><li>Budget $215 million </li></ul><ul><li>Forecast to open 2012 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Metro Silver Line <ul><li>Opened December 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects South Bay and San Gabriel Valley to Downtown LA 7 days/week </li></ul><ul><li>5-10 minute headways during weekday rush hours </li></ul><ul><li>Downtown connections </li></ul>
    10. 10. Both carpools and BRT operate in 447 Miles of HOV Lanes in LA County
    11. 11. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Transit-oriented Development (TOD) is moderate to higher-density development, located within an easy walk of a major transit stop, generally with a mix of residential, employment and shopping opportunities designed for pedestrians without excluding the auto. TOD can be new construction or redevelopment of one or more buildings whose design and orientation facilitate transit use.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Source: California Statewide TOD Study Technical Advisory Committee </li></ul>
    12. 12. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) has mostly focused on rail 73 Miles of Metro Rail – 63 Stations – 225 Rail Cars
    13. 13. Metro’s TOD Projects
    14. 14. Hollywood + Vine – W Hotel/Condos <ul><li>Line : Metro Red Line </li></ul><ul><li>Site : + 2.30 acres (some Metro-owned) </li></ul><ul><li>Development : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300-room W Hotel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>143 condominiums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30,000 sq. ft. of ground floor retail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved/enlivened public plaza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New subway portal canopy, subway elevator and bike room </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Status : Complete </li></ul>
    15. 15. Hollywood + Vine – Apartments <ul><li>Line : Metro Red Line </li></ul><ul><li>Site : 2.35 acres of Metro-owned property </li></ul><ul><li>Development : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>375 apartments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>28,000 sq. ft. of ground floor retail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New bus layover facility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Status : Complete </li></ul>
    16. 16. Types of TOD <ul><li>TOD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>projects “on top of” stations; often joint development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TAD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transit Adjacent Development – projects within walking distance (½ mile radius) around station areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as “Transit Oriented Districts” when comprehensively planned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transit Villages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger scale projects mixing both TOD and TAD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TOD Corridors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any of the above situated along rail/bus transit corridors (such as Metro Orange Line BRT) </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Orange Line – Additional Studies <ul><li>Orange Line Sustainable Corridor Implementation Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCAG/Compass Blueprint study </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating Successful Transit Oriented Districts in Los Angeles: A Citywide Toolkit for Achieving Regional Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center for Transit Oriented Development; Caltrans-funded </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Lessons Learned – Still Learning! <ul><li>TOD projects still under consideration </li></ul><ul><li>Metro RFP for Sepulveda to be released </li></ul><ul><li>SCAG Orange Line corridor planning study </li></ul><ul><li>Draw from rail TOD experience </li></ul>
    19. 19. More information – web resources <ul><li>Metro Orange Line map and station locations:  </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.metro.net /around/rail/orange-line/    </li></ul><ul><li>Metro Orange Line Extension currently under construction:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.metro.net/projects/orangeline / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current SCAG corridor study:  </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.compassblueprint.org/tools/orangeline    </li></ul><ul><li>CTOD LA Typology study:  </li></ul><ul><li>http://latod.reconnectingamerica.org/final_report    </li></ul><ul><li>Metro Library/Archive:  </li></ul><ul><li>http:// mymetro/library/Pages/default.aspx   </li></ul>
    20. 20. Contact <ul><li>Roger Moliere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(213)922-2225 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alex Kalamaros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(213)922-3051 </li></ul></ul>