Soma & Surahi
Wine & the
San Fernando, Chile ,14 July
Wine and Indian Mythology
• Gods (Devas) consumed wine as
their royal drink of choice.
• Asuras The dark contemporaries
(Demons) literal translation (One
Who doesn’t consume wine)
• Wine has been compared to Amrit & elaborated in the story of Samudra Manthan where
divine treasures were distributed between the gods and demons after a prolonged battle.
• The ninth chapter of Rig Veda devotes 114 verses in praise of Soma- Wine, considered to
be the ‘elixir of immortality’.
• In the practice of Yogic meditation too, Soma, the nectar of life was considered to bring
about a higher consciousness.
Republic of India
Location: South of Asia , between Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal
Geography Borders : Pakistán, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and
AREA: 3.3 million square kilometres
CAPITAL: New Delhi (Pop. 16 million)
Demography POPULATION: 1.18 billion; 28.9% Urban & 71.1% Rural
DENSITY : 343 habitants per square kilómetres
LIFE EXPECTANCY : 66.06 years (2009).
FORM OF GOVT.: Federal Republic; 28 States & 7 Union
Government PRESIDENT: Pratibha Patil
PRIME MINISTER: Manmohan Singh
• Young Nation – Over half of the current population is under 30 years age.
• During the next 15 years it will add heavily to the potential wine drinkers.
• Growing middle class expected to be 584 million according to a study by
McKinsey & Co.
• 94 million of this population will enjoy a higher purchase power owing to
the influx of MNCs.
• Increasing number of women consuming wine.
• Growing social acceptance of wine in traditional events.
The Challenges of Modern Times
Challenges of the Indian Constitution
1. India is a federal constitutional republic consisting
of 28 states and 7 union territories with a
parliamentary system of democracy. 1. Cumbersome procedures: Any
2. Each State can formulate its own policy and taxes technical lacunas and one could be
under Article 47 of the Indian Constitution.
prosecuted and jailed.
3. Article 47 says- …among its primary duties and,
in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring 2. Complicated license and registration
about prohibition of the consumption except for procedures that can cause too many
medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of delays.
drugs which are injurious to health.
3. De-bonding after a year- no recourse
to send the material back
Warehousing Challenges 4. Transfer Permits-time consuming
5. Each State of India formulates its own
1. Most public bonds not temperature controlled
2. Many private bonds work with air conditioning but
6. Dealing with 33 countries to sell.
switch of air con at night to save money
7. Complicated licensing and registration
3. Transportation is through non cooled trucks
4. Storage at the importer’s end not always proper
8. Prohibition in two states – Gujarat and
5. Storage at the retail shops mostly very poor though
now the big stores have become air-conditioned.
(Contd.)…... Duty Structure
Customs Duty (Federal) 150% on Assessable Value, CIF value+1% =151%
Additional Duty (Refundable): 4% on the total value=10%
Hotels & Restaurants – Nil , subject to conditions
Excise Duty: Varies in each state
VAT- Generally 20% but some states have lower while others are higher.
Delhi: 20-30% of MRP-Max. Retail Price appx.= customs duty or more
Mumbai : Slab rates- varies from appx. Rs.225-500, avg=Rs.300 a bottle
Bangalore : Approx. Rs. 225 a bottle
Related Links :-
Delhi : http://www.indianwineacademy.com/item_6_313.aspx
Mumbai : http://www.indianwineacademy.com/item_2_318.aspx
Bangalore : http://www.indianwineacademy.com/item_1_253.aspx
1 USD = 47.00 INR
Wine Vs. Whiskey etc.
Million Cases Per Annum
Evolution of the Imported bottled wines
• Imports of Wine Restricted till 2001. Govt. liberated import policy in the same year
• Hotels & Restaurants allowed Duty Free Exemption in 2002
• Bulk wines were imported earlier from Australia, South Africa and Chile
• Import of Bulk wine allowed but not economical due to heavy taxes
• The Market has grown by 20 - 25% in the last 5 years (Except 2009). It is expected to grow annually by
20-25% in the next 5 years.
Evolution of wine imports in India.
(Period 2004/2008, Values in USD thousand)
Code Item 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
220421 Bottled Wine 5,470.50 8,100.50 9,135.60 13,169.70 11,224.60
220410 Sparkling Wine 1,225.00 2,250.00 5,500.00 6,240.50 5,643.90
220429 Bulk Wine 635.00 789.20 846.60 2,144.00 1,669.60
Total 7,330.50 11,139.70 15,482.20 21,554.20 18,538.10
Annual % change - General 52.00 39.00 39.20 -13.90
Annual % change - Bottled 48.10 12.80 44.10 -14.70
Competition of imported bottled
• Approximate Imports 200,000 cases (2009).
• French 40%
• Australia & Italy 12-14% each
• Chile & USA 8-10 % each
• Others 15-20 %
(Argentina, Spain, South Africa, New Zealand, Germany, Austria, Portugal etc.)
• Price Range :
• Majority Wines at low end price range ( Less than US$3)
Desired Retail Price around Rs. 1000
• Reasonable Market Between $3 - $5
Psychological Barrier Rs. 1500
• Desired Level for Restaurants $3 - $9
• The sale of premium wines more than $12 is very limited.
• $51 to $500 also sell, though share less than 1% .
• High Duties / High Hotel Margins are the restrictive factors.
• Any individual, firm or company can import
• Bonded Warehouses Essential for Importers
• Private / Public Bonded Warehouses Allowed
• Excise Bonded warehouse mandatory for sales. Handled
by importer / wholesaler / distributor
• Importers not allowed direct retail
• Retailers must buy from licensed wholesalers
• Retails allowed through License only
Perception of Chilean
• Value for Money wine
• Available more easily in Retail
• Sparkling Wines have little presence
• People don’t know much about the Carmenere, though
they like the wine
• Sauvignon Blancs are highly appreciated
• Chardonnays are considered too Oaky
• Some Popular Brands : Frontera, Casillero del Diablo,
Anakena, Tarapaca, Caliterra, San Medin, Valdivieso,
Baron de Rothschild, Errazuriz, Montes, Casa Lapostolle,
Santa Digna , Santa Carolina
The Principle of the 5 P’s
1. Price – Focus on Low Price But not quality
2. Passion for India
3. Partnership – Marketing Equity and Long Term
4. Personal Appearance – Regular Visits of Wine Makers /
5. Participation in Wine Shows, Festivals and
6. THE SIXTH SENSE – Protect your payments
7. Selecting the Right Importer - Critical and Difficult.
For further information visit
Mr. Nestor Riveros , Minister Counsellor Commercial – PROCHILE, New Delhi
Mr. Suprio Bose , Commercial Advisor – PROCHILE, New Delhi, India.
Indian market is growing fast including imports. But it is a long term, difficult market with
good results expected, especially for the Chilean wines because of the good price-quality
Good luck. Buena Suerte!