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  1. 1. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 1 The Real-time Temperature Measuring System for the Joint less RailAbstract A kind of the real-time temperature monitoring system is developed to safeguard thesafety of the joint less rail. The design of hardware and software of the system is introduced. Thetemperature data collected from sensors of the department of the system is sent to the centraldepartment by GSM modules in the way of SMS. GSM module of the central departmentreceives the data and transfer to PC through the PCI multi-serial-port card. The graphicalprogramming software Lab VIEW is used for data decoded, processing, storage, and display inPC. If the temperature is out of limits, the software will send SMS or call people related formonitoring and alarm the temperature of the joint less rail.
  2. 2. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 2A Remote Controlled DMM with Minimum Mass Wireless CouplerAbstract The system established a bidirectional wireless communication between the measurementunit and the base unit. The measurement unit is in charge of measurement and transmitting theresult to the base, while the base is the user interface for measurement mode selection and outputdisplay. The two units are electrically and mechanically isolated. The intended communicationrange would be between 10 and 15cm. The mechanical and electrical isolation improves the safety of measurement under somehigh voltage or high power situations, where direct electrical connection is dangerous.
  3. 3. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 3Touch Pad Controlled Wheelchair to Solve Real World Problems by DisablesAbstract People with the impaired mobility are faced with multiple challenges when moving inenvironment designed for the normal people. Existing assist devices such as motorizedwheelchairs with mechanical accessories are primarily useful to people whose mobility problemsare not combined with limited fine motor control of their upper extremities. Present design
  4. 4. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88expected to prove useful to people with disabilities and limited fine motor control of the upperextremities. To impart easy usage to physically disable through high quality touch padscontrolled wheelchair without discomfort, with affordable cost to solve real world problems forfine motor controlled disables. In this project touch screen is used .for the purpose of movement like left, right, forwardand backward. The inputs are processed using PIC16F877A controller and the movements aretransmitted and received by receiver section which is processed by ATMEL AT89S52 controllerdepending on the outputs motor is driven here.No: 4 Wireless Sensor Networks for Conservation and Monitoring Cultural AssetsAbstract Recently, technology has become more attractive for industry by paving the way to newapplications, which go well beyond traditional sensor applications. These applications can beclassified in different categories: monitoring, alerting, healthcare assistance, and actuating,
  5. 5. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88among others. A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is feasible for the heritage scenariosprotection and for monitoring because its specificity, autonomy, self-configurability, lastinglifetime, and mobility. However, their services, protocols, and architectures have constraints tosupport new issues for monitoring cultural assets: geographical dispersion, insufficient resources,and not enough staff to protect all the monuments and to provide tourist informationbroadcasting. We propose a modular system. It consists of three elements: a WSN, a “CentralSystem,” and a novel platform named “Local Node Gateway.” It allows the coexistence ofdifferent wireless technologies in order to provide actuation, processing and communicationfunctionalities. This proposal takes a new approach to solve these heritage-monitoring problems.No: 5 Monitoring and Alarming System Based on Zigbee Technology
  6. 6. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88Abstract Design of a wireless sensor network based on Zigbee/IEEE802.15.4 is issued. Thenetwork is used to monitor the safe state of intelligent community and give alarm. Each sensornode in the system is composed of sensors and an integrated chip. The GPRS technology is usedto complete data exchanging between remote monitoring center and wireless sensor subnets.This system is an application in intelligent community field.
  7. 7. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 6Measuring and Transmitting Vital Body Signs Using Mems SensorsAbstract With the advancements in technology and science, electronics have been getting smallerand smaller, which enables researchers and scientist to weave the electronics andinterconnections into the fabric. This new technology enables to establish a new concept called"electronic-textiles (e-Textiles)", which allows cost-effective and efficient solutions for variousapplications. In this paper, the main idea is monitoring vital body signs by placing the electronicdevices into a garment in a compact way. Among many vital body signs, posture, respiration rateand body activities like walking, running have been monitored. The measurements have beenperformed with a MEMS based accelerometer which is widely used in many applications. Theelectronic components have been placed into the fabric to form the ARF-Shirt to monitor vitalbody signs. Collected data from 10 subjects with ARF-Shirt system have been transmitted by RFtransmission and monitored in real-time. After forming the ARF-Shirt, data were collected fromsubjects and then analyzed with Lab view. The characteristic amplitude and frequency rangeswere obtained for each activity. With this project, measuring a vital body sign with MEMSaccelerometer, transmitting the data by RF Transmission, signal processing and analysis withLab view in real-time have been realized.
