Qtp 92 Tutorial769
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Qtp 92 Tutorial769 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Quick Test Professional 9.2
  • 2. Testing Process
    • Preparing to Record
    • Recording
    • Enhancing a Test
    • Debugging
    • Running the Test and Analyzing the Results
    • Reporting Defects
  • 3. Add-in Manager
    • Default Add-ins
      • ActiveX
      • Visual basic
      • Web
    • Other Add-Ins
      • Siebel
      • Java
      • SAP
      • Oracle
      • .Net and many more
  • 4. Quick Test Professional - Record & Run Modes
    • Recording Modes
      • Normal
      • Analog
      • Low level
    • Run Modes
      • Normal
      • Fast
  • 5. QTP Window
  • 6. Create a Test
    • Objectives
    • Create a basic test from a manual test case.
    • Run a test and check for errors.
  • 7. The Object Repository
    • Object repository dialog box displays a test tree of all objects in the current action or the entire application.
    • Using Object repository we can
    • a) Identify the Object
    • b) View the Object Properties
  • 8. Object Spy
    • Using the Object Spy, we can view the properties of any Object in the open application.
    • We can also view Object Methods.
  • 9. How Quick Test Recognizes Objects
    • For each object class, QTP has a default set of properties that it always learns.
    • 1.Mandatory Properties.
    • 2.Assistive properties.
    • 3.Ordinal Identifier.
    • Usually, only a few properties are needed to uniquely identify an object.
  • 10. Synchronization
    • Synchronization point enables the anticipated time problems between the application and QTP.
    • A progress bar reaches 100% completion.
    • A status message appears.
    • A button becomes enabled.
    • A window opens and is ready for data entry.
    • A pop-up message appears in response to an operation.
  • 11. How to synchronize the Test
    • We can synchronize the test by
    • 1.Inserting a synchronization point
    • Insert  Step  Synchronization point
    • Window(“Flights”).WinButton(“Update order”).WaitProperty”enabled”,1,1000
    • 2.Adding Exist and Wait statements
    • status=Window(“Flights”).Dialog(“Flights Table”).Exist
    • Wait(10)
  • 12. Checkpoints
    • A checkpoint is a verification point that compares a current value for a specified property with the expected value for that property.
    • We can Insert checkpoint
    • 1.From Menu
    • Insert  Checkpoint  Standard Checkpoint
    • 2.From Keyword view
    • 3.From the Active Screen
  • 13. Checkpoint Types 1.Standard Checkpoint 2.Image Checkpoint 3.Table Checkpoint 4.Page Checkpoint 5.Text Checkpoint 6.Text Area Checkpoint 7.Bitmap Checkpoint 8.Database Checkpoint
  • 14. Insert A Checkpoint From The Active Screen
    • A checkpoint can be added after a test is created.
    • Use the Active Screen to select the field on which the checkpoint will be added.
    • Right-click on the appropriate field and choose “Insert Standard Checkpoint”.
  • 15. Regular Expressions
    • Regular expressions enable Quick Test to Identify Objects and text strings with varying values.
  • 16. Use a Regular Expression
    • A regular expression is a string that specifies a complex search phrase. By using
    • special characters you define the conditions of the search.
    • Note: There are 4 steps to ensure that a regular expression is inserted correctly.
    • From the Checkpoint Properties window, ensure Constant is enabled and click on the note paper icon.
    • Check Regular Expression checkbox.
    • If QTP sees there are characters that can be misconstrued as a regular expression, it will ask you to treat it as a literal character. Generally, you will answer No.
    • Add the regular expression. For example, Figure 6-6 will use [A-Z a-z]+.
  • 17. Parameters
    • Objectives
    • Describe and use multiple parameter types.
    • Drive data in multiple iterations.
    • Analyze errors during iterations.
    • Parameterize a checkpoint.
  • 18. Input Parameters For Data driven Tests
    • Input Parameters For Data Driven Tests
    • A data-driven test is one that runs a set of user actions with multiple input values. Data driving allows one script to test application functionality with many sets of data.
    • Automated data driven testing frees you to perform more tests, thus increasing test coverage. Speed, repeatability, free resources to do other kinds of quality control.
  • 19. Input Parameter
    • Input Parameters allow you to replace a static, recorded value in a step with a dynamic placeholder (parameter), which represents an expandable range of values.
    • Input parameter names and their values are located in QuickTest’s Data Table.
    • Input parameter values are input into the application from some outside data source.
  • 20. Steps to Create An Input Parameter
    • To create an input data table parameter:
    • Select the step in the Keyword View that contains the recorded input value.
    • From the Value column, click on the current value.
    • Click on the parameterize button.
    • The Constant value appears in the Value Configuration Options dialog box.
  • 21. Set the Parameter Value
    • In the VALUE CONFIGURATION OPTIONS dialog, select the Parameter radio button and ensure that Data Table is selected from the drop-down list.
    • From the Name drop down list, enter a unique column name to create a new column in your data table or choose an existing column name from the data table.
    • Use the default Global data sheet to store values.
    • Enter the values that QTP will input after the test executes.
  • 22. Supply Data to the Parameter
    • The design-time table is the central location for storing input parameter values.
    • The number of rows in the data table will cause the same number of test execution iterations to be run.
    • As a default, the design-time data table is displayed at the bottom of the QuickTest screen.
