A Picture Of Health
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An overview of population health at the start of the 21st century

An overview of population health at the start of the 21st century

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A Picture Of Health Presentation Transcript

  • 1. RPPH 7309 Global Issues and Health Improvement
  • 2. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations
  • 3. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics
  • 4. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics
  • 5. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography
  • 6. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography • Lifestyle
  • 7. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography • Lifestyle • Culture
  • 8. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography • Lifestyle • Culture • Health Care Services
  • 9. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography • Lifestyle • Culture • Health Care Services • Education
  • 10. Factors Influencing The Health Status of Populations • Politics • Economics • Geography • Lifestyle • Culture • Health Care Services • Education • Demography
  • 11. Health in The Developing World
  • 12. Health in The Developing World Amongst the developing nations health status is characterised by a high level of communicable diseases, high infant mortality and disproportionately young populations.
  • 13. Health in The Developing World Amongst the developing nations health status is characterised by a high level of communicable diseases, high infant mortality and disproportionately young populations. For the developed nations the key features are the high rates of chronic degenerative diseases, low and stable infant mortality and an ageing population
  • 14. Health in The Developing World Amongst the developing nations health status is characterised by a high level of communicable diseases, high infant mortality and disproportionately young populations. For the developed nations the key features are the high rates of chronic degenerative diseases, low and stable infant mortality and an ageing population Throughout the world unequal access to resources, cultural practices, environmental factors and demographic pressures contribute to the health status of populations and individuals.
  • 15. Positive and Negative Aspects
  • 16. Positive and Negative Aspects Each year 10 million children die before they reach the age of five.
  • 17. Positive and Negative Aspects Each year 10 million children die before they reach the age of five. Two in every five deaths each year are premature, with twenty million deaths occurring before the age of fifty.
  • 18. Positive and Negative Aspects Each year 10 million children die before they reach the age of five. Two in every five deaths each year are premature, with twenty million deaths occurring before the age of fifty. The supply of food has increased significantly and now stands at twice the amount available in 1958 while the number of chronically undernourished children has fallen.
  • 19. Positive and Negative Aspects Each year 10 million children die before they reach the age of five. Two in every five deaths each year are premature, with twenty million deaths occurring before the age of fifty. The supply of food has increased significantly and now stands at twice the amount available in 1958 while the number of chronically undernourished children has fallen. The number of children in school has risen significantly and adult literacy has improved by more than 50%.
  • 20. Predictions for the 21st Century
  • 21. Predictions for the 21st Century Areas of concern around health are likely to become increasingly focused on:
  • 22. Predictions for the 21st Century Areas of concern around health are likely to become increasingly focused on: A potential rise in morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS and TB.
  • 23. Predictions for the 21st Century Areas of concern around health are likely to become increasingly focused on: A potential rise in morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS and TB. With improvements in life expectancy, increased urbanisation and the development of medical technologies, patterns of ill health are likely to be characterised by growth in chronic illness, heart disease, diabetes, cancer and other ‘lifestyle’ conditions.
  • 24. Mortality in Infancy and Early Childhood
  • 25. Mortality in Infancy and Early Childhood Mortality in infancy and early childhood is predicted to fall from 21 million deaths per year in 1995 to around 11 million by 2025.
  • 26. Mortality in Infancy and Early Childhood Mortality in infancy and early childhood is predicted to fall from 21 million deaths per year in 1995 to around 11 million by 2025. The infant mortality rate (deaths per 1000 live births) is likely to fall from 59:1000 in 1995 to 29:1000 in 2025.
  • 27. Mortality in Infancy and Early Childhood Mortality in infancy and early childhood is predicted to fall from 21 million deaths per year in 1995 to around 11 million by 2025. The infant mortality rate (deaths per 1000 live births) is likely to fall from 59:1000 in 1995 to 29:1000 in 2025. The mortality rate for children under 5 yrs. should fall from 78:1000 in 1995 to 37:1000 in 2025. However almost 97% of these deaths will occur in the developing world.
  • 28. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025
  • 29. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 Global life expectancy is currently 68 yrs. and is expected to rise to 73 yrs. by 2025
  • 30. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 Global life expectancy is currently 68 yrs. and is expected to rise to 73 yrs. by 2025 There are approximately 5.8 billion people in the world today.
  • 31. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 Global life expectancy is currently 68 yrs. and is expected to rise to 73 yrs. by 2025 There are approximately 5.8 billion people in the world today. By 2025 it is expected that the global population will have grown to 8 billion with 32% under 20 yrs. and 10% over 65 yrs.
  • 32. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 Global life expectancy is currently 68 yrs. and is expected to rise to 73 yrs. by 2025 There are approximately 5.8 billion people in the world today. By 2025 it is expected that the global population will have grown to 8 billion with 32% under 20 yrs. and 10% over 65 yrs. This represents an 8% fall in the numbers under 20 yrs. and a 4% increase in the population over 65 yrs.
  • 33. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 Global life expectancy is currently 68 yrs. and is expected to rise to 73 yrs. by 2025 There are approximately 5.8 billion people in the world today. By 2025 it is expected that the global population will have grown to 8 billion with 32% under 20 yrs. and 10% over 65 yrs. This represents an 8% fall in the numbers under 20 yrs. and a 4% increase in the population over 65 yrs. More than 8000 million people will be over 65 in 2025.
  • 34. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025
  • 35. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 The number of people in the population between 20-64 yrs. will rise by about 8% and more than 42% of the population will be dependent on this age group.
  • 36. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 The number of people in the population between 20-64 yrs. will rise by about 8% and more than 42% of the population will be dependent on this age group. The number of cases of cancer will rise in developing countries but remain stable in industrialised countries.
  • 37. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 The number of people in the population between 20-64 yrs. will rise by about 8% and more than 42% of the population will be dependent on this age group. The number of cases of cancer will rise in developing countries but remain stable in industrialised countries. This is likely to be characterised by a rise in lung and colorectal cancer and a fall in cervical, liver and stomach cancers.
  • 38. Demographic Changes and Health Trends 2025 The number of people in the population between 20-64 yrs. will rise by about 8% and more than 42% of the population will be dependent on this age group. The number of cases of cancer will rise in developing countries but remain stable in industrialised countries. This is likely to be characterised by a rise in lung and colorectal cancer and a fall in cervical, liver and stomach cancers. The number of cases of diabetes seems likely to double. Largely as a result of lifestyle factors such as diet and obesity.