  8. 8. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 7 GPS-GSM Integration for Enhancing Public Transportation Management ServicesAbstract This paper proposes and implements a solution for enhancing public transportationmanagement services based on GPS and GSM. The system consists of four modules: BUSStation Module, In-BUS Module, BASE Station Module and BUS Stop Module. Equipped withPC and GSM modem, BUS Station Module sends the initialization information containing thebus number and license plate number to In-BUS Module and BASE Station Module using SMS.The microcontroller based In-BUS Module consisting mainly of a GPS receiver and GSMmodem then starts transmitting its location and number of passengers to BASE Station Module.BASE Station Module equipped with a microcontroller unit and GSM modems interfaced to PCsis designed to keep track record of every bus, processes user request about a particular buslocation out of BUS Station and updates buses location on bus stops. BUS Stop Module isinstalled at every bus stop and consists of a GSM modem, memory unit and dot matrix displayall interfaced to a microcontroller. This module receives buses location information comingtowards that stop from BASE Station module and displays the information on a dot matrixdisplay. A per stop statistical analysis is carried out based on the number of passengers and arecommendation report along with this analysis is sent to Punjab Government TransportationDepartment to have a check on the performance and services offered by transporters to common
  9. 9. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88people. The results have shown that the developed system is useful for facilitating people usingpublic transportation services.No: 8 Designing of RFID-Based Sensor Solution for Packaging Surveillance ApplicationsAbstract In this work, a two-chip battery assisted Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) basedsensor platform is presented. The radio frequency communication interface is based on the EPCGen 2 standard. A laboratory setup of the platform has been shown and characterized for amoisture content sensor application. The laboratory setup of the sensor platform has a readingrange of 3.4 meters which is in comparison to commercial available Gen 2 tags. The laboratoryplatform has an average power consumption of 2.1 μW operating at 3 V, which together with aprinted battery gives an estimated lifetime for data logging of several years. The proposed RFIDplatform provides a tradeoff between, communication performance, compatibility withinternational standards, and flexibility in on-package customization including type and numberof sensors. The proposed architecture separates the high-performance communication circuit andthe low-frequency sensor interface logic. In the future, the sensor interface maybe integrated
  10. 10. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88using printed logics to further enhance the flexibility and low-cost customization features of thearchitecture.No: 9 Alarm with different time setting for a week using microcontrollerAbstract The variability of a college student’s class and school work schedule gives way to anabnormal sleep/wake pattern that is not experienced any other age group. Few lucky studentshave the pleasure of having all their classes start at the same time every day. However, moststudents do not have this luxury. This requires that most students reset their alarm clocks everynight in to adjust to each day’s different schedule. Forgetting to reset the clock could result insleeping through classes, or unexpected wake-ups hours before classes start. This abnormalschedule disrupts your circadian rhythm and makes it increasingly difficult to get out of bed inthe morning. For some it leads to snoozing your way through morning classes.
  11. 11. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 We have created a new type of alarm clock that will have a built in record of your weeklyschedule so that it may wake you up at the right time, every time, and every day. Our alarm clockwill include extra features that improve on the shortcomings of current alarm clock designs.No: 10 Development of ZigBee Mobile Router for supporting network mobility in healthcare systemAbstract In this paper, we propose a Network Mobility (NEMO) based ZigBee Mobile Routerarchitecture and operations for supporting the network mobility of ZigBee network. Also, we
  12. 12. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88present a design and implementation of the ZigBee mobile router for healthcare system. Thearchitecture is particularly useful to manage patients mobility where each patient is equippedwith ZigBee sensor nodes.No: 11 Ultrasonic Security SystemAbstract
  13. 13. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Security is an important part of home, especially if we are going to share a house withprior strangers without a lock on our room door. Yes, that is the situation we are walking into inorder to drive down the cost of living. And we anticipate that many college students could face asimilar problem. If there is any persons come to door, it is detected by the ultrasonic sensor andits trigger the alarm and also alert the owner through sms using gsm.N0:12
  14. 14. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Design and implementation of Pyroelectric Infrared sensor based security system using microcontrollerAbstract This paper evaluates the development of a Low-cost security system using small PIR(Pyroelectric Infrared) sensor built around a microcontroller. The low-power PIR detectors takeadvantage of pyroelectricity to detect a human body that is a constant source of Passive Infrared(radiation in the infrared region). The system senses the signal generated by PIR sensor detectingthe presence of individuals not at thermal equilibrium with the surrounding environment.Detecting the presence of any unauthorized person in any specific time interval, it triggers analarm & sets up a call to a predefined number through a GSM modem. This highly reactiveapproach has low computational requirement, therefore it is well-suited to surveillance, industrialapplications and smart environments. Tests performed gave promising results.
