Kalilintad Publication of Rido Inc.


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This publication is emailed and shared by Rido Inc., a non-government working for peacebuilding and tracking the genealogy of Maranao clans in Lanao areas. Their publication contained their summation of activities undertaken in 2012. This deserves to be shared to demonstrate that conciliation and grassroot community peacebuilding is possible.

All rights of this publication is owned by Rido Inc.

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Kalilintad Publication of Rido Inc.

  1. 1. Flashy smiles during graduation of the Program on Youth Empowerment in Mindanao at Northern Illinois University, USA on June 19, 2010. Mr. Hamidullah Atar receiving token from Speaker Datuk Panglima Pandikar on April 1, Dr. Steven Rood, TAF Country Rep. together with the elders of Pinagundo Clan of Butig during the Launching of Salsilah 2010 at the House of Parliament in Malaysia for Ceremony on Oct. 13, 2012. a project of the Asia Institute of Management.Seminar on Good Governance at Barangays Vice Mayor of Marogong presenting the Consultative Meeting and Planning with One setting of local rido settlement withOlama and Lumbac of Balabagan and token to Lt. Col Ceasar Yadao during the local partners and PNP for peace and local partners at the Municipality ofBinidayan on April 28-29, 2012. the Launching of Denian Rengco Clan security issues in Lanao. Marogong on May 24, 2012. Genealogy on October 13, 2012.Bae sa Radapan General Assembly on May Local leaders in Marawi awarding a token Clan elders with SSPT Romeo Magsalos Turn Over Ceremony of Health Facilities,26, 2012 at Baloi, Lanao del Norte. to General Daniel Lucero during the Peace during the Peace Enterprise Project Study one of the projects of ERRCM in Barangay Forum on Sept. 8, 2012. Workshop on Oct. 14-15, 2012. Dimarao on Feb 8, 2012
  2. 2. Editorial Board Editorial People say culture is what binds us Chairman: Abdul Hamidullah T. Atar, MPA together. While this is true, if not given due care and attention, it could also be the Editor-in-Chief: Sherifa Rohannie O. Kadil-Adiong entity that can destroy us. Some of you Lay-out & Design: Luis Siddick F. Adiong may or may not agree. Let us take rido, for example. Rido or clan feuds, are said to be a part and Contributors: parcel of the Meranao culture since time immemorial. In some other similar forms, it also exists in other Muslim tribes in the Omaima S. Marabur country. But is rido something we Muslims Fahad Salic can truly be proud of? Loss of lives...loss Skip Garibaldi Islam of properties...loss of identity and career... Do we really want to be known for rido? Hayadullah Atar Seriously, is this truly the Islamic way of Atty. Abdul Gaffor “AJ” Alonto Jr. living? Tomoko Watanabe –San The initiatives of RIDO, Inc. in reconciling clan skirmishes complement other rido-settling bodies in Lanao. Some people may not understand fully its true intentions but “actions speak louder than Table of Contents words” so to speak. Antagonists can only do so much. Putting an end to 163 Cover Page .................................................................1 rido cases over the past 6 years was not a breeze. Many just do not realize how Editorial .....................................................................2 much they have lost because of getting Message .....................................................................3 themselves in rido. And even if they are Mapping Area of Organizational Operation ..............4 aware of it, the Meranao maratabat gets TAF Achievements ....................................................5-7 in the way. The distorted principle of non-apology, arrognce, and guilt-less Clan Activities ...........................................................8-9 perception added to its already pungent Clan Wars in Lanao . .................................................10-11 taste. So probably the best approach is STRIDE/ERRCM Achievements . .............................12-13 simply to avoid one. And the RIDO, Inc. ingenuity of clan organizing has been the Transforming Tragedies into New Tomorrows ..........14 answer to this quest. Self-Transfomation from MBLP Experiences ...........15 Finally then, culture cannot be My Story Line ............................................................16-17 changed overnight so maybe, rido cannot be transformed dramatically as well. But GPH and MILF Framework Agreement ....................18-19 somehow it can be mitigated with proper Reflections on the Framework Agreement . ...............20 education and orientation at the grassroots, Islamophobia . ............................................................20 placing utmost importance on peace and PHOTO GALLERY ...................................................21-39 harmonious relationships. Sharing of best practices and experiences cannot be Back Cover ................................................................40 undermined. The prime movers of RIDO, Inc. have proven its strategies effective and the help extended by its sponsors and supporters is priceless. Kudos to RIDO, Inc.! May your tribe increase.2
  3. 3. Message ASSALAMOALAIKOM WARAHMATOLLAHI WABARAKATOH After six (6) years of efforts for peace and development initiatives in the Lanao Provinces,Alhamdulillah, indeed it was a grateful and enriching experience. Working in a complex society is not an easytask. Sometimes, the aspiration for change succeeded then oftentimes failed. But what is important for us issustaining the willingness to strive, with the hope to meet the aim for lasting and genuine peace, not only fortoday but also for the next generations to come. With all the narrative success stories on the ground, thesewould not have been possible if not for the collective and joint support from our local partners who share thesame goals and vision with us. The NGOs today have gained worldwide attention. Sometimes they serve as alternative institutionsthat address clamors, sentiments and even basic needs which boil down to weak governance and almost alwayssingle out poverty-stricken communities. What is not known to everyone is the difficulty in lobbying andobtaining projects from donors not to mention the time element as well as the obstacles and challenges inthe implementation of such projects particularly those related to social transformation. The onset of changeis inevitable and endless. I believe that positive social transformation for these target communities shouldstart within themselves, until they recognize their accountability, the intervention of “outsiders” will neversucceed. The level of advocacy among civil society groups is noticeably increasing. However, it needs amore holistic and coherent technique. Despite the differences in approaches to social issues, it must ensurethat it meets and sees the light at the end of the tunnel. The controversial Framework Agreement between theGovernment and the MILF is one channel for us to unite as one people, as one Bangsa Moro while gettinginvolved, participate and intervene on its process. It calls on us not just to advocate but initiate action, onceand for all, and stop the detractors of peace and ease the expectations and false hopes of the