Monday, March 9, 2009
Ethics and Values
                             in Practice




Monday, March 9, 2009
Morality is concerned with right and
                        wrong, how we behave and how we ought
                       ...
Act Centred and Agent Centred Ethics


               • Act Centred ethics focus on the action that is or will be taken
  ...
In this session we are looking at Act Centred
                                            ethics.

                       ...
Types of Deontology
             • Act Deontology
                   • Principles and duties not defined before the act whi...
Types of Teleology




Monday, March 9, 2009
Types of Teleology
                • Act Consequentialism
                  • assess potential outcomes in each case and a...
Types of Deontology

                • Act Deontology
                        • assess duites arising in each case and act...
Values Based Decision Making

                         The Values Exchange

                                 (David Seedho...
The Values Exchange (VX) is an online resource
                        for collaborative values based decision making.

  ...
How to use the Values Exchange

                          Choose a case proposal and make an initial
                     ...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
The Rings of Confidence
        What is
       important?                         Justice



                          Soci...
Monday, March 9, 2009
Select relevant principles from a 16 item grid,
                        working through these to help to clarify and
     ...
Individual



                                        Effectiveness       Evidence


                                 Risk...
Comparing viewpoints
                    • When you submit your response you will
                        be able to use t...
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Values based Decision Making

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Introduction to values based decision making using the Values Exchange

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  • Values based Decision Making

    1. 1. Monday, March 9, 2009
    2. 2. Ethics and Values in Practice Monday, March 9, 2009
    3. 3. Morality is concerned with right and wrong, how we behave and how we ought to behave. Ethics is the systematic analysis of morality. Values are the ideas, norms and expectations that we hold in everyday life. They are at the heart of our thinking about right and wrong, good and bad. Values are socially contingent, they arise from our life experiences. Monday, March 9, 2009
    4. 4. Act Centred and Agent Centred Ethics • Act Centred ethics focus on the action that is or will be taken •The aim is to identify or develop procedures for determining moral obligations •The motivation to be moral is found either in moral duties themselves, or in our desire to bring about good outcomes. • Agent Centred ethics focus on the ‘ virtues’ of the person taking the action. • The motivation for moral behaviour is the desire to be virtuous. For example, to be: • courageous, just, prudent, liberal, honest.... Monday, March 9, 2009
    5. 5. In this session we are looking at Act Centred ethics. The two main approaches are 1. Deontology- Duty Ethics 2. Teleology- Ethics of Consequences Monday, March 9, 2009
    6. 6. Types of Deontology • Act Deontology • Principles and duties not defined before the act which is being judged • Opposed to rules in principle because each situation is unique. • Moral Duty= BE TRUE TO YOURSELF • Rule Deontology • Rules are set based on explicit duties which must be applied in relevant circumstances • For example Pacifism, non-judgementalism, or confidentiality in some models of counselling • Duties might include- “always tell the truth”, “do no harm” “ serve needs before wants”...... Monday, March 9, 2009
    7. 7. Types of Teleology Monday, March 9, 2009
    8. 8. Types of Teleology • Act Consequentialism • assess potential outcomes in each case and act to produce the most good • General Consequentialism • What if everyone were to do what I wish to do? • Rule Consequentialism • What rules can be derived from calculating likely benefits of typical actions which will produce the greatest good? Monday, March 9, 2009
    9. 9. Types of Deontology • Act Deontology • assess duites arising in each case and act in accordance with the primary duty • General Deontology • What are the essential duties we should follow? • Rule Deontology • What rules can be applied to help us determine our duties I specific situations? Monday, March 9, 2009
    10. 10. Values Based Decision Making The Values Exchange (David Seedhouse) www.cumbria-values.exchange.co.uk Monday, March 9, 2009
    11. 11. The Values Exchange (VX) is an online resource for collaborative values based decision making. It was developed by Professor David Seedhouse, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. Participants respond to proposals for action using a systematic approach to decision making. VX can be used for teaching, research and collaborative decision making in a wide range of topic areas. Monday, March 9, 2009
    12. 12. How to use the Values Exchange Choose a case proposal and make an initial decision to agree or disagree with the proposal. Work through the VX pages to Justify your decision by systematic appraisal of key issues. The first stage is to explore and establish the relevance and importance of basic issues. Monday, March 9, 2009
    13. 13. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    14. 14. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    15. 15. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    16. 16. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    17. 17. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    18. 18. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    19. 19. The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
    20. 20. Monday, March 9, 2009
    21. 21. Select relevant principles from a 16 item grid, working through these to help to clarify and justify your opinions. Monday, March 9, 2009
    22. 22. Individual Effectiveness Evidence Risk Norms Principles The Equality Support Group Public Liberty Law Inquiry Justice Culture Oneself Monday, March 9, 2009
    23. 23. Comparing viewpoints • When you submit your response you will be able to use the reports facility to see how your views compare with other respondents. • The next stage is to discuss the group’s views, differences of opinion and values the next time you meet in the classroom. Monday, March 9, 2009
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