  15. 15. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 13 Speed control of vehicle for school/Hospital zones using RFIDAbstract There are several techniques for controlling the speed of DC motor. Some of techniquesused are rheostat and chopper control technique while are not much effective. In this project weare going to employ PWM technique for controlling the speed of DC motor. The microcontrollergenerates required PWM wave. Whenever the Vehicle enters to school or hospital zones, thespeed of the vehicle is reduced automatically.
  16. 16. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 14 The Autonomous driving carAbstract A remote control car to autonomously navigate through a track by detecting lanes andcentering itself between them as well as detect objects in front of it and avoid collision. The RCcar detects lanes through image input from a low-resolution camera mounted at its front. Usingan IR distance sensor, the car determines when to stop accelerating once a certain distancebetween a forward object has been breached. All computations based on sensor data are handledby an MCU. Due to the nature of the input peripherals, especially the camera, this system isextremely time sensitive so that computations had to be optimized as much as possible in orderfor the car to be able to react and respond with proper movements in real time. In addition, giventhe limited computational capacity of this 8-bit MCU, our design made use of severalcomputational efficiency strategies.
  17. 17. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 15 Wireless gesture controlled Tank toyAbstract The objective of this project is to build a tank car that can be controlled by gesturewirelessly. User is able to control motions of the tank by wearing the controller glove andperforming predefined gestures. This tank can detect block objects and stop automatically; inaddition, feedback messages are sent to the controller and warn the user by a vibration motor.This project provides a basic platform for many potential applications such as wireless controlledcar racing games, gesture human-machine interfacing, and etc. For this project, ATMega168microcontroller and gyro scope are employed for the controller; ATMega168, H-bridge, andultra-sonic sensor are employed for the controlled tank. A pair of wireless UART module,
  18. 18. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88Wi.232, is used to communicate between the controller and tank. However, the hardware is alsoready for ZigBee wireless protocol.No: 16 Design of intelligent tire safety pre alarm systemAbstract The tire burst used to cause fatal traffic accidents, threatening the safety of drivers andproperty, in cognizance of this problem, it comes up with an intelligent tire safety pre-alarmsystem. The hardware components and software design means of tire pressure monitoring systemare introduced. The whole system is composed of a host module and four wireless sensor micro-
  19. 19. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88extensions. The four sensor micro-extensions are installed in tires, monitoring the pressure andtemperature of tires in real time and sending them to center monitoring host. The monitoring hostadopts receiving data, and uses microcontroller for processing data and displaying. Once the tirecomes out abnormal conditions, for instance, the pressure is high or low, or leaking and excesstemperature, the monitoring host give out audible and visible signals to driver for warning ofpulling up and taking relevant measure to avoid serious accidentsNo: 17
  20. 20. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Mobile Robot for Overhead Power Line Inspection and A Controlling Method for Obstacle AvoidanceAbstract This paper designs a mobile robot for overhead powerline inspection and a controllingmethod for obstacle avoidance, which is composed of three suspender arm with the three-coordinate rolling wheel machine, three-node CAN bus system and wireless image transmissionwith CCD. The suspender arm includes the straight line synchro-strap rail bar for mobile inbreadth, the gear-rack machine for moving horizontally, the synchro-strap rail bar for movingvertically and the driving machine with a rolling wheel. Every suspender arm can move in threeright-angle coordinate direction through the motor with a photoelectric coder,in which thesensors are built for the purpose of detecting the obstacles such as the quakeproof bar, line clampand down-lead etc. The controlling system can realizes the whole robot machine rolls along thepowerline in a long distance and avoids obstacles automatically by driving relevant motor forsuspender arms three-coordinate moving based for program after analyzing the inputting sensorssignal including the sensors for detecting the obstacles and photoelectric coders.
