Spalis2008

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Presented at SPALIS 2008, Trichi, India

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Spalis2008

  1. 1. <ul><li>Open Licenses and Content Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Vimal Kumar V. </li></ul><ul><li>Asst. Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Asian School of Business </li></ul><ul><li>Technopark </li></ul><ul><li>Trivandrum </li></ul>
  2. 3. Advantages of publishing in WWW <ul><li>Low cost </li></ul><ul><li>Fast publication </li></ul><ul><li>Easy distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia support </li></ul><ul><li>Easy update </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>More collaborative features </li></ul>
  3. 4. Drawbacks of Copyright Law <ul><li>Prevent to create something </li></ul><ul><li>new from original </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent to share the work </li></ul>
  4. 5. Libraries and Content distribution <ul><li>Fair use </li></ul><ul><li>Library privilege </li></ul>Threats Protection using technology (e.g. DRM) Not allowed to include in digital library
  5. 6. Open Content License <ul><li>Give users right to copy, distribute, modify, display and create derivative works. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures a work based on original work should get license under the terms and conditions of the open content license. </li></ul><ul><li>Include the provisions for both commercial and non commercial usage. </li></ul><ul><li>Strictly instructs the appropriate credit to be given to the author of the work. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures community participation in content development and distribution. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Content Creators <ul><li>Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Amateurs </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting companies </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development centers </li></ul>
  7. 8. New Content Outlets <ul><li>Open access journals </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul>
  8. 9. Open Content Development
  9. 12. Popular Open Content Initiatives Educational resources OpenLearn, MIT Open Courseware Web site templates OSWD.org Medical Literature PLoS (Public Library of Science) Clip arts Open Clip Art Library Image database Flickr Audio books Librivox Encyclopedia Wikipedia Content Type Project Name
  10. 18. History <ul><li>1984 GNU General Public License GNU </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Free Documentation License </li></ul><ul><li>1999 Open Publication License </li></ul><ul><li>2001 Creative Commons </li></ul>
  11. 19. Popular Open Content Licenses <ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) </li></ul><ul><li>Free Art License </li></ul><ul><li>Open Music License </li></ul><ul><li>Design Science License </li></ul><ul><li>Common Documentation License </li></ul>
  12. 20. Creative Commons <ul><li>Founded by Lawrence Lessig </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Non profit organization </li></ul><ul><li>Released several copyright licenses </li></ul>
  13. 21. Core Concepts <ul><li>b Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>N n NN Non Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>d No Derivatives </li></ul><ul><li>a Share Alike </li></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>B b AtA Attribution </li></ul><ul><li>b a Attribution Share alike </li></ul><ul><li>b d Attribution No Derivatives </li></ul><ul><li>b n Attribution Non Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>b n a Attribution Non Commercial Share alike </li></ul><ul><li>b n d Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives </li></ul>
  15. 23. Features of Creative Commons <ul><li>Simple License Generator </li></ul><ul><li>Support by search engines and archives </li></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul>
  16. 24. Business model for free content <ul><li>Distribution of content charging nominal cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Sell services </li></ul><ul><li>Free the content-Sell the platform </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements with open content </li></ul><ul><li>Sell the basic product, let users enhance it </li></ul>
  17. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>Needs better interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Work together to handle copyright management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Legal policy is currently not favorable for community created content services </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons licenses are the most popular open content license </li></ul><ul><li>Community created content can be the start of a new business. </li></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>Image Courtesy www.openclipart.org/ www.oreillynet.com Ben Lawson http://www.flickr.com/photos/ben_lawson/155595430/ <ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>1. Hietanen, Herkko. Community Created Content; Law, Business and Policy. Helsinki: Multiprint, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Liang, Lawrence. &quot;A Guide To Open Content Licences.&quot; December 2004. Piet Zwart Institute. </li></ul><ul><li>3. www.creativecommons.org </li></ul>

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