Participatory Visual Ethnography

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O'Brien, V and Wittlin F (2009) Participatory Visual Ethnography, Visual Activism and Community Development in the Rocinha Favela. The Challenge of Global Social inquiry, British Sociological Association Conference, Cardiff, 16th April.

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  • Participatory Visual Ethnography

    1. 1. Participatory Visual Ethnography, Visual Activism and Community Development in the Rocinha Favela. Vincent O’Brien Flavio Wittlin
    2. 2. ‘Expert’ Research
    3. 3. ‘Expert’ Research Researcher
    4. 4. ‘Expert’ Research Researcher Target Population
    5. 5. ‘Expert’ Research Researcher Target Subjects Population
    6. 6. ‘Expert’ Research Target Researcher Population
    7. 7. ‘Expert’ Research Target Researcher Population Analyse
    8. 8. ‘Expert’ Research Interpret Target Researcher Population Analyse
    9. 9. ‘Expert’ Research Interpret Target Researcher Disseminate Population Analyse
    10. 10. ‘Expert’ Research Experts Interpret Target Researcher Disseminate Population Analyse
    11. 11. ‘Expert’ Research Experts Interpret Target Researcher Disseminate Policy Makers Population Analyse
    12. 12. ‘Expert’ Research Experts Interpret Target Researcher Disseminate Policy Makers Population Analyse Providers
    13. 13. Participatory Research Researcher Focus Participant
    14. 14. Participatory Research Researcher Focus Analysis Participant
    15. 15. Participatory Research Dissemination Researcher Focus Analysis Participant Dissemination
    16. 16. Participatory Research Dissemination Researcher Action Focus Analysis Participant Dissemination
    17. 17. Why use visual methods? • Visual representation is embedded within all human societies • Visual communication complements verbal and textual communication • Provide a rich source of data, not recordable in other forms • ‘Expose’ author and researcher perspectives
    18. 18. Cultural
    19. 19. Capture
    20. 20. Visibility Capture
    21. 21. Visibility Capture Dialogue
    22. 22. Visibility Capture Expertise Dialogue
    23. 23. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro
    24. 24. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.)
    25. 25. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses
    26. 26. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses $5m per month drug trade
    27. 27. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses $5m per month drug trade Migrant population
    28. 28. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses $5m per month drug trade Migrant population Literacy - 66%
    29. 29. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses $5m per month drug trade Migrant population Literacy - 66% Income - $25 per month
    30. 30. Rocinha Favela, Rio de Janeiro Population 150,000- 200,000 (est.) 60,000 Houses $5m per month drug trade Migrant population Literacy - 66% Income - $25 per month Violence between drug gangs and Police
    31. 31. Rat Infestation
    32. 32. Visual Activism
    33. 33. Visual Activism • Construction • requires reflexive engagement • facilitates personal change • encourages collaborative analysis and raises awareness of community issues
    34. 34. Visual Activism • Construction • requires reflexive engagement • facilitates personal change • encourages collaborative analysis and raises awareness of community issues Dissemination • encourages community debate • contested interpretation of issues • informs and supports social advocacy
    35. 35. Visual Activism • Construction • requires reflexive engagement • facilitates personal change • encourages collaborative analysis and raises awareness of community issues Dissemination • encourages community debate • contested interpretation of issues • informs and supports social advocacy Sustainability • develops reflexive research and analytical skills • participatory, collaborative, personal and community development • creative public outputs can raise income to support development

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