people. It will bea long journey. As MSUans also, we strongly appeal to all Marawinians to help protect and warrant peace and stabilitywithin the MSU main campus to be free from killings, political violence, rido, drugs and other criminalities.We deeply condemn all inhumane acts that took place within the campus premises. The University is the soleinstitution that promotes peace, harmony and cultural diversity which should be preserved and upheld. Let uspromote a more positive and encouraging image of Mindanao State University. In behalf of the RIDO team, our profound thanks and gratitude to The Asia Foundation for realizingour dreams in making Lanao a better and promising place to live in. Commendations also go to all individuals,organizations both local and international, clans, local governments, security sectors and other institutions whohave continued believing in our thrusts and advocacies for and of the people in the name of peace, justice anddevelopment in Lanao and in Mindanao as a whole. Thank you and more power. SGD. Abdul Hamidullah “Pogie” T. Atar, MPA MBLP FELLOW 3
  4. 4. Mapping Area of the Organizational Operation with Clan and Local Leaders is is is is is is c e l l is Local mediators refer to individuals representing traditional and religious leaders. Peace Committee members come from Municipal of Barangay Level, PNP or MILF partnered and trained by RIDO Inc., while clan elders refers to individual representing different sectors from the selected clans organized by RIDO Inc. of Theft,4
  5. 5. TAF ACHIEVEMENTS RIDO UPDATES ON PEACE INTERVENTIONS: Formation of Quick Response Team The formation of a Quick Response Team among the selected six (6) municipalities in the Lanao Provinces such as Municipalities of Binidayan, Balabagan, Marogong and Taraka in Lanao del Sur and Municipalities of Bacolod and Nunungan in Lanao del Norte Both military and PNP personnel in Lanao undertook conflict management and traditional justice system training. composed of selected twenty-two (22) covered barangays were all successfully conducted. It proved helpful in tracking down the existing and previous unresolved conflicts. The total number of participants who attended and graced the events was four hundred fifty-two (452) individuals. One hundred fifty- five (155) were women while two hundred ninety-seven (297) wereRIDO engagement of the formal security sectors for men.peace and good governance in the Lanao Provinces. The highlights of the one-day One of the most challenging activity included the identification building activities with the aim to of grassroots mediators who will actand crucial interventions handled by transform the peace security sectors as the response team when conflictsRIDO Inc., was its engagement with into more dynamic and responsive occur in their areas, identification offormal security forces. Previously, law enforcers. Admittedly, it was a existing clan feuds in the area andRIDO Inc. connected only with local very provocative endeavor to change prioritization of clan feuds to begovernments and informal sectors the mind set of trained combatants resolved under the DFID project.like clan elders, traditional and into peacemakers. General Daniel There was also a session showing thereligious leaders in the campaign A. Lucero of the 103rd Brigade said data in the areas covered by the projectfor peace building, good governance during a Peace Forum in Marawi through needs activity workshop.and the like. However, it turned that peace making is not only the The formal institutions such as theout that to become more effective task of security sectors but it must Philippine National Police personneland productive as change agents in assigned in the area expressed their be a collective work among allsociety, it needs a more collective, commitment to support the local peace stakeholders who want peace. leaders in strengthening peace anddynamic and shared vision by all He added that spoilers of peace security while the grassroots leadersstakeholders in the community should be prevented at all costs. He pledged to help mitigate and resolvetowards peace building. This is one mandated his fellow military men conflicts with their utmost efforts.of the realizations of Mr. Hamidullah to undergo trainings on culture of Aside from the said areas, the formerAtar, Executive Director of RIDO peace, good governance and other areas operated by RIDO inc., wereInc., and at the same time, one of the cultural sensitivity trainings and this also as for the conflict mappingfellows of the Mindanao Bridging act has truly inspired RIDO, Inc. including the Municipalities ofLeadership Program. Meanwhile, PNP Provincial Pualas and Poona Piagapo among From November 2011- Director Romeo S. Magsalos, others.November 2012, RIDO Inc. had a also a partner of RIDO, Inc.’sstrong partnership with the formal vision for peace and development,security sectors such as the PNP emphasized in all RIDO gatheringsand the AFP. As of now, there the importance of stakeholdersare 137 PNP personnel and 461 participation including the traditionalPhilippine Army in both Lanao and religious leaders in resisting theProvinces partnered and trained proliferation of localized rido infor local conflict resolution through Lanao.traditional justice system and peace 5
  6. 6. MUNICIPAL PEACE SUMMIT CLANS AS PARTNERS FOR PEACE BUILDING IN LANAO For the past six (6) years, RIDO the activities. The events also Inc., as pioneering organization for reminded the council of elders on clan-based peace organizing in Lanao the importance of the participation devised remarkable achievements of both formal and informal security in the preservation of Maranao sectors in the conduct of peace traditions, conflict resolution and building activities in order to sustain peace building. The most striking their advocacies on the ground. was its documentation of clan Clans are said to be the most Municipal Mayor of Taraka Atty. Odin influential sector in the Maranao Sumagayan, one of the Chief Executives in genealogies of Sultanate of Marawi the 6 municipalities giving positive remarks which includes Sidikadatu, Maruhom tribe. Decision making on sensitive and impressions on the series of peace summit Sidik, and Balindong Jaman, issues such as conflict resolution, activities. Sultanate of Madaya covering Sarip participation in the political arena, Batua and Datu A Petheelan Clan, community gatherings and others are Bae sa Radapan, Tara, Macabago, determined by the clan elders. Today, The series of peace summits Denian Rengko, and Pinagundo. This there is a need for advocacy on clan conducted in the six pilot areas in the clan organizing strategy proved very transformation for peace to continue Lanao Provinces including Balabagan, effective and drew strong potential the preservation of noble values and Marogong, Taraka, Binidayan in Lanao ways for peace building, i.e., local principles among Maranaos. del Sur and Bacolod and Nunungan conflict resolution. Further, these peace fora discussed in Lanao del Norte composed of The Clan Peace Forum triumphed the current unresolved conflict or selected twenty-two (22) barangays despite the obstacles along the way. rido within clans. Mechanisms were was enriching, motivating and very The