Major issues in infrastructure

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Major issues in infrastructure with WITH SPECIAL RELEVANCE TO RAIL AND ROAD TRANSPORT

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Major issues in infrastructure

  1. 1. MAJOR ISSUES IN INFRASTRUCTURE WITH SPECIAL RELEVANCE TO RAIL AND ROAD TRANSPORT<br />By:<br />Vinyas S<br />
  2. 2. Introduction..<br />Development of INDIAN economy depends on the development of the transport sector.<br />Greater need required to improve the transport facility.<br />At affordable and reasonable price.<br />Impact of Inflation.<br />
  3. 3. MAJOR ISSUES IN INFRASTRUCTURE:<br />India v/s Western Countries.<br />Rural v/s Urban.<br />Planning and Investment.<br />Execution and implementation. <br />
  4. 4. RAILWAYS:<br />Plays a crucial role in the economic development.<br />Largest in Asia and Second largest in world.<br />
  5. 5. Rail network of INDIA<br />
  6. 6. Railways and the plans:<br />1st Plan – Rehabilitation.<br />2nd Plan – Meet the growing demand due to increased production in the agricultural and industrial sectors of the economy.<br />3rd Plan – Electrification and dieselization.<br />4th Plan – To modernize the railway equipment and practices.<br />5th Plan – Track renewals and line capacity.<br />
  7. 7. Railways and the plans:<br />6th Plan – More revenue for the rolling stock.<br />7th Plan – Technological upgradation.<br />8th Plan – Capacity generation.<br />9th Plan – Long distance, bulk freight and passenger traffic.<br />10th Plan – Regaining some of the business it lost to other modes of transport.<br />
  8. 8. Railways and the plans:<br />11th Plan:<br />Capacity Enhancement.<br />Technology Upgradation.<br />Achieving higher maintenance standards.<br />Safety and Passenger Amenities.<br />
  9. 9. Problems and Issues: <br />Technology Upgradation.<br />Expansion of Networks.<br />Financial Arrangements.<br />budgetary support is absent. <br />Tariff Policy.<br />Passenger Services and Freight Movement.<br />Many people being run over by trains.<br />
  10. 10. Advantages:<br />Convenient. <br /> Faster.<br /> Carrying heavy goods in large quantities.<br /> Less affected by natural calamities.<br />
  11. 11. Limitations:<br /> Expensive.<br /> Remote parts .<br /> Fixed.<br /> Accidents.<br />Stiff competition from private airlines.<br />
  12. 12. RAILWAY BUDGET 2010-2011BRIEF HIGHLIGHTS<br />
  13. 13. Cont..<br /> Gross earnings in 2009-10 estimated at Rs.88,281 crore.<br /> Working expenditure in 2009-10 estimated at Rs.83,440 crore <br />Expenses during 2010-11 estimated at Rs.87,100 crore <br /> Thrust on expansion in 2010-11 with allocation of Rs.4,411 crore <br />Kashmir rail link to be extended to Sopore in the north of the valley <br />Net profit of Rs.1,328 crore in 2009-10<br />10 automobile ancillary hubs to be created <br />
  14. 14. ROAD TRANSPORT<br />Roads are generally classified as:<br />National Highways.<br />State Highways.<br />District Roads.<br />Rural Roads.<br />
  15. 15. Road development in India:<br />Golden quadrilateral.<br />Largest road network.<br />
  16. 16. Cont..<br />7300 kilometers of four/six lane expressways connecting Srinagar, Kanyakumari, Porbandar and Silchar.<br />cost of US$ 12.317 billion.<br />59.12% project completion as of OCT 2009.<br />
  17. 17. Importance of Road transport in India: (As compared to railways)<br />Only means of transport to reach the nooks and corners of the country.<br />Provides door-to-door service.<br />Better means of transport to carry perishable goods.<br />Chances of delay and damages are less.<br />Do not require heavy capital expenditure.<br />Defense of the country.<br />
  18. 18. Rail-Road Coordination:<br /> -----<br />Short routes v/s Long routes.<br />Light v/s Bulky goods.<br /> Hence rail and road are complementary to each other.<br />
  19. 19. Advantages of Road Transport:<br />Cheaper mode of transport.<br />Perishable goods at a faster speed.<br />Flexible mode. <br />Provides door-to-door service.<br />Helps people to travel and carry goods from/to hilly areas.<br />Requires low capital.<br />
  20. 20. Limitations of Road Transport:<br />Expensive.<br />Limited carrying capacity.<br />Natural calamities.<br />Huge consumption of fuel.<br />Cost of operation is higher.<br />Risk, accidents, wear and tear.<br />
  21. 21. Budget 2010-2011..<br />Infrastructure<br />The Union Budget 2010-11 continued to lay stress on physical infrastructure development.<br />The Finance Minister (FM) has provided 46% (Rs1,73,552cr) of the total Plan allocation for infrastructure development .<br />Allocation for Road Transport has been raised by over 13% to Rs19,894cr.<br />Involve the private sector through BOT.<br />
  22. 22. Increase in MAT from 15 % to 18 % and reduction in surcharge from 10% to 7.5%.<br />In terms of contribution to the national gross product the railways account for 1 per cent of India’s GNP. <br />
  23. 23. Thank You<br />

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