Computer assisted instruction

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Computer assisted instruction

  1. 1. COMPUTERASSISTEDINSTRUCTION(C.A.I.)
  2. 2. Use of computers in education isreferred by many names such as:Computer Assisted Instruction(C.A.I.)Computer Assisted Learning(C.A.L.)Computer Based Education(C.B.E.)Computer Based Instruction(C.B.I.)Computer Enriched Instruction(C.E.I.)Computer Managed Instruction(C.M.I.)
  3. 3. NEW TERMINOLOGY:Web Based TrainingWeb Based LearningWeb Based Instruction
  4. 4. Technologies of instruction1. Hardware2. Software I. system software II. Application software3.courseware
  5. 5. Types of C.A.I.Drill and practiceTutorialEducational gamesSimulationProblem solvingInformatinal instructionTutorialPractical work-oriented instruction
  6. 6. Typical C.A.I. provides:Text or multimedia contentMultiple choice questionsProblemsImmediate feedbackNotes on incorrect responsesSummarizes students performanceExercises for practiceWorksheets and test
  7. 7. Characteristics ofComputer AssistedInstructionTwo way interactionStored instructional programStudent’s responsesIndividualized instructionProblem solvingDrill & Practice
  8. 8. BASIC ASSUMPTIONS:Instruction for a number of learners at a timeAutomatic recording of the learner’s performanceVariety in the use of methods and techniquesCoping with qualityTaking over time consuming tables
  9. 9. Advantages of C.A.I:One to one interactionGreat motivatorFreedom to experiment with different optionsSelf pacing-allow student to proceed at their own paceHelps teacher-can devote more time to individual studentIndividual attentionPrivacy helps the shy and slow learners to learnLearn more and more rapidlySelf directed learning
  10. 10. DrawbacksThey are generally costlyDecreases the amount of human interactionAvailability and development of software or computerprogrammesInstructions tend to be boring and repetitiveTeacher could provide the courseware exactly but this isexpensive,time consuming and may require moreprogramming expertiseLack of infrastructureThey consume a lot of powerOver use of multimedia may divert the attention from themain content.
  11. 11. Problems of maintenanceNon human qualityAbsence of emotional climateNon achievement of affective objectivesNo solution of problems likediscipline,wastage of time

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