  21. 21. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 18 Remote Home Security System Based On Wireless Senor Network and GSM TechnologyAbstract In this paper, a low-power consumption remote home security alarm system developedby applying WSN and GSM technology is presented. It can detect the theft, leaking of raw gasand fire, and send alarm message remotely. The hardware of this system includes the single chipC5081F310, wireless receiving and sending chip CC1100 as well as the SIMENS TC35 GSMmodule. The system software developed in C51 language has the ability of collecting, wirelessreceiving and sending data, and can send a piece of alarm short message to the user’s mobilephone when some dangerous condition has been detected. Security monitoring systems arepopular in home automation, and Zigbee is a new industrial standard wireless sensor networks.This paper introduces an experimental home security monitoring and alarming system based onZigbee technology, it is capable of monitoring door & window magnetic contact, smoke, gasleak, water flooding, providing simple controls such as turning off the valves, and sending thealarms to the residential area security network etc. The security alarming system is based onZigbee chip MC13192 and low power consumption micro-controller MSP430F135. Adescription of the system architecture, circuit principle and the firmware flowchart is presented.The system uses a control key fob for activating and de-activating the alarm easily, supports Webinterface so that user can access the system remotely to control, search or review the historyrecord, and offers a LCD panel for simple configuration.
  22. 22. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 19 RFID Tags for Tracking Patients Charts and Medical Equipment within an Integrated Health Delivery NetworkAbstract Tracking patients, charts and equipment in hospitals and across integrated health deliverynetworks is mostly done manually on white boards or manual entry within health informationsystems. Some health delivery networks have adopted systems using a combination of infraredand radio frequency (RF) technology to help manage the tracking process. This paper proposesan approach that can improve the operational efficiency of a health delivery network byautomating this process through the use of RF identification (RFID) tags. RFID tags are lowpower communication devices that can be embedded in a patients ID bracelet, inside a patientchart and medical equipment, and can help track their location and status.
  23. 23. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 20 Bus Detection Device for the Blind Using Passive RFID ApplicationAbstract RFID is a wireless personal area networking standard which provides features like nonline of sight detection of tag by RFID reader from a distance of up to 1.5 meter. This feature helpin using RFID in many applications. This projects demonstrates the concept of bus detection system by the blind people usingRFID. In which the blind people having RFID reader with some microcontroller module whichgives the buzzer sound whenever the specific bus comes, the bus is equipped with RFID tag.Whenever bus comes at bus stop the blind person who is provided with RFID reader get signal asit reads tag. In our proposed project we are using based microcontroller, which the current dominantmicrocontroller in mobile based products. RFID reader is connected to microcontroller basedembedded board and a program is running which will analyze tag data on the bus and send signal
  24. 24. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88to the buzzer if the bus tag data matches with program data. We are using software developmentTool as MPLAB IDE, winpic for loading hex file in to the microcontrollerNo: 21Detection of Train Collision and Location Using GPS and Send SMS through GSM to A MobileAbstract The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system made up of anetwork of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the U.S. Department of Defense. GPS was originallyintended for military applications, but in the 1980s, the government made the system availablefor civilian use. GPS works in any weather conditions, anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day.There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use GPS. GPS satellites circle the earth twice a day in a very precise orbit and transmitsignal information to earth. GPS receivers take this information and use triangulation to calculate
  25. 25. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88the users exact location. Essentially, the GPS receiver compares the time a signal wastransmitted by a satellite with the time it was received. The time difference tells the GPS receiverhow far away the satellite is. Now, with distance measurements from a few more satellites, thereceiver can determine the users position and display it on the units electronic map. The project consists of a microcontroller which is interfaced with the Gps module, gsmmodem and a vibration sensor. for fetching the data from the Gps module. Once themicrocontroller senses the strong vibration, it assumes an accident. From the instance ofvibration it starts an alarm. For a time period say approx 15 to 25 seconds. If the peoples are safethey should press a emergency switch to stop the alarm. If none of the people fails to press theswitch within the specified time. The controller assumes it as an emergency and starts the gsmmodem sending the latitude and longitude information to the specified mobile number, byfetching the information from the Gps. The data from the Gps module is obtained at a baud rateof 19200 BPS. With a specified format with various unwanted and mixed strings of data. Themicrocontroller reads the required data and eliminates the unwanted data. Thus the data fetchedis only the latitude, longitude and is displayed in LCD for our reference. A typical data from theGps module will be of the following format; anyway we are not using all the data from themodule, the following is just an example.No: 22 Zigbee Wireless Relay Control and Power Monitoring SystemAbstract
  26. 26. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 We designed a system for wirelessly controlling relays and monitoring current. This isused for a home load simulation. By wirelessly turning relays on and off by sending commandsfrom a PC to a microcontroller we can change the total load (current) to our simulated home. For wireless communication, we used XBee Series 2 Zigbee RF modules. One of thesemodules was connected to a microcontroller and the home load simulation, while another wasconnected to the PC, which was used for collecting and displaying data as well as for relaymonitoring and control.No: 23
  27. 27. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88Development of Road Lighting Intelligent Control System Based on Wireless NetworkAbstract Along with the development of science and technology, informationtechnologies have been used in many fields. Energy problem is a social focusnowadays. According to our national conditions, road lighting system of our countryis still emerging technologies. In this paper, to reach the purpose of energy saving,it introduces an information method to deal with the problem of road lighting. Theroad lighting intelligent control system is based on wireless network control thatcan implement real-time monitoring for road lighting, intelligent work withoutmanual intervention. It also can save the energy and work efficiently. This paperdiscusses the design method of road lighting intelligent control system, which wasbuilt up by wireless personal network technology, GPRS, microprocessor and hostcomputers, and researched on the system including the structure, key technologies,software design and encryption. At last, future research plans are given.
