West coast african countries finished


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West coast african countries finished

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  3. 3. West Coast Countries of Africa Created by: Mr. Raponi
  4. 5. Coastal Countries <ul><li>West Africa includes </li></ul><ul><li>______ coastal Countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Most countries spread along west Africa’s Atlantic bend, north of the </li></ul><ul><li>_______________. </li></ul><ul><li>They begin with </li></ul><ul><li>______________ in the west and continue along the coast to Benin. </li></ul>11 Equator Senegal
  5. 6. The Land <ul><li>Coastal Lowlands sweep along the Atlantic shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Sandy beaches, rain forests, and </li></ul><ul><li>________________ swamps cover most of the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Several major rivers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Senegal, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>________________, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_________________, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Niger flow from the highlands to the lower coast. </li></ul></ul>Mangrove Gambia Volta
  6. 7. Illustration of a Mangrove Swamp
  7. 9. Economy <ul><li>Due to the wet climate, most people in Coastal West Africa are </li></ul><ul><li>________________. </li></ul><ul><li>On small plots of land, farmers are able to grow yams, corn, and rice. </li></ul><ul><li>On large plantations, farmers are able to grow bananas, coffee, rubber, cacao, and kola. </li></ul>Farmers Raponi Cola
  8. 10. Kola Nuts that at one time were the main ingredient in making many sodas. Has high caffeine amounts
  9. 11. History <ul><li>From the late 1400s until the early 1800s, </li></ul><ul><li>__________________ set up trading posts along the West African coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, they traded with Africans for gold, ivory, and other goods that people in Europe wanted. </li></ul><ul><li>They also traded enslaved Africans. The traders shipped millions of people to the American colonies. </li></ul>Europeans
  10. 12. History <ul><li>At a time when the climate was favorable, three great African empires arose in the 300s to the 1500s. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These empires controlled the gold, salt, and other resources of west Africa </li></ul>Ghana Mali Songhai
  11. 13. Toward Freedom <ul><li>The British, French, and Portuguese set up colonies </li></ul><ul><li>in _______________ West Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>After several ____________ of European rule, the people of Western Africa began to demand independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1957, ____________ became the first country in West Africa to become independent. </li></ul>Coastal Decades Ghana
  12. 14. The Culture of Ghana
  13. 15. Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde <ul><li>Guinea-Bissau lies between Senegal and Guinea. </li></ul><ul><li>Cape Verde is located about </li></ul><ul><li>__________ miles offshore in the Atlantic Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>The two were </li></ul><ul><li>____________________ colonies until the won their independence in </li></ul><ul><li>_____________. </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese influences are widespread in the language and cultures of both countries. </li></ul>375 Portuguese 1975
  14. 16. Liberia and Sierra Leone <ul><li>_______________ is the only West African country that was never a European colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Africans freed from slavery </li></ul><ul><li>founded it in _______________. </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone was established as a home for people freed from enslavement. </li></ul><ul><li>Sierra Leone was ruled by </li></ul><ul><li>________________ from 1787 to 1961 when it became independent. </li></ul>Liberia 1792 Britain
  15. 17. Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana <ul><li>Cote d’Ivoire was a </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ colony until winning its independence in 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, they cultivate coffee, cacao, and lumber. </li></ul><ul><li>Ghana’s people belong to </li></ul><ul><li>about _________ different ethnic groups. </li></ul><ul><li>The _________________ and </li></ul><ul><li>the _______________ are the two largest ethnic groups. </li></ul>French 100 Ashanti Fante
  16. 18. Culture of the Ashanti Tribe
  17. 19. Ticket To Leave List three things that you have learned, and write at least one question that you have about the topic