Logistics,warehouse,mrp,drp

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Logistics,warehouse,mrp,drp

  1. 1. Logistics and Supply chain management<br />VipulPatil (10-732)<br />DhirajShinde (10-752)<br />Presentation on:<br />Logistics, Warehouse, MRP, & DRP<br />
  2. 2. Logistics<br />
  3. 3. What is Logistics?<br />Logistics should provide the means required to get goods, people, manufacturing capacity<br /><ul><li> TO THE RIGHT PLACE
  4. 4. AT THE RIGHT TIME
  5. 5. IN THE RIGHT QUANTITY
  6. 6. AT THE RIGHT QUALITY
  7. 7. AT THE RIGHT PRICE
  8. 8. WITH THE RIGHT LANGUAGE</li></li></ul><li>Logistics<br /><ul><li> Origin</li></ul>The word logistics has its origin in the French verb loger to lodge or to quarter. Its original use was to describe the science of movement, supplying & maintenance of military forces in the field.<br /><ul><li> Definition </li></ul>It is the process of moving and positioning inventory to meet customer requirements at the lowest possible landed cost, at correct time and in promised quantity and quality”<br />
  9. 9. Scope of Logistics<br /><ul><li> Planning
  10. 10. Procurement
  11. 11. Transportation / Fleet Management
  12. 12. Warehousing / Stock Control
  13. 13. Tracking
  14. 14. Reporting</li></li></ul><li>Logistics Chain<br />
  15. 15. Attributes of Logistics<br /><ul><li> Time
  16. 16. Place
  17. 17. Cost
  18. 18. Quality
  19. 19. Quantity
  20. 20. Temperature
  21. 21. Packing
  22. 22. Security</li></li></ul><li>Top Logistics Companies in India<br /><ul><li>DHL
  23. 23. Blue dart
  24. 24. Gati
  25. 25. Safexpress
  26. 26. Ashok Leyland
  27. 27. AFL
  28. 28. TNT Express</li></li></ul><li>Best Logistics Examples<br /><ul><li> Mumbai Dabawala’s
  29. 29. UPS courier</li></ul>Without Logistics?<br />
  30. 30. Current Affair<br />A Race Against Time to Get <br />the Logistics Right -THE ECONOMIC TIMES<br /><ul><li>1500 tonnes of cargo coming in by air and sea
  31. 31. 600 tonnes of race sensitive cargo & 900 tonnes non-critical cargo
  32. 32. Total value 150 cr
  33. 33. Transfer planeloads of equipments (5-Boeing 747-400F)
  34. 34. Each team has 100-200 staff
  35. 35. Huge amount of food and stationary
  36. 36. 30000 litres of high octane petrol to come through sea
  37. 37. 10 Hours time required to move cargo</li></li></ul><li>WAREHOUSE<br />
  38. 38. Warehouse<br /><ul><li>Warehousing
  39. 39. Warehouse
  40. 40. Warehouse-keeper</li></li></ul><li>Need for Warehousing<br /><ul><li>Seasonal Production
  41. 41. Seasonal Demand
  42. 42. Large-scale Production
  43. 43. Quick Supply
  44. 44. Continuous Production</li></li></ul><li>Types of Warehouse<br /><ul><li>Private Warehouse
  45. 45. Public Warehouse
  46. 46. Government Warehouse
  47. 47. Bonded Warehouse
  48. 48. Co-operative Warehouse</li></li></ul><li>Material Handling Equipments<br /><ul><li>Forklift
  49. 49. Conveyors
  50. 50. Cranes</li></li></ul><li>Characteristics of ideal Warehouse <br /><ul><li>Located at convenient place
  51. 51. Mechanical appliances
  52. 52. Adequate space
  53. 53. Cold storage facilities
  54. 54. Protection
  55. 55. Parking space
  56. 56. Security
  57. 57. Fire-fighting equipments</li></li></ul><li>Functions of Warehouse<br /><ul><li>Storage of goods
  58. 58. Protection of goods
  59. 59. Risk bearings
  60. 60. Financing
  61. 61. Processing
  62. 62. Transportation </li></li></ul><li>Advantages of Warehouse<br /><ul><li>Protection and Preservation of goods
  63. 63. Regular flow of goods
  64. 64. Continuity in production
  65. 65. Easy handling
  66. 66. Convenient location
  67. 67. Reduces risk of loss</li></li></ul><li>Mrp<br />(material requirement planning)<br />
  68. 68. What is MRP?<br /><ul><li>Computerized Inventory Control
  69. 69. Production Planning System
  70. 70. Management Information System
  71. 71. Manufacturing Control System</li></li></ul><li>Objectives of MRP<br />An MRP system is intended to simultaneously meet three objectives:<br /><ul><li> Ensure materials are available for production and products are available for delivery to customers.
  72. 72. Maintain the lowest possible inventory
  73. 73. Plan manufacturing activities, delivery schedules and purchasing activities.</li></li></ul><li>MRP Inputs<br />MRP Processing<br />MRP Outputs<br />Changes<br />Order releases<br />Master<br />schedule<br />Planned-order<br />schedules<br />Primary<br />reports<br />Exception reports<br />Bill of<br />materials<br />Planning reports<br />MRP computer<br />programs<br />Secondary<br />reports<br />Performance-<br />control<br />reports<br />Inventory<br />records<br />Inventory<br />transaction<br />Overview of mrp system<br />
  74. 74. Benefits of MRP<br /><ul><li>Low levels of in-process inventories
  75. 75. Ability to track material requirements
  76. 76. Ability to evaluate capacity requirements
  77. 77. Means of allocating production time</li></li></ul><li>Demand Driven MRP<br />In 2011, the third edition of "Orlicky's Material Requirements Planning" introduced a new type of MRP called Demand Driven MRP(DDMRP). Demand Driven MRP is a multi-echelon formal planning and execution technique with five distinct components:<br /><ul><li>Strategic Inventory Positioning
  78. 78. Buffer Profiles and Level
  79. 79. Dynamic Adjustments
  80. 80. Demand Driven Planning
  81. 81. Highly Visible and Collaborative Execution.</li></li></ul><li>drp<br />(demand requirement planning)<br />
  82. 82. DRP <br />(Distribution Requirement Planning)<br /> What is DRP ?<br /><ul><li>Set of techniques
  83. 83. Provides basis for integration
  84. 84. Managing the flow of materials</li></li></ul><li>Distribution System<br />
  85. 85. Purpose of DRP<br /><ul><li>Capturing data, local demand condition for modifying forecast
  86. 86. Provides data for managing the distribution facility and the data base</li></li></ul><li>Advantages of DRP<br /><ul><li>Connects inventory and forecasts of field demand
  87. 87. Anticipate future requirements
  88. 88. Match material supply to demand
  89. 89. Increase the speed of the firm
  90. 90. Provides savings</li></li></ul><li>DRP & Logistics System<br />DRP is connected to the logistics system,<br /><ul><li>By helping determine vehicle capacity planning.
  91. 91. Helping loading.
  92. 92. Developing vehicle dispatching.
  93. 93. Determining warehouse capacity.
  94. 94. Provides the data to accurately say when availability will be improved and delivery can be expected.</li></li></ul><li>Thank you<br />

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