Breaking The Da Vinci Code
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Breaking The Da Vinci Code

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Breaking The Da Vinci Code Breaking The Da Vinci Code Presentation Transcript

  • Breaking the DA VINCI CODE How does the DaVinci Code stack up against the Truth? ORIGINAL SERMON BY by DR. ARNOLD LASTINGER [www.lastinger.us] UPLOADED TO SLIDE SHARE BY THE VIRTUAL PREACEHR [www.virtualpreacher.org]
  • PLOTLINE of the Da Vinci Code (Author Dan Brown)
    • A Harvard professor, Robert Langdon attempts to unravel the murder of the curator of the Louvre museum in Paris.
    • He discovers a centuries-old conspiracy to delude the world into believing that Jesus was divine
    • Present-day Christianity is based on that lie.
    • The Catholic Church is willing to murder in order to protect this conspiracy.
  • BROWN’S ALLEGATIONS:
    • “ Lost Books Of the Bible” have been found that contradict the N.T. accounts
    • Jesus was a mere mortal and could not have been resurrected
    • Jesus married Mary Magdalene and had children to carry on the royal line
    • He appointed Mary Magdalene to organize and build his Church on earth
    • The above “facts” were well-known and accepted by the early church before the time of Constantine.
    View slide
  • BROWN’S ALLEGATIONS:
    • Constantine revised history, fabricating the deity of Christ, the resurrection, and downplaying the role of Mary.
    • Constantine destroyed any documents that disagreed with his version of history.
    • Leonardo DaVinci, Isaac Newton, and Victor Hugo were all members of a secret society who knew “the truth” but were afraid to voice it, so DaVinci encoded it into his paintings.
    View slide
  • BROWN’S ALLEGATIONS:
    • Opus Dei, a Catholic lay organization is dedicated to prevent the discovery of the world-wide conspiracy at all costs.
    • He claims that his “facts” are based on scientific research and accurate documents.
    • Everything that Christianity has taught about Christ is false.
    • The Bible as we know it is a distorted fabrication and does not correlate with the true facts.
  • THE BOTTOM LINE…
    • Do we believe Brown’s “facts”, or do we believe what the Bible says?
  • Two Big Questions…
    • How do we know that the Bible of today is even close to the original?
    • How did we get our present Bible?
  • Two Kinds of BIBLICAL CRITICISM
    • HIGHER Criticism : authorship, dating, occasion, literary structure, contents
    • LOWER Criticism : ( Textual Criticism) the attempt to determine how true the copies are to the original autographs
  • Reliability of the Old Testament Manuscripts
    • With no printing presses, every copy had to be manually produced by scribes.
    • The Scribes were professionals.
    • They believed they were transcribing the Word of God and were therefore very careful.
    • The earliest complete copy of the Old Testament is the Masoretic Text, written in Hebrew, from around 900 A.D.
  • Reliability of the Old Testament Manuscripts
    • When the Masoretes copied a book, they would add up the letters and find the middle letter. If it didn’t match the original, they tore it up and made a new one.
  • Reliability of the Old Testament Manuscripts
    • Birth of Christ
    Destruction of Jerusalem 70 A.D. Jews Scattered 900 A.D. Masoretes PROBLEM: The potential for corruption of the copied text over 900 years! 150 B.C. Dead Sea Scrolls AMAZING! The Masoretic Text of 900 A.D. was 95% accurate when compared to the Dead Sea Scrolls!
    • Location of the
    • DEAD SEA SCROLLS
    • ± 20 km. E. of Jerusalem
  • Location of the first scrolls found Plateau on which the shepherd boy stood
  • Significance of The Dead Sea Scrolls
    • They verify the accuracy of our existing OT translations
    • They verify the accuracy of the LXX (Septuagint)
    • They include one complete copy of Isaiah and thousands of fragments, representing every OT book but Esther.
