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  • 1. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.comS.L. Kirloskar Birth Centenary Memorial LecturePune May 28, 2003TRANSFORMING INDIA INTO A KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY **I am indeed delighted to participate in the S.L. Kirloskar Birth Centenary Celebrationsand to deliver the Memorial Lecture. Shri Shantanu Laxmanrao Kirloskar was avisionary, a thinker-doer who led an exemplary life, which continues to inspire many.The Kirloskar enterprise was managed under the firm belief that sound management,better machines and more jobs would make a significant contribution for nationaldevelopment. S.L. Kirloskar was a global thinker who had the courage and theconfidence even in the pre-independence era. He looked at India as a part of the rest ofthe world and worked to make India globally competitive - that was his spirit ofpatriotism. When I was reading the autobiography of S L Kirloskar Cactus and Roses,one sentence captured by mind that is when productively used capital and materials, menand machines, yield results in proportions to the skill and brains of the user. What abeautiful thought. I am happy to note that in the post independence era one voice fromthe Kirloskars was very firm in establishing the concept of self-reliance.Vision for independence movement also created leadersSir CV Raman started his career in the Office of Accountant General, Calcutta. But thescientific mind in him probed and probed. Fortunately, it was supported by a greateducationalist Shri Ashutosh Mukherjee, who encouraged Sir CV Raman to pursue hisresearch. What strikes to some of us is that the birth of Raman Effect which brought himNobel Prize, did not come out of a grand establishment with major scientificenvironments. I believe, the urge to show to the world the excellence of Indian mindswould have been one of the major motivating factor of Sir CV Raman for the scientificachievement. The same is the case with Prof S.Chandrasekhar, the great astrophysicist.There are some interesting quotations from his biography. I quote from a book "Chandra"by Shri Kameshwar Wali:"Chandra grew up in what was a golden age for science, art and literature in India,spurred on partly by the struggle for independence. J.C.Bose, C.V Raman, MeghnadSaha, Srinivasa Ramanujam, and Rabindranath Tagore, by their achievements inscientific and creative endeavours, became national heroes along with Jawaharlal Nehru,Mahatma Gandhi, and a host of others active in the political movement. Did their successproduce an enduring atmosphere for creativity, or did the prevailing cultural and socialconditions hamper a healthy growth of sustained activity? Over the years, Chandra and Ihave discussed various facets of science in India and experiences of some of the eminentIndian scientists. The following excerpts reflect Chandras thoughts on these matters."Pursuing excellence in rotational moulding.
  • 2. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.com"Chandra: I mean it is a remarkable thing that in the modern era before 1910, there wereno (Indian) scientists of international reputation or standing. Between 1920 and 1925, wehad suddenly five or six internationally well known men. I myself have associated thisremarkable phenomenon with the need for self-expression, which became a dominantmotive among the young during the national movement. It was a part of the nationalmovement to assert oneself. India was a subject country, but in the sciences, in the arts,particularly in science, we could show the West in their own realm that we were equal tothem."Coming to the industrial field, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata brought the steel industry andS.L. KIrloskar brought Industrial Manufacturing Facilities in India even though theBritish rulers were not favourably disposed to the idea. Acharya PC Ray brought upchemical and pharmaceutical industry. Likewise, in the pre-independent period we seethe birth of many great institutes like Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore started by JNTata, Benares Hindu University by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, and Aligarh MuslimUniversity by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. There were also some Indian Maharajas whostarted and nurtured universities like the one in Baroda. There are many examples in bothindustrial and educational fields. In all these cases the basic motivations have been toshow the urge to build the Nation and demonstrate to the world that "India can do it".Second vision for the nationSince our independence in 1947, in many aspects of life, improvement in literacy,agricultural products, strategic areas, certain small and large-scale industries took place.Also, the life expectancy has increased. We are capable to produce sufficient foodgrains ,cereals and milk. Today, India has the capability to design, develop and lead toproduction strategic systems for national development and security. Also, we have seenin the ambient conditions the growth in the Information Technology; the country isprogressing in a limited way in software business and in hardware we are yet to take off.When India was clamped with economic sanctions in 1998, after the nuclear tests, bydeveloped world, we combated successfully. The tools were food security and self-reliance in most of the strategic areas and production capability in certain sectors ofindustry. Now more than fifty years have gone by and we are called as one of thehundreds of developing countries, in a distinct way a separation from G-8 countries. Wehave many challenges. We are a nation of billion people. Nearly 300 million people whoare below the poverty line have to join the mainstream of a good life. 100% literacy,health for all, multiple industrial and agricultural productivity and life style with valuesystem has to change.Technology Vision 2020 is a pathway to realise this cherished mission made by the TaskTeams formed by TIFAC with nearly 500 experts of our country worked for two years,deliberated national status of various branches of national development. We haveidentified five areas where India has a core competence for an integrated action:Pursuing excellence in rotational moulding.
