Brazil is very large, theLand of Brazil __________________ largest country in the world and is the largest country in South America. As a matter of fact, Brazil makes up almost _____________ of the continent of South America. Due to its size, Brazil has many different types of landforms and climates.
A Mighty River The ___________________ is the world’s second longest river, winding for 4,000 miles! While it is not the longest, it is the ___________________ river in the world. The river ranges in width from 1 mile wide, up to 30 miles wide at certain times of the year and contains ______________ of the world’s fresh water!
On its journey from theMore River ____________________ mountains in the west to where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Amazon drains from a flat __________________, a low area surrounded by higher land. In the Amazon Basin, rainfall can be up to 120” per year and help to support thick rainforests that the Brazilians call the __________________.
Agriculture, mining, andEconomy of forests have been important Brazil for centuries. ___________________ dig for minerals such as bauxite, tin, and iron ore. ____________________ companies harvest mahogany and other woods from rainforests. Farmers use cleared lands to grow soybeans, tobacco, as well as raising cattle.
Economic Brazil’s economy has brought wealth to manyChallenges Brazilians. However, as many as 20% of Brazil’s people live in extreme _________________. Many Brazilians live in ___________________, very poor slum areas. The people live in small shacks with neither running water or sewage systems.
Favela in Rio de Janeiro
Population With close to _________ million people, Brazil has the largest population of all of the Latin American nations, and is the fifth most populated country in the world. Brazil’s culture is largely ________________________ as Brazil was a __________________, overseas territory, of the country for hundreds of years. Almost all of the people speak a _________________, local form of a language, of Portuguese.
Native Americans were the firstInfluences of people to live in Brazil. In the 1500s, the Portuguese History forced Native Americans to work on _______________________, large farms that grow crops for money. Early Portuguese began bringing people from Africa to work as slaves and this continued for three centuries until slavery was banned in _____________. Many Africans remained in Brazil and contributed many aspects of today’s Brazilian culture!
Brazil’s major cities are locatedCities in the South. The two most populated cities are _________________, with 18.5 million people. The second largest city, ________________________, used to be the capital of the country. In 1960, Brazil moved its capital 600 miles inland to the newly built and current capital, ________________________.
Brazil declaredIndependence independence from Portugal in _____________. After being ruled by emperors and dictators, Brazil then became a ______________________. They take voting very seriously in Brazil, people from the ages of 18-70 are required to vote. Brazil is broken down into 26 state governments.
Brazil is famous forCulture __________________, a festival celebrated just before the beginning of Lent, the Christian holy season that comes before __________________. The most spectacular carnival is held each year in Rio de Janeiro and includes music, parties, and parades.