  • 4 Developmental Stages of THE OLD TESTAMENT CANON
    • THE PENTATEUCH : first recognized as authoritative by Joshua (14 th century, BC)
    • THE PROPHETS and THE WRITINGS : 600 years BC, circulated as authoritative
    • EARLIEST FULL CANON : In use by Ezra & Nehemiah (400-500 BC)
    • FINAL CANON : 300 BC, referred to in an apocryphal book, Ecclesiasticus
  • Conclusion
    • “ We can now be sure that copyists worked with great care and accuracy on the Old Testament, even back to 225 B.C. . . . indeed, it would be rash skepticism that would now deny that we have our Old Testament in a form very close to that used by Ezra when he taught the word of the Lord to those who had returned from the Babylonian captivity.”
    • (R. Laird Harris, Can I Trust My Bible)
  • The New Testament
    • There are more than 5,000 different ancient Greek manuscripts containing all or portions of the New Testament that have survived to our time. These are written on different materials.
  • Other Manuscripts
    • There are over 1,000 copies and fragments of the New Testament in Syriac, Coptic, Armenian, Gothic, and Ethiopic and 8,000 copies of the Latin Vulgate, some dating as far back as Jerome’s original in AD 384-400.
    • The entire New Testament can be reconstructed from quotations in the writings of the Church Fathers (AD 95 – 400) except for 15-20 verses.
  • WAYS OF DATING MANUSCRIPTS Letters connected like today Cursive 9 th to 16 th centuries small letters Miniscules 3 rd to 10 th centuries ALLCAPITALLETTERSNOSPACES Uncials KINDS OF WRITING USED 2 nd & 3 rd Centuries Book made of sheets of paper, folded and sewn together Codex To third century A roll of papyrus or parchment Scroll FORM USED 1 st Cent. To Middle Ages Polished sheepskins or goatskins Parchment First century Made from reeds, highly durable Papyrus TIME OF USE WRITING MATERIALS
  • Quantity of Ancient Historical Manuscripts ± 40 years ± 24,000 NT Manuscripts 1,000 years 643 Homer’s Iliad 1,300 years 8 Herodotus’ History 1,300 years 8 Thucydides’ History 1,000 years 2 Tacitus’ Annals 900 years 10 Caesar’s Gallic Wars ELAPSED TIME COPIES WRITING
  • Quantity of NT Manuscripts Greek manuscripts c. 5,686 Latin Vulgate 10,000 Ethiopic, Slavic and Armenian 8,000 TOTAL --------------------------------c. 24,000 Plus c. 32,000 citations from pre-Nicene church Fathers
  • Bibliographic Test Time Gap–– Originals v. Copies
    • New Testament–written between A.D. 50-100
    • Earliest Fragment (John Ryland’s
    • Papyrus of John’s Gospel) A.D. 130
    • Earliest Book A.D. 200
    • Most of NT A.D. 250
    • Complete NT (Codex Sinaiticus) A.D. 325
  • Conclusion
    • “ In no other case is the interval of time between the composition of the book and the date of the earliest manuscripts so short as in that of the New Testament.” Sir Frederic Kenyon
  • Additional Evidence For the Authenticity of the NT Scriptures
    • Apostolic Fathers quoted extensively from the New Testament (AD 90-160)
    • Even enemies of the church (Valentinus the Gnostic) quoted the New Testament
    • 2193 known LECTIONARIES, daily devotionals based on the New Testament
    • 3 versions (translations) into Coptic, Syriac, and Latin
  • WHICH BOOKS BELONG IN THE BIBLE?
