Child labour


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Child labour

  1. 1. CHILDLABOUR Small People, Big Problems
  2. 2.  What is child labour? Why does it persists?  Industries that employ children as workers.  The importance of sending these children to school.  NGOs working on this issue.  Schemes and policies of government to help under-privileged children.  Things we can do to help these poor children.
  3. 3. Child Labour Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organizations. Legislations across the world prohibit child labour. These laws do not consider all work done by children as child labour; exceptions include work by child artists, supervised training, certain categories of work such as those by Amish children, and others.
  4. 4. Reasons Why Child Labour Persists Child labour has been increasing steadily in the towns and cities of developing countries as a result of the rapid global urbanization. Urban working children are found mainly in trade and services and to a lesser extent in the manufacturing sector. In manufacturing industries, children are most likely to be employed when their labour is less expensive or less troublesome than that of adults, when other labour is scarce, and when they are considered irreplaceable by reason of their size or perceived dexterity . Mostly , poor children are engaged in such work .
  5. 5. Industries That Employ Children as Workers
  6. 6. Industries That Employ Children as Workers Some of the industries that employ children as workers are-: •Textile industries •Automobile industries •Departmental stores • Some shops • Small restaurants and tea and coffee stalls •In some areas children are employed for breaking stones, in places where bricks are made Many other industries also employ children as workers were child labour is less expensive than adult labour.
  7. 7. Industries that employ children as workers
  8. 8. Importance of Sending These Children to Schools
  9. 9. Importance of Sending These Children To School It is very important for these children to go to school because if they don’t go to school , they would not be able to live a good life , they will destroy their childhood as well as their future . They won’t be able to learn manners , they won’t know that what is good and what is bad . Childhood is the time to play , study enjoy etc. and not to do some work in a factory or any other commercial or residential place . Therefore , education of such children are very important for their as well as our country’s future .
  10. 10. NGOs working on this issue 1) Concerned for Working Children (CWC) The Concerned for Working Children is a not-for-profit secular, democratic development agency based in Bangalore, India. Active since the late 1970s, it is one of the first organizations in India to focus on working children and their needs
  11. 11. 2) Child Rights and You (CRY) It helps to enable people to take responsibility for the situation of the deprived Indian child and so motivate them to seek resolution through individual and collective action thereby enabling children to realize their full potential. It wants to see every child as a happy, healthy and creative child.
  12. 12. 3) Centre for Rural Education and Development Action (CREDA) Centre for Rural Education and Development Action (CREDA) was set-up in 1982. CREDA’s objective is working towards the development and empowerment of socially and economically backward communities through community participation, child being in the centrestage. The NGO's work focuses on child labour related activities. It has undertaken projects for the elimination and rehabilitation of child labour.
  13. 13. • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in 16 occupations and 65 processes that are hazardous to the children's lives and health. • The Factories Act, 1948: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years. • The Mines Act, 1952: The Act prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine. • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009: Provides for free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years. This legislation also envisages that 25 per cent of seats in every private school should be allocated for children from disadvantaged groups. Schemes and Policies of government to help under- privileged children
  14. 14. Things Which We Can Do To Help These Poor Children •We can help NGOs in creating awareness among children as well as people making them realize about their rights. •We can help these un-privileged children by sending them to schools and making them realize about why should they go to schools and why they should not do child labour. • We can even help them by suggesting our government to launch even more large scale family planning programs so that the population of poor children becomes less and child labour also decreases. •We can also help them by suggesting our government to make laws to punish people who employ children as workers even more strictly than the existing laws.
  16. 16. THE EVILS OF CHILD LABOUR Presentation Submitted By -: Vineet Aggarwal
  17. 17. THANK YOU