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Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
Ramadan Slides
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Ramadan Slides

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  • 1. Arabic text translates as: In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful Ramadan ‫رمضان‬ September 1 3th – October 1 2th 2007 Pre p a re d b y She ll Middle East & North Africa Ne twork Diversity & Inclusivne ss
  • 2. R adan am • What is R adan? am • T s he ignific e of R adan? anc am • Fasting: What is it? Who fas ? Why? ts • Typic R adan Ac al am tivities. • Eid- Fitr: Marking the End of R adan. ul- am • Working w Mus Colleagues ith lim . • Travelling to Mus Countries lim . • Conc ions lus . Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 2
  • 3. What is R adan? am • Ninth month of the Hijri calendar (Lunar calendar) • R adan is an Arabic w am ord; its root “ R ad”m Ar- am eans “drynes / heat.” s R adan begins at am sighting of new m oon Ne w  Waxing cre sce nt First quarte r Waxing gibbous R adan am Ends   Full Waning gibbous Third quarte r Waning cre sce nt • T L he unar calendar is 1 1 - 2 days s 1 horter than Gregorian calendar… therefore, R adan is 1 0- 1 days earlier every am 1 year. Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 3
  • 4. Can You Spot the New Moon? Start of R adan c am ould differ fromlocation to another depending on ability to sight the moon. New moon is 30 min. old New moon is 90 min. old Fo lso m, CA Esfa ha n, Ira n Muhammad Nadim Efa ha n, Ira n New moon is 50 min. old KL, M a la y sia New moon is 24 hrs old Alireza Mehrani Ammar Tahir Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 4
  • 5. T Signific e of R adan he anc am Indeed, the month of Ramadan is when the Qura’n has been revealed, a guidance for mankind and a reference to R adan is the 4th of the 5 pillars of Is am lam the way and righteousness • Sha ha d a h - Declaration of faith • Sa la h - Daily (5) prayers • Za ka t - Purification of wealth (2.5% of annual s avings go to the poor) Zakah is an Arabic w ord, root “ zaka”m eans to grow, to increas or to be pure in heart. e, • Siy a m - Fasting during R adan is am obligatory to all adult Mus s exc lim ept those w are exem ho pt. • Ha jj- Pilgrimage to Makkah - obligatory Ramadan evening prayer at the Holy onc in a lifetim for thos w are e e e ho Mosque, Makkah, Saudi Arabia phys ally and financ ic ially able. Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 5
  • 6. T Signific e of he anc R adan am • Month in w h the Qur’ (the holy book of Is ) hic an lam w revealed. as • Spec m ial onth of: Fasting, Repentanc Inc e, reased prayer, Increas c ed harity. • Ends w the fes ith tival of Eid- Fitr: Day of ul- celebration and gratitude. Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 6
  • 7. Fasting - Why? P ary objec rim tive: • T attain ta q w a “ o God c c ons ious s / s dis ipline Taqwa is an nes “ elf- c Arabic w ord that c es fromthe root “ iqaya”w h m om w hic eans prevention/ protection Spiritual objectives benefits / : 5. Helps Mus s draw c er to God through inc lim los reas rec ed itation and reflection of the Qur’ and additional prayers w hip. an / ors 6. Aids in inc reas of ima n (fa ith) and ihsa n (since rity a nd e rig hte o usne ss) and removal of riy y a ’ (sho w ing o ff). 7. Aids in purification of the heart/ s and helps to im oul prove one’ s charac ter. 8. Trains the pers to do prais orthy ac e.g. c on ew ts harity, kindnes , s generos patienc and forgivenes . ity, e s Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 7
  • 8. Fasting - What is it? Fasting begins at the break of daw and ends at s et n uns 3. P ic As t: hys al pec • R efrain from food, drink and intim y during fas ac ting hours Depending on loc ation and s on, it c vary from1 2hrs to 1 7 eas an hrs. 4. Spiritual As t: pec • R efrain from blam orthy thoughts and ac e.g. foul ew ts language, vain talk, hurtful behaviour, during all hours Who fas ? ts • All Mus s exc lim ept: c hildren, unhealthy adults (mentally or phys ally), adults travelling long dis ic tanc , and w en w are es om ho m truating, in pos c ens t- hildbirth care, pregnant or breas feeding. t- Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 8
  • 9. Fasting - Why? P ic Objec hys al tives benefits / : 3. A fasting pers experienc s e of the hards on es om hips of the poor and hungry. 5. P iologic effec inc hys al ts lude low ering of blood sugar, cholesterol and s tolic blood pres ure. ys s 7. Improves strength, enduranc and s dis ipline through e elf- c phys al abs ic tentions. Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 9
  • 10. T (typic Ac he al) tivities of R adan am • Sa ho o r: Meal before daw and the n firs prayer of the day. t • Ifta r: breaking of the fas at Suns t et (c oinc ides w the 4th daily prayer). ith • Ziarat: Soc gatherings e.g. vis ial iting relatives s , haring food with neighbours friends and the poor. , , • Ta ra w ih: Optional Prayers at early night (20- hrs ) 21 * • Qiraat: R eading of the Qur’ ãn during free time. • Qiam Optional late- : night prayers in *the las 1 0 days (02- t for 2005 only 04hrs ). * Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 10
  • 11. Eid- Fitr: Marking the End of R adan ul- am • Eid- Fitr: T feas m ul he t arking end of R adan. am • Zakat- Fitr: A pres ribed am ul c ount of money obligatory on every Mus , c ulated to feed one lim alc poor pers in his region for one day. on • Eid activities include: • Eid prayer in the early morning. • Visiting fam friends neighbours the s ily, , , ick, elderly etc. • Enjoying festive meals. • Modes gift- t giving es ially to c pec hildren. • T greeting on that day is Eid Mubarak he : Shell Global Solutions 11
  • 12. Working w Mus ith lim Rolleagues c adan Etiquette am • T not to avoid the follow ry ing for your Mus c lim olleagues: • meetings w h include lunc hic h • meetings extending after 5 p.m. • departm parties (or s ial events during R adan. ent oc ) am 2. B unders e tanding that it is the m t s ial m os pec onth in a Mus ’ c lim s alendar. 3. It is c m to take vac om on ation during the las w t eek of R adan. am 4. Eid Day is off, es ially for thos w fam pec e ith ily. 5. Greeting colleagues saying: “ am R adan Mubarak”(B s les ed R adan) is a very nice w to c s into a new c am ay ros ulture. 6. If invited to share Iftar, try to make it…Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness it w be fun! ill Middle E & North Africa Network ast 12
  • 13. Travel (to/ from and Working in Mus ) lim Countries • Holiday jam (to Mus c s lim ountries begin < a w ) eek before end of R adan till three days after Eid. am • Conges tion oc urs on flights to and from the Gulf area during c 2nd half of R adan (people vis am iting Makkah). • Traffic jam are c m before iftar… s etim grid- ked, s om on om es loc • Working hours in s e com om panies end earlier during R adan; P am leas plan ac ordingly! e c • Being in a Mus c lim ountry during R adan is a great am experienc e… There should not be any worries. Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 13
  • 14. Conc ions lus • R adan is a m am onth of fasting. • P ic abs hys al tentions and intens ation of ac of ific ts w hip are a m ors eans tow ards attaining the spiritual objectives of s purific elf ation and im provem ent. • Es entially a m s onth of training us to ed dis ipline/ prepare ones for the rem c elf ainder of the year. During the Month of R adan am • B c iderate of and s e ons upportive to the Mus s lim around you Ra ma d a n M ub a ra k TO A LL! Shell Dive rsity & Inclusivness Middle E & North Africa Network ast 14

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