  28. 28. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 24 Security and fire detection of goods train and alarmingAbstract Generally goods train has lot of compartments than passenger train as well as the security ofthe goods train is less. So for improving the security in the goods train we propose this paper. Here the sensors are placed in each compartment. If these sensor senses the signal meansmessage will send to the driver, guard and the information sent to the nearest station as well asprovide alarm for audio information and the door will be automatically closed. In this paper we are using PIR sensor, IR sensor, Temperature sensor and Level sensors.They are placed in each compartment. PIR sensor used to detect the humans in the restricted compartment, Temperature sensor usedto measure the temperature inside the coach and Level sensor used to detect the leakage. IR sensor used to make the magnetic lock close and open.
  29. 29. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 25 Signal Indicator for Vehicles in Single Hairpin Bend and Vehicle CounterAbstract Accidents are the major problem in the mountain regions where there is a dangerouscurve. To avoid the major accidents this project uses an Infrared sensor to indicate the vehicle ispresent or not in the opposite direction. The presence of the vehicles is indicated by using abuzzer.
  30. 30. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 26 Microcontroller based railway track crack detecting vehicleAbstract The core of our proposed crack detection scheme basically consists of a Light EmittingDiode (LED)-Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) assembly that functions as the rail crack detector.The principle involved in this crack detection is the concept of LDR. The LED will be attachedto one side of the rails and the LDR to the opposite side. During normal operation, when thereare no cracks, the LED light does not fall on the LDR and hence the LDR resistance is high.When the LED light falls on the LDR, the resistance of the LDR gets reduced and the amount ofreduction will be approximately proportional to the intensity of the incident light. This change inresistance indicates the presence of a crack or some other similar structural defect in the rails. In
  31. 31. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88order to detect the current location of the device in case of detection of a crack, we make use of aGPS receiver whose function is to receive the current latitude and longitude data. Tocommunicate the received information, we make use of a GSM modem. The GSM module isbeing used to send the current latitude and longitude data to the relevant authority as an SMS.No: 27 Autonomous vehicle with obstacle detection using ultrasonic detectorsAbstract
  32. 32. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Now a days every system is automated in order to face new challenges. In the presentdays Automated systems have less manual operations, flexibility, reliability and accurate. Due tothis demand every field prefers automated control systems. Especially in the field of electronicsautomated systems are giving good performance. In the present scenario of war situations,unmanned systems plays very important role to minimize human losses. So this robot is veryuseful to do operations like obstacle Evidence. Here is an automated unmanned system being designed around a microcontroller whichselects by changing its path whenever any obstacle is detected. According to this project, a robot is designed which is made to move all the time. Apartfrom this, the system also embedded with ULTRASONIC detectors used to detect the obstacleduring which the direction of the robot is changed. All the devices such as ULTRASONICdetectors, motor by which robot is made to move are being interfaced to microcontroller whichforms the control unit of the project. In the standby mode the robot is moved here and there. Whenever any obstacle is beingdetected by the ULTRASONIC detectors, the same is sensed and is intimated to themicrocontroller. Now the micro controller changes the direction of the robot by driving themotors in a respective direction. This project finds its place in places where one wants to make the unmanned system withsome intelligence.No: 28
  33. 33. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Monitoring and alarming system based on zigbee technologyAbstract In intelligent community, security incidents such as robber, fire and patrol alarms in someimportant places must be reported and handled in time. The traditional monitoring and alarmingnets are based on sundry wired net technologies such as field bus. The security state data fromsmoking sensors, infrared sensors and panic buttons will be detected and transferred tomonitoring center. The existing equipments on the basis of wired nets are automatic wireditinerant monitoring nets, in which the data from detecting nodes are linked to all the transmittingmodules via wires. In such a signal transmitting plan, the long transmission lines will generatehigh cost, long project time and difficult repair work. The wireless sensor network based onZigbee technology is developed to solve the defects of existing monitoring and alarming system.In the wireless system, all the data will be transmit in wireless method. Since the real-timemeasuring data could be transmit to monitoring center via wireless network, the operation staffwill only sit in the office to check up the system running state.