events allowed for clan elders set by the elders to formally resolve successful. It was attended by the chief to express their insights, chronicles the skirmishes. Fund mobilization executives of the local government of successful local stories for peace by the clans were also deliberated. units, Municipal Peace Committee, after they were organized within their Indeed, the commitment of the PNP, military, MILF, MNLF, barangay respective clans. The Clan Peace elders towards genuine, lasting officials and other local mediators. Fora were represented by more than peace became more directed and The activities aimed to improve five hundred clan elders (500) from compact. The elders wanted to different areas in Lanao. Pledges establish sustainable and self-reliant the state-society relations and strengthen of commitment and support from activities. These clans were thankful collaboration among peace stakeholders elders in venturing the path of peace to The Asia Foundation for their in addressing localized conflicts. It also untiring support in the realization of and reconciliation and reflection served as a venue for participants to these productive programs. of the previous undertakings were get involved in dialogue exercises to among the most notable parts of address local peace and security issues. More than six hundred (600) local leaders graced the events. Part of the highlights included a review of the security standing of the areas under the projects, assessment of existing unresolved local disputes and come up strategies to address it, designing system and strategies to mitigate local conflicts at its early stage, impression from different sectors on General Assembly of Tara Clan at Hascon Hall , Clan Peace Forum of Radapan Sultanate on peace and security in their areas and Marawi City Dec 24, 2011 pledging commitment from both formal and informal institutions to continue their peace building advocacy. At some point, ideas clashed among the participants but in the end, they agreed on common terms of reference. The Peace Summit was also an avenue for local mediators to be recognized for their efforts and volunteering work with the formal institutions like the local Sultanate of Madaya Clan Peace Forum on One of the Institutional Meetings of the Pinagundo government and the PNP. December 13, 2011 Clan6
  7. 7. Strengthening Islamic CULTIVATING SOUND GOVERNANCE IN SELECTED AREAS IN LANAO Studies in the Philippines RIDO Inc., in partnership withMindanao State University - KingFaisal College of Islamic, Arabic andAsian Studies launched a ConsultativeMeeting with various heads and deansof universities offering tertiary Islamic Kalilintad Peace Summit among local leaders and mediators in the Lanao Provinces on Jan 9-10, 2012 at Iligan City.studies in Mindanao to improve thepotentials and capacities of these KALILINTAD PEACE SUMMIT IN LANAO Trainings on Leadership, Goodinstitutions by developing responsible It was noticeable that informal local Governance and Accountabilitymechanisms, systems and initiatives leaders in the communities were more Inefficient delivery of basicfor the attainment of better and quality concerned in terms of conflict resolutionIslamic education. services, weak peace and security and and peace building in many areas in the lack of social equity in many Moro Among the participants were Lanao Provinces. Most, if not all, localProf. Ahajul Amerul of Jolo, Prof. areas in the Lanao Provinces depict the government officials were absent in theirMagsaysay Werble of MSU Tawi-tawi, respective jurisdictions. Municipal Peace strong existence of poor governanceProf. Maulawi Calimba of MSU General Committee members, traditional, religious and leadership predicament amongSantos, Prof. Bashir Ismael of Basilan and clan elders acted as informal institutions LGUs. RIDO, Inc., in partnershipState College, Aleem Camaludden catering the needs and problems in the with The Asia Foundation held aAbdulHamid of JMIF, Aleem Abdul localities. RIDO Inc., launched the two- series of training workshops onKarim Siddiq of JMM, Aleem Hammad day Kalilintad Peace Summit to establish Leadership and Good GovernanceYousof of JPI, Prof. Ali B. Panda and collaborative effort among stakeholders in based on Islamic perspectives amongstaff of MSU KFCIAAS and Mr. Abdul addressing social issues and recognize theHamidullah Atar, RIDO Inc. Executive 8 pilot municipalities in the Lanao efforts and hard labor by local partners in areas including Nunungan, PoonaOfficer. A provincial consultative promoting peace and stability. This eventmeeting and regional summit were seen Piagapo, Balabagan, Binidayan, was attended by more than eighty (80) localas imperative as part of the follow-on leaders in Iligan City with the support of Pualas, Marogong, Marawi City andactivities for this project supported by The Asia Foundation. others. The local chief executives andThe Asia Foundation. other officials from the municipal and Formulation of Barangay barangay levels were present. The Conflict Management Trainings Development and Security Plans of participants were open to raise various questions addressed to their local chief the Pilot Areas in Lanao executive. This event was geared to train and promote citizen participation in local governance through dialogues via democratic processes. It is vital for Maranaos to adopt the principles of good governance particularly in the selection of righteous, qualified and The knowledge and wisdom competent local leaders not based onof local leaders were enlightening and popularity, resources and the like tointeresting. Part of the initiatives of RIDO Six (6) pilot RIDO, Inc. - attain a prosperous and progressiveInc., was carrying out conflict management assisted barangays undertook Barangay Development and Security Plan Lanao. The series of activities was doneworkshops with local partners where theyget to share their best practices in managing Formulation in the Lanao areas covering in 2010 before election period.conflicts. In the conduct of several trainings Barangays Lumbac of Balabagan,for conflict management, Islamic, traditional Olama of Binidayan, Dimarao ofand modern theories were applied to sharpen Bacolod and 3 barangays in Poonathe knowledge and skills of local mediators Piagapo —- Nunungan, Tangclao andin conflict mitigation serving as conduit for Piangamangaan. The outputs of thisconflict mapping. It is was observed that planning will serve as guidelines forparticipants had different dynamic skills in the proposed peace and developmentlocal conflict resolution. intervention in the area. 7
