You will be aware that different groups of people have different groups of people have different opinions about the future of Antarctica
You should be able to name specific groups with differing opinions
You may be able to explain why their opinions differ
Waste disposal expert
There are plenty of fish in the ocean, enough for everyone
The world’s population is rising, krill may be the answer to global food shortage
No one owns these waters, they belong to everyone
Fishing has taken place for hundreds of years
We depend upon fishing to make our livelihood
We will agree to fishing quotas, like everyone does
There are huge reserves of coal, oil and precious metals.
They will serve the worlds needs
As non-renewable resources run out we need to find other sources
Its greatest value might be the information it can provide about our planet
It’s the best location to monitor the Ozone Hole
The ice can be tested to show past levels of global pollution
People should be allowed to see the area, as the world belongs to us.
Environmentally friendly tourism provides money for conservation projects
Internationally agreed guidelines reduce the effects that tourist have e.g. tourists have to take their rubbish with them.
WASTE DISPOSAL EXPERT
As the world produces more nuclear waste, Antarctica could provide somewhere to store it.
Because no one lives there it would be an ideal place to test new weapons & nuclear bombs
WORLD WILDLIFE FUND (WWF) SUPPORTER
Fishermen do not stick to quotas. 70,000 tonnes of illegal catches are made each year.
Cod can live for over 50 years and it takes 10 years to start reproducing. If younger fish are caught the numbers will fall.
Over 140,000 seabirds are killed each year. Long lines baited with up to 20,000 hooks are trailed of the backs of boats. If the birds take the hooks in their mouths, they are pulled under the water and drowned.
Removing waste is very difficult and costly and so people wouldn’t do it unless they were forced to.
48 research centers house over 4,000 people in the summer are too many already.
In the past, scientists just dumped their poisonous and radioactive waste, pumped millions of liters of raw sewage into the ocean and burnt their rubbish.
The Southern Ocean is now a whale sanctuary
Although whaling was banned in 1986 numbers remained very low and whales may become extinct
Tourism in Antarctica is growing faster than anywhere else in the world
Over 11,200 visitors came ashore in 1998 alone
Tour operators are out to make as big a profit as possible, not to save the environment
Their guidelines are not law
Tourist flights disturb the nesting birds
Mineral exploration has caused oil spells
The environment has been scarred, soil has been removed and dynamite has been used
In 1989 a transport ship sank and leaked 170,000 gallons of oil.
In small groups, discuss the points made on each card relating to an interest group
Can you think of another piece of information that might influence their view on whether Antarctica should be developed
Decide if, overall, they would be infavour or against development in Anatctica.
Yes, No, Some (specify what), It depends (specify why) are all acceptable responses. You MUST be clear about the reasons for your views.
Write 150-200 word essay on your opinions about whether Antarctica should be developed or not.
HINT: Could be ‘It must not be developed because….
or ‘some types of development should be allowed. They might include….