  • 3. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.com(1) Agriculture and food processing(2) Reliable and quality electric power(3) Education and Healthcare(4) Information Technology(5) Strategic sectorsThese five areas are closely inter-related and lead to national, food, economic andsecurity. A strong partnership among the R&D, academy, industry, business and thecommunity as a whole with the Government departments and agencies will be essentialto accomplish the vision.Indices of world competitivenessOne of the important need is to understand, where we stand in the competitive world. Theindices of world competitiveness are based on the global competitiveness report preparedby the World Economic Forum. The competitiveness is defined as, the ability of anational economy to achieve sustained high rates of economic growth. In that order ofranking, Singapore is 4, USA 1, Finland 2, Taiwan 3, Singapore 4, Sweden 5, France 30,Germany 14, India 48. What decides world competitiveness? It is a combination triangleconsisting of progressiveness of industry, technology push and governmentalderegularisation status. All the three aspects have to work for achieving worldcompetitiveness. In terms of overall GDP size, we are 12 in the world; in terms of percapita GDP we are 57 in the world. Is this status acceptable to us? Especially the young. Ibelieve we should work for fourth or fifth position in terms of GDP as well as in terms ofworld competitiveness. This position should be reached by 2020 and we should aim forhigher position in the later decades. I will share with you some ideas about the strategiesand the tool to realise this status. That will pave the way for a developed India.Knowledge in network societyA knowledge society can be one of the foundations for such a vision for the nation:Developed India. Knowledge has many forms and it is available at many places.Knowledge has always been the prime mover of prosperity and power. The acquisition ofknowledge has therefore been the thrust area through out the world and sharing theexperience of knowledge is a unique culture of our country. India is a nation endowedwith natural and competitive advantages as also certain distinctive competencies. Butthese are scattered in isolated pockets and the awareness on these is inadequate. DuringPursuing excellence in rotational moulding.
  • 4. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.comthe last century the world has undergone a change from agriculture society, where manuallabour was the critical factor, to industrial society where the management of technology,capital and labour provided the competitive advantage. Then the information era wasborn, last decade, where connectivity and software products are driving the economy of afew nations. In the 21st century, a new society is emerging where knowledge is theprimary production resource instead of capital and labour. Efficient utilisation of thisexisting knowledge can create comprehensive wealth of the nation and also improve thequality of life - in the form of better health, education, infrastructure and other socialindicators. Ability to create and maintain the knowledge infrastructure, developknowledge workers and enhance their productivity through creation, growth andexploitation of new knowledge will be the key factors in deciding the prosperity of thisKnowledge Society. Whether a nation has arrived at a stage of knowledge society isjudged by the way the country effectively deals with knowledge creation and knowledgedeployment. I am glad that the Planning Commission has taken a lead in generating aroad map for transforming India to a knowledge society.Change in employment pattern, agriculture, industry and service - knowledge industriesIn 1960, agriculture areas employed in parts or in full 74% of people of the country and itreduced to 62% in 1992 and expected to further fall to 50% of people in agriculture by2010. Whereas, the demand of agricultural products will double in quantity. productivityusing technology and post harvest management will have to compensate the manpowerreduction in farming and agricultural products sector.In the case of industry, in 1960, 11% of the population was employed in small scale andlarge scale industries. The trend continued with 11% even during 1992. However, it hasto increase by 25% in 2010, as the GDP growth with high technology in the situation ofopening up of the economy under WTO region. The pattern of employment will take anew shape. Service with knowledge industry component from 15% employability in 1960has increased to 27% in 1992. And further it will increase to 50% in view ofinfrastructure maintenance areas, financial sector, IT sector and entertainment demands.This big change will demand in all areas more trained skilled human power andtechnology personnel. Our industrialists, commercial chiefs and technologists may haveto get ready for such transformation in agriculture, industries and service - knowledgeindustries for which human manpower with knowledge and skills has to be evolved in amission mode.Strategy for Employment GenerationA strong and enterprising service industry can get the IT industry support from anywherein the world to achieve higher extent of employment generation and higher per capitaproductivity, a model is proposed which suggests designing, developing and deployingPursuing excellence in rotational moulding.
