Key Country A Country F Country C Country G Country B
What geographic term would you use to describe Country B?
What geographic term would best describe Country F?
What geographic term would best describe Country H?
Why do you think that Countries E and D are the least populated?
What special type of farming do you think would be necessary in Country G?
What should the people who live in the Southeastern part of Country C be worried about?
Country H Country E Country D =Desert =Mountains =Lake = Undersea Earthquake = Tom Brady Statue
Antarctica Created by Mr. Raponi
Antarctica in the Past
Antarctica sits at the
_____________________ end of the earth.
It is a land of icy ocean waters, frozen landscaped, and frigid temperatures.
This however, has not always been the case.
______________________ discoveries suggests that this land was at one time a rich, green land covered with forests and animals.
It is thought that it was much
like __________________________ is today.
Southern Australia Fossil
Today, a huge
____________________ buries nearly 98% of Antarctica’s land.
In some spots, the ice can be more than 2 MILES thick!
The ice is heavy and strong and in some areas, huge cracks in the ice called
______________________ that are more than 100 feet deep.
Ice Cap Crevasses
Research That is like driving from the Higgins Middle School all the way to Peabody High School COMPLETELY THROUGH THE ICE!!! Two Miles of Ice!!!!!!!
This Dude is My Hero
Lots of Ice
At the Antarctic Coast, the ice will sometimes spread past the land and onto the ocean, this is known as an
Huge chunks of ice will sometimes break off from the area and create large free floating masses called
Frozen inside of Antarctica is
_____________ of the world’s freshwater. If all of the ice there melted, the earth’s oceans would rise up more than 200 feet!
Ice Shelf Icebergs 70%
An Iceberg Off of the Coast of Antarctica
Land of Antarctica
If you were to get rid of all of the ice that sits on top of Antarctica, you would find many landforms there.
A long mountain range called the
___________________ crosses the continent. The highest peak on that range is called
__________________, and it stands 16,067 feet tall.
Vinson Massif Yeah, Who’s The Man! Transantarctic Mountain
A Part of The Transantarctic Mtns.
More Land of Antarctica
The Transantarctic mountains sweep along the Antarctic Peninsula which come within
____________ miles of South America’s
On a large island off the main coast of Antarctica called
____________________, you will find Antarctica’s most active volcano,
600 Cape Horn Mt. Erebus Ross Island Not Me!
Climate of Antarctica
Inland Antarctica receives no rain and hardly any new snow each year.
In fact, Antarctica receives so little precipitation, that it can be considered the world’s largest, coldest
In the summers in Antarctica, the temperature ranges from -35°F up to a maximum of around 32°F.
Winter temperatures are even worse, the average range of winter temps are from –40°F to –100°F.
Animals of Antarctica
Antarctica has a harsh environment but it is capable of supporting some life.
Most of the plants and animals that live here are small.
The largest inland animal is an insect that reaches only 1/10 th of an inch in size.
Penguins, fish, whales, live in the surrounding waters, many penguins come out of the water at different points of the year for breeding.
People in Antarctica
The permanent population of Antarctica is
However, people do go to Antarctica for scientific research, mainly in the summer.
It is estimated that over 10,000 scientists go to study the plants, animals, and surroundings of the area.
This Dude Looks Cold
Science in Antarctica
_____________________ is a document signed by many nations saying that the land will only be used for peaceful, scientific research. There is to be no mining for any reason, that includes gold, oil, etc.
Much of the scientific research
focuses on _________________, which is a type of oxygen that forms a layer in the atmosphere that helps to prevent much of the sun’s harmful rays from entering,
In the 1980s, scientists found a “hole” in this ozone, and are now trying to figure out how to stop it from growing.
Villa Las Estrellas
In Antarctica there is a village known as Villa Las Estrellas, or Village of the Stars.
Located in Chile’s Antarctic Territory, the “town” has a school, hospital, supermarket, post office, bank, telephones, television, and Internet service.
Many people go and live there for less than two years at a time.
Sports In Antarctica
Many countries have military or scientific bases close to the village.
Every Wednesday afternoon, the different bases send soccer teams to the Chilean gymnasium for a game of indoor soccer.
Once a year the countries hold a small “Winter Olympics” for soccer, volleyball, basketball, etc.