  34. 34. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 29 Design of smart nodes for RFID wireless sensor networksAbstract The main purpose of this project is to design the smart nodes for RFID wireless sensornetwork. This system consists of sensors, Microcontroller and ZIGBEE and RFID modules. By using this RFID module we can give the environmental conditions of particular nodes,and the sensors are used for data acquisition of environmental conditions and the signals given tothe micro controller through sensor interface. This information transmitted to gate way throughZIGBEE transmitter. At the gate way we can monitor the all parameters coming from the different RFIDnodes. At the gate way the information collected by the ZIGBEE Receiver and gives to the microcontroller. Which can monitors the parameters of different RFID nodes.
  35. 35. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 30 Design and implementation of the lab remote monitoring system based on embedded web technologyAbstract This paper proposes by the combination of embedded database and an embedded webserver and the environmental monitoring data analysis algorithm analyzes the current data storedin the database collected by sensor networks and compares them with the threshold value. Ifthere is an exception for the sensor data in comparison with the threshold, then the system willcall the GSM module and electrical device driver functions to make corresponding processingsuch that when the temperature is too high, we may think a big fire must be caused .So thesystem sends an alarm message to the user, cut off the power of large electrical equipments at thesame time.
  36. 36. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 31 Automatic vehicle rc book &driving license verification system using rfidAbstract Now a days every system is automated in order to face new challenges. In the presentdays Automated systems have less manual operations, flexibility, reliability and accurate. Due tothis demand of less manual controlling, every one prefers automated control systems. Especiallyin the home and industries of electronics, automated systems are giving good performance andflexibility to get controlling without your involvement. So this system is very useful to dooperations like liquid dispensing. In this project contain RFID reader and RFID tags (vehicle RC book, driving license)whenever this tags shows the RFID reader read the data from the RFID tags, if that are valid it
  37. 37. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88will display on LCD valid otherwise the buzzer will buzz. In this manner we are implementingthis project.No: 32 Design and implementation of embedded indoor intelligent temperature control systemAbstract While vigorously promoting energy-saving and emission reduction, as well as thepursuit of high quality of life, the winter heating system shortcomings become increasinglyapparent. Most of the countries now a day are utilizing centralized heating. Throughout theheating period, both day and night, indoor people and unmanned, the system continuous heatingall the day. Heat transport system is constant, and cannot make the appropriate adjustments withthe changes of indoor and outdoor temperature and the different requirements of individuals.This has resulted in a serious waste of heat and the heating is not humanistic and so on. With
  38. 38. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88real-time detection of changes in indoor temperature, the system regulates the indoor temperaturerationally. So it reduced the heat consumption and improved peoples quality of life. System includes temperature detection, Zigbee wireless transmission,Microcontroller, the information display and input, heating control, GSM wirelesscommunications and so on. Temperature detection includes outdoor temperature detection,indoor temperature detection and heating temperature detection. In order to avoid cumbersomewiring, the temperature detection points wirelessly connect with microcontroller through theZigbee technology,No: 33 Bus detection device for the blind people using RFIDAbstract Generally, journey in a bus is a safe and comfort factor, but due to increase in numberof busses and passenger its going be tougher now a days and it will be more difficult for blindpeople to travel in bus so with this project, we can make a system which can help blind people tofind the bus at the bus stop as they cannot able to see which bus is coming on the bus stop.
