Proxemics groups is very imp for us and know a days


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Proxemics groups is very imp for us and know a days

  1. 1. ProxemicsPeople often refer to their need for "personal space," which is also an important type ofnonverbal communication. The amount of distance we need and the amount of space we perceiveas belonging to us is influenced by a number of factors including social norms, situationalfactors, personality characteristics and level of familiarity. For example, the amount of personalspace needed when having a casual conversation with another person usually varies between 18inches to four feet. On the other hand, the personal distance needed when speaking to a crowd ofpeople is around 10 to 12 feet.HapticsCommunicating through touch is another important nonverbal behavior. There has been asubstantial amount of research on the importance of touch in infancy and early childhood. HarryHarlows classic monkey study demonstrated how the deprivation of touch and contact impedesdevelopment. Baby monkeys raised by wire mothers experienced permanent deficits in behaviorand social interaction. Touch can be used to communicate affection, familiarity, sympathy and
  2. 2. other emotions.GesturesDeliberate movements and signals are an important way to communicate meaning withoutwords. Common gestures include waving, pointing, and using fingers to indicate numeric
  3. 3. amounts. Other gestures are arbitrary and related to culture.Facial ExpressionFacial expressions are responsible for a huge proportion of nonverbal communication. Considerhow much information can be conveyed with a smile or a frown. While nonverbalcommunication and behavior can vary dramatically between cultures, the facial expressions forhappiness, sadness, anger and fear are similar throughout the world.
  4. 4. KinesicsKinesics, or body language, is one of the most powerful ways that humans cancommunicate nonverbally. It is used to portray moods and emotions and to emphasizeor contradict what is being said.Body language is very important when in an interview. "To effectively communicate it’snot always what you say, but what your body says, that makes the difference,"
  5. 5. according to Patricia Ball. There are various different types of body movement one cando to come across as being too strong or too weakOculesics:Oculesics is one form of nonverbal communication, which is the transmission and reception of meaningbetween communicators without the use of words. It can include the environment around thecommunicators, the physical attributes or characteristics of the communicators, and the behavior of thecommunicatorsDimension 1: Eye ContactDimension 2: Eye Movement
  6. 6. Dimension 3: Pupil DilationDimension 4: Gaze DirectionParalinguistics:Paralinguistics refers to vocal communication that is separate from actual language. Thisincludes factors such as tone of voice, loudness, inflection and pitch. Consider the powerfuleffect that tone of voice can have on the meaning of a sentence. When said in a strong tone ofvoice, listeners might interpret approval and enthusiasm. The same words said in a hesitant tone
  7. 7. of voice might convey disapproval and a lack of interest.