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  • 3. HOW THE WEB WORKS? • WWW use classical client / server architecture • HTTP is text-based request-response protocol HTTP Page request HTTP Server response Client running web browser Server running web server software IIS, APACHE etc.
  • 4. WHAT IS A WEB PAGE? • Web pages are text files containing HTML • HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language • A notation for describing • document structure (semantic markup) • formatting (presentation markup) • Looks (looked?) like: • A Microsoft Word document • The markup tags provide information about the page content structure.
  • 5. WHY LEARN HTML? • Every webpage you look at is written in a language called HTML. • You can think of HTML as the skeleton that gives every webpage structure. • In this course, we'll use HTML to add paragraphs, headings, images and links to a webpage.
  • 6. HTML DEFINITION • HTML stands for Hyper Text Mark-up Language. • Hypertext means "text with links in it." Any time you click on a word that brings you to a new webpage, you've clicked on hypertext! • A mark-up language is a programming language used to make text do more than just sit on a page: it can turn text into images, links, tables, lists, and much more. HTML is the mark-up language we'll be learning.
  • 7. CSS- CASCADING STYLE SHEETS • What makes webpages pretty? • That's CSS—Cascading Style Sheets. • Think of it like skin and makeup that covers the bones of HTML. We'll learn HTML first, then worry about CSS in later courses.
  • 8. SKELETON OR SYNTAX • The first thing we should do is to setup the skeleton of the web page. • Always put <!DOCTYPE html> on the first line. • It tells the web browser what the is being read by the browser in this case it HTML. • Always put the <html> in the first line in order to start the document and end with </html> • Ex: • <html> </html>
  • 9. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <strong>learn html in very interactive way</strong> • <strong>vinay reddy</strong> • </html>
  • 10. BASIC TERMINOLOGY • To learn more about HTML ,we should learn how to talk about HTML. • Already you seen we use < > a lot. • Things inside < > are called as tags. • Tags nearly always come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag. • Example of opening tag:<html> • Example of closing tag: </html> You can think of tags as being like parentheses: whenever you open one, you should close it.
  • 11. MAKE THE HEAD • Everything in our html file will go between the opening <html> and closing </html> tags. • There are always two parts to an html file:the head and the body . • let’s start with the head. • The head contains information about your HTML file, like it’s title. • The title is what we see in the browser’s title bar or page tab
  • 12. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <head> • <title>Bad to the Bonze Webpage Inc.</title> • I WILL DO IT</head> • </html>
  • 13. PARAGRAPHS IN THE BODY • The body is where you put your content, such as text, images and links. • The content in the body is what will be visible on the actual page. • The body goes inside the <html> tags ,right after the <head> tags • <p> </p> will be the syntax for paragraphs to insert in html
  • 14. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <head> • <title>MS SOFTWARE ENGINEERING</title> • <body> • <p>the only thing i like in codecademy is it very patient in teaching i like it </p> • <p>my name is vinay reddy</p> • </body> • </head> • </html>
  • 15. PARAGRAPHS AND HEADINGS • We have learned when and why we use HTML. We have also learned how to: • Set up an HTML file with tags • Title the webpage(in the <head>) • Create paragraphs(in the <body>) with <p> tags • The next step is to give our paragraphs heading using heading tags • Let’s start with the <h1> tag. • The content between this tag will be the biggest!
  • 16. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <head> • <title>Headings & Paragraphs</title> • <h1>heading name</h1> • <P>TH ONLY THING I KNOW IS CODING</P> • <P>PROGRAMMING AT DIFFERENT LEVELS</P> • </head> • <body> • </body></html>
  • 17. HYPERLINKS • What if you wanted to send the user to another part of your website, or another website altogether? You use hyperlinks, or links for short! • First, there's an opening <a> tag and that has an attribute called href. • The href value tells your link where you wanted to go, in this case • http://www.codecademy.com • Then you have a description of your link between your opening<a> and closing </a> tags. • This is what you will be able to click on. • Finally, you have your closing </a> tag.
  • 18. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <head> • <title>hyperlink</title> • </head> • <body> • <a href="http://www.codecademy.com">My Favourite Site!</a> • </body> • </html>
  • 19. ADDING IMAGES • You can add images to your websites to make them look fancy. • We use an image tag, like so:<img>. • This tag is a bit different from the others. Instead of putting the content between the tags, you tell the tag where to get the picture using src. • It’s also different because there is no ending tag.it has / in the tag to close it: • <img src=“url”>
  • 20. EXAMPLE: • <!DOCTYPE html> • <html> • <head> • <title>IMAGES</title> • </head> • <body> • <img src=“ ” /> • <img src=“ ”/> • </body> • </html>
  • 21. REFERENCES • www.codecademy.com Head first web design . Learning web design-Jennifer Niederst Robbins www.w3schools.com
  • 22. Thank you Any doubts Email: kalluri.vinayreddy@gmail.com