  • 5. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.comthe high technology tools and methods in agriculture sector by focusing on all walks oflife, be it a farmer or a rural woman or a customer, we can indeed make them knowledgeworkers. The direct outcome of this model will be two-folds. An increase in productivityand release of surplus person power from traditional agriculture sector. The benefits ofhigher productivity can be converted into wealth with establishment of agro basedindustries. The surplus manpower can be upgraded with proper education and trainingand be re-deployed in agro based industries, service sector and IT industry.Developed India - Can we achieve?Freedom movement (1857-1947) was the first vision for the nation. This vision wasrealised in 90 years. It would have been a dream of an individual or collective groups.That dream transformed into thoughts which lead to revolutionary actions and finallyresulted into freedom. Also, that period of independence movement created great leaderswith great actions.Friends, a nation is made great by the thoughts of its people and their action. The peoplein turn become important citizens of that great country. The next 20 years period, Iconsider, is a period of technology transformation in India. I anticipate new emergingeconomic situations. There is a possibility of India becoming a knowledge society withfocussed tool of Information Technology and entrepreneurial push. All the more, thisambience will demand our cultural and traditional value system to be embedded in theIndian minds. Also we have to be prepared for a new trend as in the case of Internet withminimum Government initiatives and support and entrepreneurship push the project.Internationally, Internet is wealth generating system and its development are supportedby many business houses and academics. In our country such things are also happeningas in the case of Internet, software, pharmaceuticals and road transportation.Concluding RemarksAfter independence the Kirloskar group was the first to offer services to the Railways andthe Defence establishments. In order to keep product prices low, he established a networkof many small industrial vendors. He helped these small entrepreneurs technically,financially and through training. This was in fact the birth of the Small Scale Industry inIndia.The rapid rise of the Kirloskar Group in the post - independence years was due to S.L.Kirloskars insistence on the manufacture of products with minimum imported contentsand selling them through a well trained and equipped sales and service network. Qualitywas of paramount importance to S.L. Kirloskar at all levels, as he was convinced that ifone did not strive towards excellence in any task it always left a gap between meeting aneed and surpassing it.Pursuing excellence in rotational moulding.
  • 6. Vinodrai Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 12 Km. Stone, Jalna-Aurangabad Road, Village Dawalwadi, District : Jalna Jalna – 431 203 ( India ) Ph: +91-2482-262000 Fax: +91-2482-262400 Web: vinodrai.com , E-Mail : vinodraieng@rediffmail.comS.L. Kirloskar not only created the Kirloskar Group but also guided many entrepreneursin developing their businesses based on homemade technology. The Kirloskar Groupstarted indigenous development and manufacture of critical and defence equipment asearly as 1967. This tradition continues today with their contribution to recent projects likethe Main Battle Tank, Warships, the missile programme and the nuclear programme.The second movement for the nation will definitely result if our nation proclaims thesecond vision - developed India by 2020. I can see a virtual image of India, the childrenby 2020 will not see the high illiteracy, poverty and social differentiation. They will see anew India. Our children will sing the song of prosperous India if we sweat in this decade.Today, the Indian mind has to get ignited by our second vision for the nation. The ignitedhuman mind is the most powerful resource on the earth, under the earth and above theearth.May God Bless you.***********Pursuing excellence in rotational moulding.