A new look of industrialization on Earth- Industrial Ecology and the role of Biotechnology
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A new look of industrialization on Earth- Industrial Ecology and the role of Biotechnology



this is a different kind of presentation where i am trying to define a term "Industrial GAIA'. The idea is came from the GAIA hypothesis (Prof. James Lovelock). ...

this is a different kind of presentation where i am trying to define a term "Industrial GAIA'. The idea is came from the GAIA hypothesis (Prof. James Lovelock).
I hope it will add some knowledge to your interest in industrial sustainability.



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    A new look of industrialization on Earth- Industrial Ecology and the role of Biotechnology A new look of industrialization on Earth- Industrial Ecology and the role of Biotechnology Presentation Transcript

    • A New look of Industrialization on EarthIndustrial EcologyBiotechnology By -Vinars Dawane M.Phil 1st Sem School of Environment and Sustainable Development
    • BecauseSociety is facing immense challenges arising from pressureon the environment and the natural resources such asclimate change, chemical risks and resource constraints onland, materials and energy. The complexities of these issuesincluding technology development, social change, economicgrowth and environmental policy have created an increasingdemand for understanding, implementation of sustainabletechnical solutions in industries.
    • Industrial Ecology : Term coined by – Robert A. Frosch and Nicholas E. Gallopoulus (1989). Definition – According to Frosch (1992)-“A system who maximize the economical use ofwaste materials and of products at the ends oftheir lives as Inputs to other processes andIndustries.”
    • - Industrial Ecology looks to the natural world for a model ofwhat a more sustainable future may look like.- It is a label under which many linkages between production andconsumption processes are grouped (Baas & Boons, 2004).- Central principle – The view that societal and technologicalsystems are bounded within biosphere, and do not exist outside ofit.
    • Biosphere Techno sphere• Environment • Market• Organism • Company• Natural Product • Industrial Product• Natural Selection • Competition• Ecosystem • Eco-Industrial Park• Ecological Niche • Market Niche• Anabolism / Catabolism • Manufacturing / Waste Management• Mutation and Selection • Design for Environment• Succession • Economic Growth• Adaptation • Innovation• Food Web • Product Life Cycle
    • Industrial Ecology ProjectMain objective should be – Improving relationships among companies. Improve economic development of the region. Preserve existing natural resources for generations to come.A novel IE project report may have three sections – Understanding back ground of Industrial Ecology. Description about of what an Eco – Industrial Park is..! How these concepts can be applied at that area.
    • Eco – Industrial Park It is physically a park view of project. Creation of Park – 1. On vacant sit (pre planned). 2. On existing Industrial site. Lowe(1997) outlines the steps to create an Eco-Industrial Park-1. Net work flow strategy.2. Identifying the synergies.3. Businesses matching up.4. Discussion about benefits of exchanges.5. Adjust network flow strategy as companies come and go.
    • Eco – Industrial Park In IndiaPlant Place aboutSeshasayee paper & TN Fine paperboard ltd.Textilesin Tirupur TN KnitwearAuroville’s industrial TN Green city projectzonesHosur eco- industrial Hosur Silk industryclusterNajangud Mysore 42 types of companiesSechasayee paper & Chhattisgarh Sugar, local paper.board/ sugar companyNaroda industrial estate Ahmedabad 31 types of companiesGujarat eco-textile park Surat textiles
    • Gujarat eco-textile park (GETP)The Gujarat Eco Textile Park is one of the first eco-textileparks in India with specific focus on environmental issues.
    • Park enable in reducing input costs & high quality.Common effluent treatment plant.Common solid waste management & disposal plan.Cheap power , captive power project.Common treated water supply system.GRP drains for effluents/ common labs.OTHERS – banks, ware house, common parking, gas stations,telecommunications.Locational advantages - Good connectivity. - Availability of labor and water. - Existing textile hub.
    • Practical creation of Eco- Industrial ParkData collection of distributed companies by surveys(strictlyconfidential).
    • The major characteristics for a successful eco- industrial park creation-Material, Water and Energy flows analysis.Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).Companies within close proximity.Strong information ties between plant managers.Minor retrofitting of existing infrastructure.
    • Role of Biotechnology
    • Case study on how companies in a wide range have used biotechnology - Fine ChemicalsIndustry Product Technology Benefit s of biotechBiochemie Antibiotic Enzyme - 100 times less solvent to(Germany) modification be incinerated. - Reduce Potential environmental impact . - Reduce chemical steps of preparation.Hoffman La Roche Vitamin B2 Metabolic - Reduce 75% non(Germany) engineering renewable raw material use. - Reduce 50% operating costDSM (Netherland) Antibiotic Metabolic - Reduce 3 -7 fold waste engineering production. - Reduce production cost.
    • Fiber processing –Industry Technology Benefits of BiotechWindel (Netherlands) Enzymatic process - Reduce temperature of product making process. - 9-14% energy saving. - 9% cost saving.Domtar (Canada) Enzymatic process - Reduce 10-15% need of xylasase – a brightening chemicals. agentLogen Genetic engineering - Cost effective production - Improve enzymatic activity. This is very significant in the competitive industry because margins are generally quite small.
    • Conclusion- The development of EIPs can create good jobs, strongcompanies, sustainable communities, and improved regionalenvironments.- Main problem is market competition and economical issues.- IE implementation is more easy for pre-planed projects.- Today the Role of biotechnology in very essential for eco-industrial parks creation as well as for achieving EIA standards.- Existing industrial modification needs technological support.- How to work together to use resources more wisely.
    • In the search of better lifeIndustrial GaiaEarth is a “super organism”.It is alive.Like one single organism.
    • GAIA - “ Gaia is a complex entity involving the Earth’s biosphere, atmosphere, oceans, and soil; the totality constituting a feedback of cybernetic system which seeks and optimal physical and chemical environment for life on this planet”. Industrial GAIA -“The range of living Industries on the Earth’s techno-sphere, whichare interlinked with each other by their material and energy flowcould be regarded as constituting a single living entity capable ofmaintaining a homeostasis of consumed and produced thingsbetween them..”
    • The FutureThere are some trends that are predictable about the future:concern for the environment will grow; resources will becomemore scarce and less reliable; demands for quality and costcompetitiveness will increase. These challenges can beovercome with a new paradigm of industrial organization thatasks each community, each company, and each employee howthey work together to use resources more wisely. Thedevelopment of EIPs can create good jobs, strong companies,sustainable communities, and improved regional environments.
    • Thank you ……….