Image of township - regarding streets and public

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Image of township - regarding streets and public

  1. 1. Image of township considering streets and open space It is the streets, plazas, squares, parks, and other urban public spaces that have the potential to be “THE STAGE UPON WHICH THE DRAMA OF COMMUNAL LIFE UNFOLDS”
  2. 2. AIM: The task is to understand the street patterns and open space (familiar space) in township, analyzing them in existing townships to know what it creates . OBJECTIVE: •The objective is to understand the social aspects of open space and street patterns. •Is to understand the function of open space and street patterns. •To study the hierarchy of streets and open space. • The objective is to study the human behavior in social public space ,which connects the humanity and the built environment. •The objective is to develop a well-designed transportation system and open space environment to efficiently circulate people, goods and building the environment, while maintaining a high level of safety. •To analyze the image (physical, social, individual) of open space and street patterns in township.
  3. 3. STUDY Stage 1 Stage 3 stage4 Stage 2 Analysis Live study Quantitative Analysis and survey
  4. 4. Streets Streets constitute a significant part of open public space functional, social, and leisure needs of people which contributes to the economic growth, physical health of people, and a sense of community. advantage of neighbourhood commercial streets - support social interaction. - distinctive character and ambience, - pedestrian-friendly. street is a social space rather than just a channel for movement
  5. 5. Lively Streets as full of life and energy, animated, exciting, full of activity and stimulating, and even bright and colourful, bouncy, or springy, a lively street is defined as a street with the presence of a number of people engaged in a variety of predominantly stationary and sustained activities, particularly those activities that are social in nature. “physically active” communities. Liveliness – with people and activities be attributed to the presence and interaction of people. Variations in activities result in perceived liveliness of a street. people walking through it: a dynamic activity. static or stationary activity.
  6. 6. Quality of street Streets as Primary Urban Public Space Think of a city and what comes to mind? Its streets. If a city’s streets look interesting, the city looks interesting; if they look dull, the city looks dull consumer culture and the need for active and passive engagement and interaction, relaxation, and leisure also supports the concept of public life . Neighbourhood Commercial Streets important characteristics that people look for – the liveliness and diversity of the predominantly core areas. by mixing various land uses we can achieve a more vital, vibrant, attractive, safe, viable, and sustainable pattern of urban lifestyle
  7. 7. Streets as Social Space: the street is a social space rather than a channel for movement the primary activity of acquiring goods and services, people go shopping to meet and spend time with their friends, to look around and people-watch, and to walk around through repeated short-term contacts people grow to trust their fellow city dwellers who may otherwise be total strangers social affiliation and interaction, sensory stimulation, and other leisurely activities among important and basic motives for shopping behaviour the street, as a social space, can play multiple roles and offer social contact and interaction, social awareness and learning, and social cohesion.
  8. 8. Human Behaviour as a Basis for Design According to human need the behaviour changes Human Needs: A Sense of Comfort and Pleasure on the Street physiological needs, safety, belonging, esteem, self-actualization, and cognitive and aesthetic needs in the built environment shelter and security, social contact, symbolic identification, task instrumentality, pleasure, and growth it is argued that if the built environment can house and support desired activities, human patterns of interaction, and human patterns of movement, it can satisfy most of the range of human needs
  9. 9. Sense of Safety on the Street sense of real and perceived safety is affected by the characteristics of the environment Basic components of surveillance people perceived streets to be safer where there were trees, and the grass was maintained . A presence of stores and other nonresidential properties Sense of Belonging: Community Places It is suggested that associations with people, places, and events contributes to a sense of familiarity and belonging to the community
  10. 10. Human behaviour – social activities Social activities included talking, eating or drinking, walking pets, window-shopping, playing a game, and performing or watching a performance on the street with one or more companions Liveliness Index A measure of the combination of: 1) the number of people engaged in stationary activities; 2) the number of people in groups of two or more engaged in some stationary social activity and; 3) their duration of stay. Duration of Stay Walk-by observations shows concentrations of people along many block segments
  11. 11. Location of Activities and Use of Physical Elements Zones of Activity The second zone was primarily for pedestrian movement The third zone was used to perform the majority of the stationary and social activities observed on the street, such as sitting, people-watching The first zone was along the edges of buildings and was essentially used for entering and exiting, window-shopping
  12. 12. Street quality CLASSIFICATION OF STREETS AS BASED ON FUNCTION Freeways Principal Arterial Streets Minor Arterial Streets Collector Streets Local Streets
  13. 13. http://www.teachingheritage.nsw.edu.au/1views/w1v_johnston.html Lively streets ref: Ref : drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/4165/1/umi-umd-3962.pdf jpe.sagepub.com/content/27/2/165.refs
  14. 14. Open space that is accessible to the public on a constant and regular basis, including for designated daily periods, is defined as "public" Landscaped medians with seating; Gardens, if publicly accessible , public plazas Open space Front and rear yards; public private Open space that is not publicly accessible or is available only to limited users and is not available to the public on a regular or constant basis is defined as “private.” Yards or rooftop recreational facilities used by community facilities, such as public and private educational institutions, www.griffith.edu.au/urp
