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Media task 4 history of genre

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  • 1. Vincent Yau
  • 2.  The first depictions of supernatural events are pictured in shorts created by Georges Melies in the late 1890s.  Two horror films were made in 1898. ‘Bake Jizo’ and Shinin no Sosei’from Japan.  In 1910,Edison Studios produced the first film version of Frankenstein.  In 1922, the first vampire movie was made ‘Nosferatu’
  • 3.  The Haunted Castle – 3 minute short film known as the first horror film to be shown with some features that were meant to amuse the audience but ended up scaring them. This also became known as the first vampire movie as well.  Cabinet of Dr. Caligari becomes one of the most influential films in German expressionist films, critically exclaimed as the best horror film of the silent era.  The monster known as the first mad scientist film, shows the first cowardly hero in a horror film but people class the supposedly tense and horror scenes as comedy.
  • 4.  Universal Pictures began a successful line of horror films starting with Tom Browning’s ‘Dracula’ (1931)  With the progression of the genre actors were starting to make careers in just Horror films, especially Brois Karloff and Bela Lugosi  The Mummy (1932) introduced Egyptology as a theme for the genre.  Sound adds an extra dimension to terror, whether it be music used to build suspense or signal the presence of a threat.
  • 5.  Sound and dialogue was introduced to Horror movies. Sounds such as monsters grunting, groaning and also howling helped indicate to the audience the music used was to build suspense.  The hunchback of Notre-Dame becomes the first horror film that had a visual monster.  The Invisible Man considered one of the greatest films from universal pictures in the horror genre.
  • 6.  Two sub-genres were introduced, Armageddon films and demonic films, featuring humanity overcoming ‘outside’ threats like aliens, mutations and bugs were made.  Filmmakers continued to merge elements of science fiction and horror over the following decades.  Films involving classic horror characters which were shown in colour for the first time.  Great Britain became a main producer of horror films. Alfred Hitchcock’s ‘psycho’ was the first ‘slasher’ film.
  • 7.  The masque of the red death and the tomb of ligeia known to some as being both films that paved the way for films to illustrate explicit violence horror films.  Frankenstein was first released in colour.  The first Dracula film was released where Dracula actually had fangs. Some sexual content was involved in the film.  There was lots of blood and gore in this decade and the light hearted horror soon turned into a distressing watch
  • 8.  More films with the Occult theme were released, starting with the Exorcist and followed by a series of films involving the Devil.  Alien combined the naturalistic acting and graphic violence of the 1970s with the monster movie plots of earlier decades and used science fiction.  The 1980s saw a wave of gory films like Sam Raimi’s Evil Dead films.  John Carpenter created ‘Halloween’ in 1978 and Wes Craven directed ‘A Nightmare on Elm Street’. They were followed by increasingly violent ‘Slasher’ Films over the following decade
  • 9.  Horror films began to get better and so the films were reflecting the rim moods of the decade.  The Exorcist was banned from being published from 1973 until 1999 because it was deemed as the most shocking, sick-making and soul destroying work ever to emerge from filmland.  Jaws is released becomes the highest grossing film in history at the time, also called an iconic film with an iconic soundtrack.
  • 10.  To reconnect with the audience the horror genre became parodic and self-mocking.  Wes Craven’s ‘Scream’ films started in the 90s and made fun of the typical conventions of ‘slasher’ films.  New Nightmare, The dark Half, The Candy man, were part of a mini-movement of self-reflexive or metafictional horror films. Each film touched upon the relationship between fictional horror and real-world horror.  The horror genre wore itself out with the proliferation of nonstop slasher and gore films in the 80s
  • 11.  The early 2000s were quiet for the genre and mainly consisted of remakes of classic horror films,  Zombie films made a return, with films like ‘resident Evil’ and ‘28 Days Later’ playing a big part in the return.  Torture films like ‘Saw’ have also become very popular because of the massive amount of gore involved.  Final Destination marked a successful revival of teen- centered horror and spawned four sequels.
  • 12.  Asian horror movies which have been remade into American versions such as The Ring and The Grudge. Also there was an increase in the Zombie horror such as Dawn of the Dead, Resident evil as well zombie comedy Shaun of the Dead.  Another trend is the emergence of psychology to scare audience, rather than gore. ‘The Others’ proved to be a successful example of psychological horror film, particularly in the emergence of Asian horror movies which have been remade into successful Americanized versions, such as The Ring, and The Grudge.

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