    • CANON (Gr) : The 66 books of the Bible as we know it today
    • ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD : The Greek word canon, meant a “rod” (for measuring straightness) or a “measuring stick”
  • GLOSSARY OF WORDS IN THIS STUDY
    • CANON : the list of books recognized as scripture
    • APOCRYPHA : books of “doubtful” or suspicious origin or value
    • PSEUDIPIGRAPHA : books written by someone pretending to be an apostle
    • KERYGMA : the oral gospel preached during the first ±20 years
  •  
  • Developmental Stages of THE NEW TESTAMENT CANON
    • THE APOSTOLIC AGE : 2 Peter 3:15 implies a collection of writings
    • THE APOSTOLIC FATHERS : Clement, Polycarp, et.al. quote from Matt., Luke and Paul
    • MARCION’S CANON : Only Luke and some of Paul’s epistles; rejected OT
    • MURATORIAN CANON : AD 180, the first official attempt to form a canon
    • FINAL CANON : 397 AD, Council of Carthage
  • WORTHY OF NOTE
    • The church of the 4 th century was already dividing into two wings;
    • EASTERN : influenced by Greek culture (Greek Orthodox)
    • WESTERN : influenced by Roman culture (Roman Catholic)
    • Yet, independently of each other, they both arrived at the same NT canon!
  • Criteria for the NEW TESTAMENT CANON
    • APOSTOLICITY : Was it written by or endorsed by an apostle?
    • COMPATIBILITY : Was it in agreement with the known scriptures?
    • ACCEPTABILITY : Was it universally accepted by the early church leaders?
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • “ Lost Books Of the Bible” have been found that contradict the N.T. accounts
      • These books were found at Nag Hammadi, Egypt in 1945
      • Excluded from the Canon because they did not pass the tests of canonicity
      • Written too late to have been authentic, eye-witness accounts
      • Content is incompatible with what we know to be scripture
      • Not quoted by early church fathers
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • Jesus was a mere mortal and could not have been resurrected
      • Most of the N.T. writers attest to the validity of the resurrection story
      • Paul taught that it is essential to the gospel (1 Cor. 15:14) “And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith.”
      • 11 disciples died because they would not recant the resurrection story; would they have died for a lie?
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • Jesus married Mary Magdalene and had children to carry on the royal line (Mary was the “Holy Grail”)
      • There is not even a hint of such a thing in all the New Testament
      • At the cross, Jesus showed no special concern for Mary Magdalene as He surely would have for a wife
      • Why is there no mention of the marriage or any offspring by the contemporaneous historians of the day?
      • The “Holy Grail” was first introduced in a 12 th century legend about King Arthur and Camelot.
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • He left Mary Magdalene to organize and build his Church on earth
      • There is not even a hint of such a thing in all the New Testament
      • No historical records make any mention of Mary as the leader of the Church
      • The N.T. History book (Acts) refers to James as the leader of the Jerusalem church and Peter as the Senior Apostle of the universal church.
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • The above “facts” were well-known and accepted by the early church before the time of Constantine.
      • Exactly the opposite is true: Early manuscripts of the N.T. (pre-dating Constantine) document the male leadership of the Church
      • The idea of Constantine revising history is a figment of Brown’s overactive imagination that is not supported in fact.
      • Any attempt by Constantine to revise history would have collapsed because of the sheer size of the conspiracy.
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • Leonardo DaVinci, Isaac Newton, and Victor Hugo were all members of a secret society who knew “the truth” but were afraid to voice it, so DaVinci encoded it into his paintings.
      • A distortion based on a seed of truth: DaVinci did disagree with some of the scientific theories of his day and he did encode some of this thinking into his art
      • The Priory of Sion was concocted in the 1960’s by a convicted French fraud, Pierre Plantard who later renounced his theories
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • Opus Dei, a Catholic lay organization is dedicated to prevent the discovery of the world-wide conspiracy at all costs.
      • Opus Dei is a Roman Catholic lay organization that emphasizes piety and good works
      • It was founded in 1902 as an effort to empower lay people in the Catholic church
      • The organization as portrayed in the Da Vinci Code has no basis in fact whatsoever.
  • REFUTING BROWN’S PREMISES:
    • He claims that his “facts” are based on scientific research and accurate documents.
      • His “facts” will not stand close scrutiny and have been shown to be, at best a distortion of half-truths, and at worst downright lies.
      • His book is a very interesting, cleverly written novel which may have Satanic origins.
      • Unfortunately, uninformed minds will possibly fall for his alleged “facts” and will accept them as truth