Background- The Treaty of Versailleswas a peace treaty toend the First World War- World War I lasted from1914 through 1918
Two Front WarThe First World War was Fought on 2fronts: - The Western Front was the landsbetween Germany and France - The Eastern Front consisted of thelands between Germany and Russia
AlliancesTriple Entente Triple- Britain Alliance/Central- France Powers - Germany- Russia - Austria-Hungary- United States - Italy (toward the end)
End of the Fighting- Armistice signed on November11, 1918- It took 6 more months to negotiatea peace treaty
Negotiating The Treaty-Met in Paris in January, 1919- Excluded Germany, Austria, and Hungary, since theywere considered the defeated parties- Excluded Russia because it had previously made apeace treaty with Germany and removed itself from thewar
Wilson’s 14 Point Plan-Woodrow Wilson’s Post war plan- Proposed Self Determination of Nations-Would create the League of Nations, whichlaid the ground work for the United Nations
Military Restrictions on Germany - 100,000 man Standing Army - Only 15,000 in Naval Forces - No Importing or Exporting Weapons - Further restrictions on Weapons Production
Major Territory Changes- Loss of German Colonies- Gave over of the Rhine lands toFrance- German land used to establish thenew Poland- Austria banned from annexation toGermany-German land used for the creationof Czechoslovakia
Article 231“The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts theresponsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss anddamage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and theirnationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposedupon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.” - Original Text from The Treaty Of Versailles- A.K.A “The War Guilt Clause”- Placed the blame on Germany for the war- Justified the consequences in the Treaty
Reparations-226 billion Reichsmarks to be paid backto the allied forces- Later reduced to 132billion Reichsmarks- Finished paying offin 2010
International Organizations-League of Nations - Intended to avoid future wars through diplomacy and international cooperation-International Labor Organization -Created to improve working standards in nations around the world
Reactions-France wanted harsher consequences- England, on the other hand, feared that thetreaty went to far in punishing Germany- The United States Senate, led by theRepublican party, refused to ratify the Treaty- Germany felt humiliated and angry
Years to Follow-World wide economic depression soon followed- German Reichsmark became virtually worthless due toinflation- Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933and began to overturn various partsof the Treaty- League of Nations finds itselfunable to intervene anduphold the Treaty- World War II broke out in 1939
SourcesMap of Eastern and Western Fronts (Slide 3)http://www.cobwfa.ca/cobpics/ww1_map.gifAlliances Flag (Slide 4)http://www.ww1-propaganda-cards.com/images/sallies6shflags.JPGMap of Post Word War I Europe (Slide 9)http://pages.uoregon.edu/mccole/303Spring2011/maps/EuropeAfterWWI.jpgArticle 231 quote (Slide 10)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Article_231_of_the_Treaty_of_VersaillesPicture of Children Playing with Reichsmarks (Slide 11)http://beingsakin.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/german-children-playing-with-worthless-paper-reichsmarks.jpgPicture of Adolf Hitlerhttp://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/AdolfHitler
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.