    • If you want to show or hide the data sheet, click on the icon in the toolbar.
  • 23. Verify The Test Run
    • View the Test Results window to verify that each of the rows from the Design Time Data Table was used during the test run.
    • Expand the tree for each iteration (Row#) to view specific information about the execution of the specific row.
  • 24. Parameterize a Checkpoint
    • You can use parameterized expected values to make your checkpoints dynamic. They Can be set on:
    • An object property in the Object Repository.
    • A checkpoint on a parameterized field.
  • 25. A Test with Multiple Actions
    • Actions can be divided into logical sections, like the main sections of a transaction, or by specific business processes.
    • When you create a new test, it contains one action. By dividing your tests into multiple actions, you can design more modular and efficient tests.
  • 26. Types of Actions
    • There are two kinds of actions:
    • Regular (Non-reusable)
    • Reusable
    • Tests that contain reusable actions can be used:
    • Locally
    • Externally
  • 27. Insert Call to a New Action
    • You can add a new action during or after recording.
    • Select Insert ? New Action from the QuickTest main menu. The Insert New Action window appears.
    • Or use the “lego” icon on the toolbar to insert new action.
  • 28. Using Parameterized Data
    • Test data can be passed from one test to another test using the value of an input parameter.
    • This creates a data flow between business processes.
    • The value passed from one business process to another will come from the Data Table.
    • Be aware of any data dependencies that occur within the business process.
  • 29. Copied, Existing or New Action
    • After reusable actions are created, they can be called into a “Main Calling” test in three ways:
    • Call to New Action
    • Call to Copy of Action
    • Call to Existing Action
  • 30. Set Actions as Reusable
    • Create a reusable action from the Action properties dialog.
    • Check the checkbox and click OK. A message will appear stating a description of a reusable
    • action.
  • 31. Call An Action
    • You can do number of things with a reusable action, such as:
    • Call it multiple times within a test.
    • Call it from other tests.
    • View the components of the action tree (you cannot modify them except in the original script)
    • Insert a call to an external action (the action is inserted in read-only format)
    • as local editable copy
    • use the (read only) data from the original
    • action
    • Insert copies of non-reusable actions into your test, but you cannot insert calls to non-reusable actions.
  • 32. Recovery Scenarios
    • To instruct Quick test to recover from unexpected events and errors that occur in the testing environment during the run session.
    • A Recovery scenario consists of
    • a) Trigger Event
    • b) Recovery Operation
    • c) Post Recovery Run Option
  • 33. Recovery Scenario Wizard
    • We can create the recovery scenario using recovery scenario wizard.
    • Recovery scenario wizard consists of
    • a) Define the trigger event that interrupts the run session
    • b) Specifying the recovery operations required to continue
    • c) Choosing a post recovery test run operation
    • d) Specifying a name and description for the recovery scenario
    • e) Specifying whether to associate the recovery scenario to the current test and / or to all new tests.
  • 34. Recovery Scenario Wizard
  • 35. Creating Tests without Object Repository
    • We can use programmatic descriptions to perform an operation on an object that is not stored in the Object Repository.
    • Types of Programmatic descriptions
    • a) We can list the set of properties and values that describe the object directly in a test statement.
    • e.g: Dialog(“name:=Login”).WinEdit(“attachedtext:=agentname”).Set”impetus”
    • b) We can add a collection of properties and values to a description object and then enter the description object in the statement.
    • Set myobject=Description.Create()
    • myobject(“attachedtext”).value:=“agentname”
    • myobject(“html tag”).value:=“a”
    • Dialog(“name:=Login”).WinEdit (myobject).Set”impetus”
  • 36.
    • Interact with Test Objects not stored in the Object Repository
      • You can also instruct QT to perform methods on objects without referring to the object repository without referring to the object’s logical name. To do this you provide QT with a list of properties and values that QT can use to identify the object or objects on which you want to perform a method
    Enhance TestCases With Descriptive Programming
  • 37.
    • You can describe an object directly in a test statement by specifying property : = value pairs describing the object instead of specifying an object’s logical name.
    • Syntax:-
    • TestObject(“PropertyName1:=PropertyValue”, “…”, “PropertyNameX:=PropertyValueX”)
    • Where “Test Object” is test object class
    Enter Programmatic Descriptions Directly into Test Statements
  • 38.
    • PropertyName is PropertyValue
    • i.e. the test object property and its value . Each property:= value pair should be separated by commas and quotation marks.
    • For Example: Window(“Text:=Myfile.txt-Notepad”).Move 50,50
    • If you want to use the same programmatic description several times in one test, you may want to assign the object you create to a variable.
    • For Ex:- Set MyWin := Window(“Text:=Myfile.txt-Notepad”)
    • MyWin.Move 50,50
    Contd….
  • 39.
    • Once we have filled the Properties collection with a set of Property objects (properties and values), you
    • Can specify the Properties object in place of a logical name in a test statement.
    • For Ex:- (Instead of Entering)
    • Window(“Error”).WInbutton(“text:=OK”, “width:=50”).click
    • IF Entered…
    • Set MyDescription= Description.Create()
    • MyDescription(“text”).Value=“OK”
    • MyDescription(“width”).Value=50
    • Window(“Error”).WinButton(MyDescription).Click
    Contd….