  39. 39. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 By providing a device which can help them to know which bus is coming on bus stop.In this project we have microcontroller, RFID reader and voice IC for voice announcement withspeaker as basic blocks. Whenever the bus come to stop the RFID reader will be reading the tag(which is given to every bus for particular route) and depending upon the tag it will give voiceintimation by using speaker the blind person can know the bus number.No: 34 Vehicle tax pay and access system
  40. 40. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88Abstract Here in this project we will be giving the smart card to the drivers so that whenever the vehiclecomes the driver will access his cards and only the authorized person can enter and pass out ifthe card is valid and also if enough amount is present in the card. The card will be placed in frontof the reader and the card is checked for validation then the concerned amount will be reducedfrom the card and then the gate will be opened and the vehicle will be allowed. This project access the vehicle with the help of smart card there amount data will bereduced from the card where the account details will be maintained. There is a power supplycircuit for powering the controller and also the other circuitry.No: 35
  41. 41. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 Automated system for fault analysis in industries using gsmAbstract This project is to monitor the occurrence of any faults in industries without any humaninterface. Here with the help of sensors we are monitoring the different parameters from differentchannels. Sensors will produce analogical data but controller will not understand this data sohere ADC is used convert the data from analog to digital. Output of the ADC is given to themicrocontroller, controller process this data and compares with the predefined data. If this dataexceeds the threshold then GSM modem will activate and message is sent to the concernedperson via SMS through network paths. The fault is indicated by an alarm and leds and Readingsof the parameters are displayed on the LCD.
  42. 42. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 36 RFID Based Station name Announcement and Display System in Trains or BussesAbstract Generally, journey in a bus is a safe and comfort factor, but due to increase in number ofbusses and passenger its going be tougher now a days. Now a days every system is automated inorder to face new challenges. In the present days Automated systems have less manualoperations, flexibility, reliability and accurate. Due to this demand of less manual controlling,every one prefers automated control systems. Especially in the home and industries ofelectronics, automated systems are giving good performance and flexibility to get controllingwithout your involvement. So this system is very useful to do operations like liquid dispensing.In this project has 2 sections.1) BUS STOP SECTION 2) BUS SECTION 1) The bus stop section consists of RFID tags.
  43. 43. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88 2) The bus section has the total kit. Whenever bus is entered in to BUS BAY the readerreads the data from the tag and sends data (station name) to controller. Then the controller readsthe data and it compares with the stored data, which data is matched to present data thatparticular voice announcement will come and also the location is displayed on the LCD.No: 37 Statechart Based Elevator Controller And Its VerificationAbstractFor designing modern automation systems (event-driven complex reactive systems whichcontinuously react to external stimuli) it is necessary to define guidelines, methods and tools thatallow to carry out the designs within an overall development methodology that permits to specifythese systems in an easy and safe way, to maintain traceability along the different phases of thedesign, and to have the needed knowledge about the behaviors of the defined system. Basicissues related to current specification technology have been discussed in the companion paper.The current paper describes the present status of our work in validating this methodology on thecontrol of an elevator system. An elevator system is usually equipped with a fairly large numberof sensors, making it a real-scale application, but simple enough to serve in demonstrating thebasic principles involved with clarity. Entire system is designed using state charts andimplemented in a programmable logic device. To demonstrate the feasibility a prototype system
  44. 44. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88is simulated using micro controllers and the results are presented in the paper. However, in thisimplementation, statecharts are only used as formal specification of control which provides thebasis for functional decomposition of the program into communicating finite state machines(FSM): port structures proposed in (S. Devapriya Dewasurendra, 2006) for reconfigurableimplementation are not yet incorporated. Hence, the current paper discusses primary issues ofmodular controller implementation using statechart specifications. Verification has been done bysimulating the controller on PIC 16F877 MC in Proteous 6 for selected operations. Formalverification methodology of the previous work will be validated in the next stageNo: 38 Remote sensing of relative humidityAbstractRelative humidity, temperature measurement and monitoring are very useful for the purpose ofanalysis. The variation in relative humidity and temperature at a particular place may be causedby factors such as power failure or equipment failure. This paper uses basic knowledge incombining analog circuit and digital circuit theory together with programming techniques tohandle control of the hardware. The temperature and relative humidity sensing circuit convertsthe relative humidity and temperature into analog signals, which are then applied to a microcontroller based data logger for storage purposes. The data are then transferred to a computer