  15. 15. Hierarchy of open spaces
  16. 16. Open space that is used for sports, exercise, or active play is classified as "active open space," Open space that is used for relaxation, such as sitting or strolling, is classified as "passive," includes seating, lawns, gardens. In the physical dimension, public space is “all the parts of the urban fabric to which the public has physical and visual access. Thus, it extends from the street, park, square of a town or city into the buildings which enclose and line them” important to generate, enhance, and sustain a sense of community, to develop a list of social functions served in public spaces good urban public space is required for the social and psychological health of modern communities
  17. 17. Meaningful urban public space has the ability to support, facilitate, and promote public life, active and passive social contact in open public space such as streets provides the setting for the “learning of cosmopolitanism” “that public space is an essential arena which provides opportunities for individuals and communities to develop and enrich their lives” four roles for public space: i) as an arena for public life; ii) as a meeting place for different social groups; iii) as a space for the display of symbols and images in society; iv) as a part of the communication system between urban activities urban public space should provide easy and safe access for all, facilitates a variety of activities, fosters self-esteem and sense of belonging, increases awareness and interest in the environment, and provides enjoyment and social contact.
  18. 18. CLASSIFICATION OF OPEN SPACE •Unit level open space •Cluster level open space •Neighborhood level open space Nature - beach, river front Artifact- sculptures System - microclimate modification Wealth- commercial streets, tourism Habitat- plants, animals, birds and also human use this as their habitat.
  19. 19. How to perceive a space ? IMAGE OF A CITY – Kevin lynch "image" the city — that is, how they create and remember mental images of the large-scale environments in which they live. “The Image of the Environment”. – MENTAL MAPS workable image of each part. Each of these images will comprise; 1. our recognition of its “individuality or oneness” within the city as a whole, 2. our recognition of its spatial or pattern relationships to other parts of the city, 3. its practical meaning for each of us (both practical and emotional)
  20. 20. 1. THE IMAGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT 1.1 EXPERIENCES IN REALTION WITH SURROUNDINGS Nothing is experienced in itself, but always in relation to its surroundings, the sequences of events leading to it, the memory of past experiences.
  21. 21. LEGEBILITY Legibility is a term used to describe the ease with which people can understand the layout of a place. How Physical qualities make a place more understandable
  22. 22. BUILDING THE IMAGE » IMAGEABALITY Imageability, the quality in a physical object which gives it a high probability of evoking a strong image in any given observer. The environment suggests distinctions and relations and the observer – with great adaptability and in the light of his own purposes Thus the image of a given reality may vary significantly between different observers. Though each individual creates his own image – there is a substantial agreement among members of the same group. – psychology
  23. 23. CITY IMAGE ELEMENTS – PATHS, EDGES, DISTRICTS, NODES, LANDMARKS Paths : are the channels, They may be streets, walkways, transit lines, canals, railroads .. -Concentration of activity -Characteristic spatial qualities -Proximity to strong elements – identity -Visual exposure of and from the path -strong directional quality -destination and origin points on paths gives a better sense of bearings
  24. 24. DISTRICTS which the observer mentally enters ‘inside of,’ and which are recognizable as having some common identifying character" areas with perceived internal Thematic continuity expressed in form of texture, space, form, detail etc is very essential Strong boundaries enhance the Imageability of a district Ex: midtown, its in-town residential areas, organized industrial areas, train yards, suburbs, college campuses
  25. 25. EDGES The termination of a district is its edge "are the linear elements not used or considered as paths by the observer. They are boundaries between two phases, linear breaks in continuity: shores, railroad cuts, edges of development, walls ... Visually prominent and impenetrable edges seem to be the strongest Continuity and visibility are crucial to Imageability of an edge Edges are often paths as well. edges have directional qualities Edges have a tendency to fragment an environment.
  26. 26. NODES They may be primary junctions, places of a break in transportation, a crossing or convergence of paths, moments of shift from one structure to another. A node is a center of activity. Actually it is a type of landmark but is distinguished from a landmark by virtue of its active function. Where a landmark is a distinct visual object, a node is a distinct hub of activity. Nodes that are essentially intersection of paths, possess high degree of Imageability. A strong physical form is not very essential for recognition of a node. A node which is unique by itself and also intensifies some surrounding characteristic, seems to be the most successful.
  27. 27. LANDMARKS "are another type of point-reference, but in this case the observer does not enter within them, they are external. They are usually a rather simply defined physical object: building, sign, store, or mountain". Some landmarks are very small (e.g. a tree within an urban square) and can only be seen close up. Landmarks seen from many angles and distances and used as radial references, symbolizing a constant direction Landmarks are an important element of urban form because they help people to orient themselves in the city and help identify an area. Visual landmarks can be reinforced by other sensations like smell, sound etc
  28. 28. interactive.usc.edu/blog-old/wp-content/.../08/Image_of_the_City.pdf
  29. 29. GORDON CULLEN: - Townscape How do we perceive a Place ?? •Possession - Occupied Territory, Possession in Movement – Viscosity •Focal Point •Vista – Grandiose vista and Screened vista Opportunities for natural surveillance
  30. 30. Aranya Housing, Indore
  31. 31. BHEL TOWNSHIP – live case study

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