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HDI: INDIA STILL LAGGINGIndia continues to rank more towards the bottom of the ladder in terms of thehuman development ind...
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pharma report 2020 vipul patil

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Transcript of "pharma report 2020 vipul patil"

  1. 1. HDI: INDIA STILL LAGGINGIndia continues to rank more towards the bottom of the ladder in terms of thehuman development index (HDI), even as it seems to perform better than most of itsneighbouring countries. According to the Human Development Report, 2011, releasedon Wednesday, India is defined as being in the medium human developmentcategory and is ranked 134 out of 187 countries.The report this time also draws a link between environment sustainability, equityand human development. According to the report, the most disadvantaged peoplecarry a "double burden of deprivation" by being more vulnerable to wider effects ofenvironmental degradation. For instance, in developing countries at least six in tenpeople experience one environmental deprivation and four in ten experience two ormore. However, it also concludes that recent progress in HDI has come at the cost ofglobal warming with those countries advancing the fastest in HDI showing fastestgrowth in carbon dioxide emissions as well. Compiled by Ruhi Tewari ruhi.t@livemint.comHDI indicators for top and bottom five countriesIndias rank has risen by one in the last five yearsHDI Life Expected Mean Gross Change inrank expectancy years of years of national HDI rank2011 at birth schooling schooling* income between (in years) per capita 2006-11 (constant 2005 PPP $) 1 Norway 81.1 17.3 12.6 47,557 0 2 Australia 81.9 18 12 34,431 0 3 Netherlands 80.7 16.8 11.6 36,402 5 4 US 78.5 16 12.4 43,017 -1 5 New Zealand 80.7 18 12.5 23,737 0134 INDIA 65.4 10.3 4.4 3,468 1183 Chad 49.6 7.2 1.5 1,105 -2184 Mozambique 50.2 9.2 1.2 898 0185 Burundi 50.4 10.5 2.7 368 0186 Niger 54.7 4.9 1.4 641 0187 Congo 48.4 8.21 3.5 280 0 Indias HDI trends since 1980 Life expectancy at birth (in years) Between 1980 and 2011, Indias life 66 expectancy at birth increased by 10.1 64 years while mean years of schooling increased by 2.5 years 62 55.3 65.4 60 58 56 54 1990 2000 2010 1980 2011 Schooling Expected years of schooling Gross national income per capita Mean years of schooling* (constant 2005 PPP $) 3,500 12 10.3 3,000 10 6.5 2,500 8 896 2,000 6 1,500 3,468 4 1,000 2 4.4 500 1.9 0 0 1990 2000 2010 1990 2000 2010 1980 2011 1980 2011Indias HDI indicators relative to some of its neighboursWhile India falls in the broad category of medium human development countries, its neighbourssuch as Pakistan and Bangladesh are considered as low human development countriesHDI Life Expected Mean Gross HDIrank expectancy years of years of national value at birth schooling schooling* income2011 (in years) per capita (constant 2005 PPP $)134 INDIA 65.4 10.3 4.4 3,468 0.547145 Pakistan 65.4 6.9 4.9 2,550 0.504146 Bangladesh 68.9 8.1 4.8 1,529 0.5157 Nepal 68.8 3.2 8.8 1,160 0.458 South Asia 65.9 9.8 4.6 3,435 0.548Indias gender inequality index (GII)** for 2011 relative to its neighboursWhile India fares Maternal Adolescent Female Population Labourbetter than its mortality fertility seats in with at least forceneighbours on most ratio rate Parliament secondary participationcounts, female (number of (number of (%) education raterepresentation in maternal births per (%) (%)politics here remains deaths per 1,00,000 1000 women aged 15-19)abysmally low live births) Female Male Female MaleINDIA 230 86.3 10.7 26.6 50.4 32.8 81.1Pakistan 260 31.6 21 23.5 46.8 21.7 84.9Bangladesh 340 78.9 18.6 30.8 39.3 58.7 82.5Nepal 380 103.4 33.2 17.9 39.9 63.3 80.3South Asia 252 77.4 12.5 27.3 49.2 34.6 81.2 Multidimensional poverty index (MPI)*** MPI shows that income poverty tells only a part of the deprivation story and that individuals living above the poverty line may also suffer deprivations in education, health and other living conditions. For instance, for India the MPI headcount is 12.1 percentage points higher than income poverty Head count Intensity of deprivation Those suffering multiple average % of deprivation (in %) deprivations experienced by people in INDIA multidimensional poverty Pakistan 53.7 52.7 Bangladesh 49.4 53.4 Nepal 57.8 50.4 64.7 54Population vulnerable Population in severe Population belowto poverty poverty income poverty linevulnerable to multiuple deprivations 16.4 28.6 41.6 11 27.4 22.6 21.2 26.2 49.6 15.6 37.1 55.1*Average year of adult education (25 year and above) ** GII reflects gender based inequalities in three dimensions-reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity ***MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same households ineducation, health and standard of livingGraphics by Ahmed Raza Khan/Mint Source: Human Development Report, 2011

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