  8. 8. CLAN ACTIVITIES Newly-Organized Clans: Peace Enterprise Project Humanitarian Assistance Launching the Salsilah of Pinagundo and Denian Rengko Clan Clan-based peace organizing has been used as a tool for peace and reconciliation in the Lanao Provinces. It is not easy to implement as it has a lot of challenges in the process but doable anyhow. Clan organizers must possess the required One of the most crucial and There are two forms of facilitating skills to convene and organize which challenging interventions for peace disasters in Lanao---human and includes tracing and compiling genealogies. and development is the sustainability natural disasters. On December The Pinagundo Clan of the Sultanate of Butig of the project. The sustainability 2011, RIDO, Inc., distributed of Unayan has approximately eight (8) thousand of Clan-Based Peace Project is 1,500 relief assistance to the members composed of 7 major families namely very taxing. It needs more time victims of Sendong floods Morodan, Bagowa Olama, Maguinar, Kairan, and means. As the pioneer of clan particularly the Municipality of Daga, Lubpha and Kolambo, all situated in the organizing project, one identified Taraka, LDS. The food items Municipalities of Butig, Lumbac-a-Unayan and strategy to sustain its operation is by establishing an enterprise project were sponsored by The Asia Lumbayanague, Lanao del Sur. There were forty Foundation, CAFOD and Zuelleg (40) identified council of elders from the clan from which clans may derive resources. Subsequently, the clan Foundation in partnership with who swore to support peace building, conflict its municipal government. On the resolution and family reconciliation. Dr. Steven organized may be transformed into a cooperative to cater both profit other hand, the ERRCM project Rood witnessed the launching of their Salsilah and non-profit activities. Right now, through RIDO, Inc., also provided on July 1, 2012 with more than five hundred there are three (3) pilot clans which 500 non-food items distributed to (500) spectators. started to engage in enterprise the areas affected by the previous On the other hand, the Denian Rengco project. The Sultanate of Madaya, conflicts between MILF and GPH Clan was also organized this year. This clan Denian Rengco and Bae sa Radapan at the Municipality of Bacolod is currently situated at the Municipalities of as pilot clans began to mobilize particularly Barangay Dimarao, Balabagan, Kapatagan and Marogong, Lanao resources to put up counterparts for West Dilabayan, Pagayawan and del Sur. It has approximately five (5) thousand the establishment of business with Puned. members composed of nine (9) major families the aim that even after the project Peace Education: Tool for Clan such as Abang, Boring, Dibawingan, Domongko, duration, they become self-reliant, Kaoring, Malunsay, Mariza, Sagayadan and empowered and be able continue Transformation Sibowan. They have also identified thirty-five what they have started for the welfare (35) council of elders who are peace builders of their clan and community. working on local conflict resolution. On October 13, 2012, their clan genealogy was launched in Strengthening Municipal Marogong with the participation of its mayor, Col. Ceasar Yadao, and other dignitaries with Health Station more than 1,000 clan members in attendance. One effective way to transform Both clans hoped to unite their clans into pro-active, productive, helpful, resilient and agents for peace respective members, help one another, preserve is for them to understand the culture of Maranao culture and act as instruments of peace peace. All the clans organized by RIDO, and security in the area through reconciliation Inc. embarked on peace education after they are organized. The Project is part of training to enhance and appreciate the the support from The Asia Foundation through principles and value of peace according UK-Department for International Development. RIDO, Inc. Executive to Islamic perspectives. Aquida, Ibadah Officer Abdul Hamidullah Atar acted Akhlaq, Moamalat and Muasharat as local consultant, organizer and were some of the important topics facilitator in the implementation of provided during the training. It has been anticipated that all participants in the Zuelleg Project which consisted the training were able to comprehend of health stations and medical and strengthen their relationship with facilities in the municipalities of the Almighty Allah, their families and Taraka and Balindong, Lanao del neighbors, their environment and all of Sur. God’s creations.8
  9. 9. Education and Violence in Mindanao State University (MSU) - Main Campus by Masbud “Skip” A. Gaima IICol. Romeo Magsalos receiving a token from multistakeholders leaders in Lanao during the ConsultativePlanning for Peace on Nov 26, 2011. The legislator who authored the law that created MSU One hundred youth leaders in Lanao convened for a Peace Summit on Dec 20-21, 2010 at Midway,primarily envisioned to provide relevant education to the native Misamis, Oriental.Muslims so as for them to be fully integrated in the nationalbody politic. It is a widely accepted belief that education isa way to progress and development of man. The attainment Transformed Barangays in Youth Participation for Peaceof educational development necessitates the transformation Marawi-POLONIANS EMIRATES Building for Lanaoof one’s value system from a violent one to a progressiveand peaceful life. Knowledge (Western proto-type secular 2009 The youth had a vital role in theeducation) should be instilled on the Muslim populace for them promotion of peace in Lanao all theseto unlearn the predominance of violent ideas in their lives. It isonly then that they become a significant part of the Philippine years. In summary, there were 106society. Thus is the basic reason behind the creation of MSU. youth leaders representing schools The MSU System is now more than 50 (fifty) years old. and universities from the LanaoIt celebrated its Golden Jubilee anniversary last year. Each areas magnificently including out ofsemester, the academic institution produces thousands of school youth, youth organizationsgraduates from various fields of disciplines. Not only doesthe Muslim community benefit from this university; even non- and clans who shed light on the Gen. Daniel Lucero accepting a token of appreciationMuslims (Christians and Highlanders) are enjoying the same from Chairman of Polonian Emirates 2009 composed peace agenda.benefits. If education may be equated to peace, then on the of 8 Barangays in Marawi during Peace Forum at MSU The event bridged young minds on Sept 8, 2012.basis of the number of graduates that MSU has generated, we by sharing their own perspectivescan, more or less, presume that our society must be dominated Polonian Emirates 2009 was on pertinent social issues andby peaceful and highly civilized people. leadership crises confronting the organized by individual peace volunteers But the question that still crops up in our inquisitiveminds is why violence continues to wreak havoc that even representing different stakeholders in the Maranao people. They shared theirinside the campus which is supposed to be a neutral ground community who have grave concerns individual visions for Lanao duringhas become a land of crimes. This scenario leads one to on peace and well-being of 8 barangays group discussions. At the samesurmise that education indeed is not a sufficient basis for the in Marawi City namely Bacolod Chico, time, the participants enhanced theirfinal achievement of a non-violent and stable society. What Toros, Lumbac, Tuca, Pindolonan, knowledge and leadership skillsis required is a comprehensive approach in resolving our Amito, Dayawan and Poona Marantao. based on the inputs delivered bydeteriorating social conditions. This includes effective security These barangays served as models resource speakers expressed throughmeasures