Values based Decision Making
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Values based Decision Making

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Introduction to values based decision making using the Values Exchange

Introduction to values based decision making using the Values Exchange

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  • Hi Ruth,

    Of Course, you are welcome to use this presentation. The version here was created using Keynote. If you are using an Apple computer this will be fine for you. Just click on the 'Get File' tag above the presentation to download it. If you need a Powerpoint version email me at vincentobrien@mac.com and I will send you a copy.
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  • I am teaching Bioethics at a local law school and would love to use your slides. Could you send me a copy? I will of course attribute them!

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Values based Decision Making Values based Decision Making Presentation Transcript

  • Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Ethics and Values in Practice Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Morality is concerned with right and wrong, how we behave and how we ought to behave. Ethics is the systematic analysis of morality. Values are the ideas, norms and expectations that we hold in everyday life. They are at the heart of our thinking about right and wrong, good and bad. Values are socially contingent, they arise from our life experiences. Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Act Centred and Agent Centred Ethics • Act Centred ethics focus on the action that is or will be taken •The aim is to identify or develop procedures for determining moral obligations •The motivation to be moral is found either in moral duties themselves, or in our desire to bring about good outcomes. • Agent Centred ethics focus on the ‘ virtues’ of the person taking the action. • The motivation for moral behaviour is the desire to be virtuous. For example, to be: • courageous, just, prudent, liberal, honest.... Monday, March 9, 2009
  • In this session we are looking at Act Centred ethics. The two main approaches are 1. Deontology- Duty Ethics 2. Teleology- Ethics of Consequences Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Types of Deontology • Act Deontology • Principles and duties not defined before the act which is being judged • Opposed to rules in principle because each situation is unique. • Moral Duty= BE TRUE TO YOURSELF • Rule Deontology • Rules are set based on explicit duties which must be applied in relevant circumstances • For example Pacifism, non-judgementalism, or confidentiality in some models of counselling • Duties might include- “always tell the truth”, “do no harm” “ serve needs before wants”...... Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Types of Teleology Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Types of Teleology • Act Consequentialism • assess potential outcomes in each case and act to produce the most good • General Consequentialism • What if everyone were to do what I wish to do? • Rule Consequentialism • What rules can be derived from calculating likely benefits of typical actions which will produce the greatest good? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Types of Deontology • Act Deontology • assess duites arising in each case and act in accordance with the primary duty • General Deontology • What are the essential duties we should follow? • Rule Deontology • What rules can be applied to help us determine our duties I specific situations? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Values Based Decision Making The Values Exchange (David Seedhouse) www.cumbria-values.exchange.co.uk Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Values Exchange (VX) is an online resource for collaborative values based decision making. It was developed by Professor David Seedhouse, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. Participants respond to proposals for action using a systematic approach to decision making. VX can be used for teaching, research and collaborative decision making in a wide range of topic areas. Monday, March 9, 2009
  • How to use the Values Exchange Choose a case proposal and make an initial decision to agree or disagree with the proposal. Work through the VX pages to Justify your decision by systematic appraisal of key issues. The first stage is to explore and establish the relevance and importance of basic issues. Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • The Rings of Confidence What is important? Justice Social Benefit Dignity The Law Human Rights Primary Risk How confident are you? Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Select relevant principles from a 16 item grid, working through these to help to clarify and justify your opinions. Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Individual Effectiveness Evidence Risk Norms Principles The Equality Support Group Public Liberty Law Inquiry Justice Culture Oneself Monday, March 9, 2009
  • Comparing viewpoints • When you submit your response you will be able to use the reports facility to see how your views compare with other respondents. • The next stage is to discuss the group’s views, differences of opinion and values the next time you meet in the classroom. Monday, March 9, 2009