  45. 45. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88through a RS232 standard serial port. The user interface program will handle the data transferbetween the data logger and the computer as well as allow the user to input important parameterssuch as sampling interval and starting date and time for the logging operation. A backup powersupply is also connected, included to sustain operation in case of power failure. The system canperform both real time and also stand-alone methodsNo: 39 A simple low cost data acquisition system for remote sensing of relative humidity and temperatureAbstractThis paper presents a simple technique in combining analog circuit and digital circuit theorytogether with programming technique to control the hardware for remote sensing of temperature
  46. 46. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88and relative humidity. The sensor circuit converts the relative humidity and temperature into ananalog signal, which will then be applied, to a micro controller based data logger for storagepurpose. The data is then transferred to the computer through RS232 standard serial port. Theuser interface program will be handling the data transfer between data logger and the computeras well as allowing the user to input some of the important parameters such as sampling intervaland starting date and time for the logging operation. The system can perform in both real timeand off lineNo: 40
  47. 47. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88Non-linear Error Compensation of Voltage Sensitivity for Vibration Accelerometer Based on Cymbal TransducerAbstractA new type of piezocomposite vibration acceleration sensor was studied, which sensitiveelement consists of cymbal transducer. The amplitude and frequency characteristics of this newvibration acceleration sensor and nonlinear characteristic of output voltage sensitivity wereinvestigated. The least squares approximation method, partition linear interpolation and averagevalue filter methods were employed to carry out nonlinear error compensation of output voltagesensitivity. The experimental results shown that the nonlinear error of output voltage sensitivitycan be 0.6% or less than 0.6% after the non-linear error compensation was made. Micro-controller unit (MCU) was used to data logging, and the least squares approximation method wasused to carry on fitting a straight line and establish the non-linear compensation data table. Everytime 8 points sampling values are collected, which are used to obtain an average value as theactual sampling value, so the unwanted signal can be filtered, the accuracy of the sampling valuecan be improved.
  48. 48. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 41 Laser-based servo detection system for smart carAbstractIn this paper, A laser-based servo detection system and its servo control algorithm are proposedto overcome the disadvantage that smart car based on fixed sensors could easily lose roadinformation when tracking at a high speed. To fix a laser sensor on a servo actuator, MCU(Micro Controller Unit) can process the feedbacks of the sensor and then control the servo toadjust the direction of the sensor to detect road. Thus the closed-loop control ensures that thesystem can track the road automatically. Experiments in this paper show that smart cars based onservo detection system can achieve lower tracking error and a higher average speed whencompared to those based on fixed sensors. Therefore, the laser-based servo detection system notonly improves smart cars speed but also promotes its systemic stability.
  49. 49. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 42 Mobile Human Airbag System for Fall Protection Using MEMS Sensors and Embedded SVM ClassifierAbstractThis paper introduces a mobile human airbag system designed for fall protection for the elderly.A Micro Inertial Measurement Unit ( muIMU) of 56 mm times 23 mm times 15 mm in size isbuilt. This unit consists of three dimensional MEMS accelerometers, gyroscopes, a Bluetoothmodule and a Micro Controller Unit (MCU). It records human motion information, and, throughthe analysis of falls using a high-speed camera, a lateral fall can be determined by gyrothreshold. A human motion database that includes falls and other normal motions (walking,running, etc.) is set up. Using a support vector machine (SVM) training process, we can classifyfalls and other normal motions successfully with a SVM filter. Based on the SVM filter, anembedded digital signal processing (DSP) system is developed for real-time fall detection. Inaddition, a smart mechanical airbag deployment system is finalized. The response time for themechanical trigger is 0.133 s, which allows enough time for compressed air to be released beforea person falls to the ground. The integrated system is tested and the feasibility of the airbagsystem for real-time fall protection is demonstrated.
  50. 50. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88No: 43 GPS based attitude determining system for marine navigationAbstractUnder contract with the US Coast Guard, Adroit Systems, Inc. has developed a low cost, GPSbased attitude determining system (ADS) for marine navigation, TRIADS. The Coast Guard willuse the system for general navigation, as well as hydrographic surveying, ice breaker navigation,and positioning buoys or other objects. Following a successful system demonstration validatingthe concept design, a system has been developed and tested. The ADS navigation system makesuse of the full visible satellite constellation. This allows the GPS based attitude determiningsystem to be designated as a primary navigation sensor. Approval for GPS ADS as a primarynavigation system can be pursued now that the constellation is complete. The full constellationalso allows the optimum satellite constellation to be selected based on the attitude of a platform.Having more than the required number of satellites available not only enhances system accuracy
  51. 51. IEEE 2012 Embedded Titles & Abstract FOR REGISTER: www.finalyearstudentsproject.com CONTACT NO.: 91-9176696486. Address: No.73, karuneegar street, Adambakkam, Chennai-88and robustness, but it also enables the system to perform integrity checks in the form of receiverautonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM)

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