to ensure safety from perceived dangers to our for peace and security as signified by itspeople and also with those who sojourn in our places. strong commitment in terms of time and group interactions, reporting and Nevertheless, we cannot impute the blame to the resources to ensure peace and stability open forum as well as role playingpresent administration in MSU the series of violence and in their areas. Polonian Emirates 2009 where everyone was encouraged tocriminal acts perpetrated within the campus premises. These has three main thrusts —- preservation speak their thoughts and ideas.also occurred in the past administrations. But this must not of culture, forbidding what is wrong and The youth leaders also constrainedbe put into limbo and allow the perpetrators of the dastardly enjoying what is right and improving to uphold clean and orderly electionsacts remain scot-free. The criminals must be punished for thecrimes they committed. Through our collective efforts and peace and security in the area. The Peace through IEC campaigns; to forbidsincere acts in suppressing violence and criminalities, we can Forum was conducted at Marawi Resort what is bad and enjoy what is goodsolve them and ultimately prevent their recurrence. Hotel on September 8, 2012 with the in all aspects of living; to practice The local community should assist the government and presence of 103rd Brigade Commander Islamic and noble traditionalthe MSU administration in quelling violence and lawlessness in Daniel A. Lucero, traditional and values including care, respect andthe campus. Because what is at stake in this case is not only religious leaders, barangay officialsthe interest of MSU officials, faculty members and students but and some officers of Polonian Emirates love for one another and the like.also the collective security of our people who live in the campus 2009. Similar activities were conductedand its adjacent areas. The MSU as an academic institution for youth empowerment and skillsshould be spared from violence and criminal activities. It should enhancement training.be declared and respected as a “sanctuary of peace”. 9
  10. 10. Clan Wars in Lanao: New Dynamics and Approaches for Conflict Resolution and Management Abdul Hamidullah “Pogie” Atar The term “rido” evolved from strong appeal influence among and dimamusimusik (frying of shrimp), the root word ridowae which means family members with their welfare biotosan sa alad a kabebeguran “enemy,” used when colonizers first in general as top consideration. Clan (destroying of walls), tinimbakan sa invaded Mindanao and the Moro organizing among the Maranao people sinapang (firing guns), and biomboran warriors defended their land and, is very important now as the role of sa ombi a mayaopen (spreading ashes). consequently, called their colonizers as clan elders and traditional leaders has Also, whoever violates the agreed taritib ridowae. When the colonizers left, the gradually weakened. and ijma on social conduct and ethics is Moro people, particularly the Maranao subject to corresponding wrath from the tribe, applied a mixture of systems and With the introduction of the unseen supernatural powers of gapen mechanisms in dealing with conflict democratic structure of leadership, (black magic), na-as (bad luck), songkor resolution or governance, namely the sultans and datus are losing ground. (destruction) and begaw (disease due to traditional laws, Philippine legal system The colonial and the present system curse). and the Shariah or Islamic methods. In of government have disempowered the the latter part, the concepts and forms of traditional leaders and disintegrated Witness to the adoption of conflict resolution among the Maranao the traditional structure of governance. the traditional laws was the old people and other Muslim tribes in Though recognition is still bestowed, the book among Maranaos in the four Mindanao also became confusing and significance of the traditional structure pangampong including the following complicated. and system has been neglected. old kitab (books): Mokadam in Unayan, Maradika in Masiu, Dibolodan Rido has become part and parcel Clan organizing is one way of in Bayabao, and Kiraat in Baloi. The of Maranao culture and tradition reviving the cultural values and Maranao forefathers also prohibited despite its damaging effects as some relationships among Maranaos to and reminded their descendants not to confrontations can be costly in terms somehow address the proliferation of commit the following: manganiyaya sa of human lives and materials. Rido rido in Lanao. There are several social kawali (grabbing land), manganiyaya is the most chaotic and tragic social core values that regulate human relations sa adat (usurping traditional positions), phenomenon in Maranao society. When among Maranaos in their communities, manganyaya sa tamok (grabbing a family is involved in a rido, most of its including kapamagogopa (mutual wealth), manganyaya sa niyawa socio-cultural, economic and spiritual assistance), katetebanga (communal (killing), golaola sa okit a kaplalalim activities are limited if not totally halted. reciprocity), kapoporaowa-e (prestige or (swindling), and magantangan sa Conflicting parties are then focused on being held in esteem), kapamagongowa pamikiran a makabinasa ko pedkiran sa retaliation and defending their families (being valued), kasesela-e (giving due taros a ikowat iyan (planning to harm during clashes. Diversion of family recognition), kapamagadata (giving due someone). activities are quite serious that even respect), and kapamagawida (mutual Though awareness and belief of these the education of children of families support). are still strong in the Maranao culture, involved in conflicts is set aside for fear some aspects are slowly diminishing of retaliatory attacks. From the time of the Maranao especially among the new generation forefathers, the general applicability and one of the reasons why the CLAN ORGANIZING: of these principles in the adoption significance and the actual application of traditional laws has been strongly of friendship and mutual respect among The Maranao people have a observed through rituals which include Maranaos are fading as well. In effect, collective culture by nature. Family piarungan sa solo a lomalanggidab killings, robbery and inflicting injuries elders are highly respected and possess (putting off fire), tipudan sa balagen can be easily committed by some authority bonded with responsibilities (cutting rattan), linilayan sa gie people because of lesser understanding to make sure family members do what a lomolombay (hanging of green and awareness of the moral values and is best for the majority rather than what grass), pisa-an sa orak (cracking of ethics taught by the taritib and ijma. is best for themselves. In dealing with chicken egg), sindagan sa odang a rido, the elders are expected to show Land disputes resulting to multiple killings at Tubaran, Attempted rape resulting to killing and serious injuries Theft and estafa resulting to multiple killings at Reckless imprudence resulting to multiple injuries LDS resolved on April 5, 2010 at Marogong, LDS resolved on August 16, 2010 at Marawi City Nunungan, LDN resolved at Kormatan on Nov 20, 2010 resolved at Balabagan, LDS on January 5, 201110
  11. 11. Indeed, the time-old values Lanao del Sur, Lanao del Norte and or tracing the relationship of bothpossessed by Maranaos should be Marawi City. No rido in the Lanao parties. The mediators start thethe key to the non-proliferation of provinces has been formally resolved negotiation indirectly through thekillings or rido. Clan organizing is without tracing the genealogies of close relatives of the conflictingintricate and a huge task to perform. the conflicting parties. parties and discuss the hokum orIt requires understanding and support Another importance of salsilah corresponding mode of punishmentfrom family members and clan is the systematization of traditional or settlement in general.leaders. Among the activities in clan leadership among Maranaos. Salsilah When the mourning process isorganizing include identification of neutralizes candidates for traditional sufficiently undertaken, the mediatorspotential family and clan leaders, positions. It facilitates conceding if usually divide their group into two.skills enhancement, monitoring interested parties are not qualified One is assigned to the offended partywork, strengthening relationships, for the position. Salsilah making is and other to the offending party.establishing linkages and one of the most challenging tasks As the mediators work to lessennetworking, transfer of knowledge among researchers and development grief and tone down feelings, theyand skills, recognizing grassroots workers. also consider proposals from bothsentiments, systematizing traditional parties. After the emotional phase,leadership and Salsilah-making. Summary of Traditional the mediators meet several times Process for Dispute to answer the needs and discussSALSILAH-MAKING: Settlement the proposals from the conflicting parties. Should the feuding parties Determining clan genealogies Traditional methods in dispute agree on the mode of settlement,is the main output of clan organizing settlement ensure a “win-win” the corresponding requirementsby Rido, Inc. Since its inception five solution for all parties involved in a for traditional mechanism includeyears ago, seven (7) major clans have rido. However, critical time ensues pangangawidan, like blood money,been unified thru the organization when the mediators or clan elders to be complied by the offendingby tracing their lineages such as pacify the situation amidst killings party. The venue and invitation ofSultanate of Marawi composed of or retaliations. Once the elders the elders and other leaders who arethree major clans namely Sidikadatu, neutralize the aggrieved parties, part of the settlement shall also beMaruhom Sidik and Balindong the elders can appeal to a process deliberated.Jaman; Sultanate of Madaya with called gamaken (literally to “hold In other words, the negotiationstwo major clans such as Sarip on” to the case). After the mediators between parties conclude withBatua and Datu A Petheelan; Bae sa pronounce their willingness to a truce. Speeches by conflictingRadapan, Tara Clan, Macabago Clan, handle the case, both parties return parties and the mediators as well asPinagundo Clan and Denian Rengko to their respective places and discuss the final swearing on the Qur’an areClan with approximately eighty strategies and modes of settlement. essential parts of the program duringthousand (80,000)membership. The mediators play important roles settlement. Representatives of the Making salsilah began by in preventing the escalation of rido parties are reminded to focus theiridentifying potential leaders who into more radical courses of action. speeches on the relationship of theare influential in conflict-resolution When mediators feel that both parties by blood and essence of unityand other peace interventions in parties could not agree on the mode and reconciliation. After swearingLanao. To date, 90% of clan profiles of settlement, retaliation is expected. to the Qur’an, they return to thehave been collected from the seven The most effective mediators are kambatabataa or family relationsmajor clans mentioned. The collated neutral families, called sukudan, to protect one another and the casedata were validated 12 times over who are connected to both parties. is totally closed. Involved partieswith representatives from the elders The traditional or local leaders in embrace one another as a symbolof each clan to ensure genuine the community are also effective of acceptance and willingness toaffiliation. As a result, conflicts depending on the degree of their end the case formally. Then foodwere avoided in selecting traditional integrity and personal background. and refreshments for kandoripositions within the clan. When appropriate mediators (celebration) are served followed by At present, there are more pronounce their willingness to help prayers.than 500 elders recognized in the facilitate the resolution of rido, thethree organized clans to facilitate process is called gamaken. Theyand mediate various conflicts in start by disclosing the genealogiesCompetition of position resulting to physical injuries Land disputes and misunderstanding resulting to Election-related violence resulting to killings at Pualas, Theft resulting to killings at Nunungan, LDN resolved resolved at Pantao Ragat on Dec 8, 2011 killings resolved at Marogong on Dec 21, 2011 LDS resolved at Malabang on March 15, 2012 at Kormatan, LDN on Sept 18, 2012 11
  12. 12. STRIDE/ERRCM ACHIEVMENTS Strengthening Response to Internal Displacement in Infrastructure Component Mindanao (Stride) Project Barangay Tangclao of Poona Piagapo then enjoyed potable water system level II and thirty (30) core shelters with sanitary facilities after Distribution of school supplies among 350 children at Barangay Tangclao, Piangamangaan and Nunungan in Poona Piagapo, LDN in 2010. the impacts of armed devastation in 2003 and 2008. The other barangays, Poona Piagapo, Lanao del Norte DELIVERY OF CORE Piangamangaan and Nunungan, is one of the municipalities in the also received a number of core Lanao Province that is antagonized SERVICES shelters, Botika ng Barangay and by several forms of disasters. One merchandise and other basic needs of the hazardous phenomena was armed conflicts which commonly Services for Children in the community. Health stations with health facilities were also made include clan disputes and the recurring war episodes between Three hundred fifty (350) available to ensure proper health care delivery system. Said barangays the Muslim secessionists and the children from three identified were privileged and pleased to be Philippine government forces. Most barangays were recipients for the part of the project. of the communities in this area were STRIDE project of EU-UNDP Act affected in 2000 and 2003. Exposure for Peace Program on emotional Rebuilding Social to armed conflict has clearly and rehabilitation project. It covered Cohesion worsened the poverty situation weekly feeding activities to ensure in Poona Piagapo just like other adequate nutrition. The children also To secure sustainability conflict-affected communities in the province. Consequently, children received complete school supplies in all projects provided in the and women are among the most to motivate them to attend class area, challenging tasks such as vulnerable groups in the situation. regularly. social preparation, data gathering Forced to stay at evacuation centers and peace maintenance were during emergency situations, Recreational facilities were steered. Supplemental were similar displaced people have to make the also provided for the children. activities related to culture of best out of the congested place which Trauma and psychosocial workshops peace, organizational management, lack basic and sanitary facilities aside were held regularly to gradually disaster preparedness and others from having to contend with scarcity heal the distresses they experienced thus enhancing the knowledge of of food and water supply. Hardships IDPs while lessening prejudice continued especially for those upon during past conflicts. The cold and and biases that stemmed from the returning home found their properties appalled faces and expressions impacts of clashes. There were also or houses burned or destroyed, crops of children were transformed and consultations, dialogues and conflict damaged or harvested by others and eventually, they became livelier and resolutions on the ground to uphold other means of livelihood vanished. happier as the activity progressed. peace and security in the locality.12
  13. 13. Early Recovery and Rehabilitation Project in Barangay Dimarao, Bacolod, LDNBACKGROUND Barangay Dimarao is locatedabout 31 kilometers southwest ofIligan City, and is an interior barangayabout 8 kilometers from the Bacolodnational highway. Its total land area isapproximately 776.78 hectares, with totalhousehold of more than two hundred,that is, more than seven hundred(700)population. Due to its remoteness, thebarangay has been a beneficiary tolocal government initiatives, however,the level of development is still waybelow the standards of more developedbarangays due to lack of resources in Secretary Luwalhati Antonino of MinDA visiting the IDP site in Bacolod, Lanao del Norte together with the local andthe past. Unfortunately, residents of said provincial officials , ERRCM and RIDO staff during Mindanao Week of Peace Celebration on November 23, 2011.barangay were also previous IDPs whichserve as basis for them to be the targetbeneficiaries of this project provided ON CAPACITY for conflict mediation and the like.by European Union and UNDP through BUILDING Despite individual differences, theMindanao Development Authority and efforts ensured conflict resolution innon-ARMM desk. Several trainings were the area. conducted in preparation for project implementation on disaster ON LIVELIHOOD management, conflict management, leadership and good governance, The community was also aided family planning, psycho-social with several livelihood endeavors issues and other technical assistance. Emphasis was given toON INFRA DEVELOPMENT the formulation of policies for the Infrastructure-wise, thirty (30) project provided. Here it is learnedselected IDPs received core shelters that one of the major obstacles in thewhile twenty (20) persons availed of implementation of the project wascore shelter repair. In addition, a potable social preparation on the ground duewater system level II and day care centerwere also constructed through the Local to differences in political affiliationsGovernment of Bacolod in partnership of community members as well aswith RIDO Inc. The locals were grateful their backgrounds, values and mind including enterprise project,for these projects. sets. tools and inputs for bio-extensiveON ENHANCING LOCAL gardening and others. In addition,GOVERNANCE ON PEACE there were eleven (11) community members trained for carpentry skills Part of the project intervention CONSTITUENCY enhancement through TESDA towas improving local governance. The avail of employment opportunitiesBarangay Development Plan was Rebuilding social cohesion was in the future aside from being aformulated using participative and also a feature of the project. Thecollective approach. Right now, it has potential project itself for the area.a working comprehensive plan for the community leaders were trainedcommunity. 13
  14. 14. Transforming Tragedies into New Tomorrows By: Tomoko Watanabe, Executive Director of ANT-Hiroshima People of all places observe days responsible for the destruction of many of tragedy that they cannot forget, days communities in the Philippines and the when death claimed the lives of others deaths of many Filipinos. of their community or society. Each year when such days arrive, emotions And Ifugao suffered some of that are normally contained - feelings of the most terrible battles, where large sorrow, anger, and hatred - well up and numbers of Filipinos, Japanese, and sometimes spill over. Americans lost their lives. I listened to the sorrow of the people of Ifugao In Hiroshima, that day is August 6. and the Philippines and my heart filled The atomic bombing of August 6, 1945, with sorrow, too, the sorrows of both killed scores of people and turned the Hiroshima and Mindanao. The sad fact is city of Hiroshima into ash, a radioactive that the tragedies born from conflict and desert. Even today, the hibakusha - the war may be different in circumstance, A-bomb survivors - are suffering from but the pain is the same everywhere. the aftereffects of the radiation released by that bomb some 67 years ago. At With this deep sorrow in my heart, the same time, there are those making I asked the students to ponder what efforts to overcome the sorrow, anger, we can do to help transform tragedy and hatred and transform these tragedies into peace and love. Pogie and the into new tomorrows. They not only other young leaders of Mindanao also invest passion and action into resolving shared their peace building efforts and conflict, their deep commitment to the the things they have learned through welfare of all human beings stirs them to their activities. At the end of the forum seek a lasting peace in their area and in a young woman from Ifugao State the wider world. I believe such people, University came up to me and said, “My with their endless, smiling endurance, grandmother told me about the awful are the world’s true peace builders. experiences she suffered during the war. But she also said that it wasn’t the In the spring of 2011, 16 of these Japanese that should be blamed, but war peace builders from the Philippines itself.” Her words lifted me, and warmed paid a visit to Hiroshima. They were a my spirit. Our hope lies in young people group of young leaders taking part in like her, and like Pogie. a JICA training program on postwar reconstruction and peace building. It was To break the chains of sorrow, then, in my role as a trainer for JICA, pain, and hatred, those who have lived that I met Abdul “Pogie”Hamidullah. through war and its aftermath must At our JICA session, we shared our convey to young people the lessons they experiences and discussed concrete have learned through their suffering. ways to build peace. The more I learned Young people must then make use of about conditions in the Philippines, and this wisdom to keep conflictat bay and the more I sensed the passion of young build peace. leaders like Pogie, the stronger my desire grew to join hands with them and In the spirit of the A-bomb help build peace in the Philippines. survivors, who have sought to overcome the tragedy they suffered by seeking In February 2012, I visited the peace for the world, I strive to work Philippines to attend a peace forum, hand in hand, beyond borders, to help an event sponsored jointly by Ifugao turn such tragedies into new tomorrows State University and JICA. Pogie took for future generations. The NGO I lead, part in this forum, too, making the ANT-Hiroshima, is a small grassroots journey from Mindanao, and we each organization, but like ants themselves, offered presentations to the students who may be small and powerless alone, of Ifugao State University. Ifugao is a I believe that when we work together, place of significance for the Japanese we can accomplish anything. people. During World War II, Japan was14
  15. 15. Self-Transformation from MBLP Experiences “The Rido Resolution System, our Access toJustice and a Manifestation of our Right to Self Determination” A Bridging Leaders Project of Atty. ABDUL GAFFUR MADKI HOWARD MACATBAR ALONTO II My journey as a bridging leader (BL)of the Mindanao Bridging Leaders Program(MBLP) of the Asian Institute of Management(AIM) is truly an intervention of the Divine. Fellows of Mindanao Bridging Leadership Program including Asia Institute of Management Team Energy facilitatorsI am a Public Prosecutor of the Department and coaches of the program during the 1st workshop for Cohort II in February 2012 at AIM Compound, Manila.of Justice for Iligan City, a major casualty of of a Peace and Order Committee which, forTyphoon Sendong, one which we in law call as the moment, I will call Mushawara Kalilintad, Strengthening Traditionala fortuitous event, an act of God for the layman.Because of Sendong, I came to realize that I have that will resolve Rido-related conflicts whose Justice System, a Road to Peace members will be composed of the Honorablea far greater purpose apart from being a public Provincial Governor and representatives of the 16 and Reconciliationprosecutor five days a week. With BL, my eyes By: MBLP Fellow Hamidullah Pogie Atar Panoroganan, the 28 Phumbayabaya sa Taritib,were opened to that greater purpose. the Ulama or religious leaders, the Integrated I started as a community peace Bar of the Philippines-Lanao del Sur Chapter, the At the onset, a BL was made to choose volunteer ten years ago when the height Provincial Prosecutor’s Office and the Judiciary.a societal divide which he or she would like to of conflicts in Mindanao took place. I This will be institutionalized through theaddress by initiating a lasting and continuous enactment of a Board Resolution and Ordinance experienced the tremendous impact of thechange to “bridge” that divide. Being immersed of the Sanguniang Panlalawigan of Lanao del conflicts both physical and psychologicalin criminal cases, I preferred to focus on the clash Sur and an Executive Order to be issued by theof our contemporary legal system against Taritib especially its effect on children and the Provincial Governor of Lanao del Sur. To provideago Igma or traditional and customary practices women. Me and my friends took the sustainability of this societal change, programsin settling Rido or disputes by institutionalizing a initiative to help the affected families and will also be initiated that would hopefully leadPeace Committee that would resolve Rido-relatedconflicts in lieu or in preference to our Rules on to the conception of a legislative proposal on the communities through relief assistance and Rido Resolution System that would be lobbied other forms of recovery interventions.Criminal Procedure. This endeavor was delayed either to both houses of Congress or to thewhen the Department informed me that they future members of the Bangsamoro government.could not support such program since it would Through the years, I realized that At the end of the program, InshaAllah, I willmean a revamp of already existing laws, policies there are still more horrific situations consider the Executive Order of the Governor,and procedure which at that time was not feasible.Consequently, I changed my project and tried to the Ordinance and Resolution of the Provincial faced by the Meranao communities or Board creating the Mushawara Kalilintad and the Bangsamoro people. Aside fromaddress the divide relative to the definition of the legislative proposal on the Rido Resolution the structural violence, they were alsoautonomy arguing that the so-called Mindanao System as my gauge in determining the successproblem still persists because the autonomy tremendously affected by localize feuds of my BL journey.given to the Muslim Filipinos was not that which resulting from poor governance andwas agreed upon under the Tripoli Agreementand far from how the word is understood or used I am confident that I will be able to inadequate justice system. see this program through as I have great supportin the Constitution. Unfortunately, it was found not only from my coaches at AIM and MSU-IIT I pioneered the initiatives for clan-to be too pervasive and ambitious that a societal but most especially from my co-fellows of thechange was not possible within the 13-month based organizing in Lanao as a tool for MBLP whom I hope would forgive me as there isprogram period. But by Divine Intervention once local conflict resolution which my current a need to give distinction to one of them and thatmore, on October 15, 2012, the Muslim Filipinos is to Mr. Pogie Atar of RIDO, Inc. It is because fellowship for the Bridging Leadershipwere victorious as the Bangsamoro Framework, of Pogie and RIDO, Inc. that my project is given Program of AIM was a very helpfula furtherance of our autonomy founded on our credence as they have paved the way for the development training towards communityright to self-determination, was signed thereby likes of me and my activities, they have alreadycreating an opportunity for me to proceed with and clan engagements for peace building. It established the roads that I will tread on, a roadmy previous project on the justice system. provided me clearer direction of my calling, that may be rough and faced with many obstaclesWithout much ado, the Bangsamoro Framework but directed to that one direction which is peace aspiration and societal divide that needsmandates that the Basic Law to be crafted for the in Mindanao, particularly in Lanao del Sur. to address the Meranao community. TheBangsamoro shall provide for justice institutions partner elders and other peace communitythat reflect the plurality and diversity of the Because of these Divine Interventions,communities in the Region. stakeholders shared my vision towards I have found my calling and that is to use all my our journey for peace by establishing co- knowledge, competence and abilities in helping InshaAllah, with the help of my Guiding my people attain their desire for peace, peace ownership and co-creating principles. RightCoalition and Core Group, I will be conducting with freedom and justice and no longer the peace now, I am not alone and the hopelessnesscertain activities aimed at establishing the Rido resonating from the silence of the graveyard. sees a silver lining ahead.Resolution System anchored on the creation 15