came from Asia
•Crossed the Bering
Strait during the Ice
•Following a food
Early Human Migrations
1st Migration, 38,000-1800 BCE
2nd Migration, c. 10,000-4,000 BCE
3rd Migration, c. 8,000-3,000 BCE
The first people to live in North
America came from Asia.
They crossed a land bridge called
Beringia, which used to connect
Asia to North America.
They came here to follow animals
to hunt, making them nomads.
After the Ice Age, this bridge
These people became the Native
Before Europeans arrived in North
America, Native peoples inhabited every
region. This map shows Native American
tribes, culture areas, and linguistic stocks.
Diversity of Native American Groups
The structures Native Americans
called home were extremely
varied and often exclusive to
"apartment" style dwellings were
the work of Natives of the
The Natchez chief, known
as "Great Sun," was a
powerful Indian leader.
Unlike some Indian
leaders, "Great Sun" ruled
as an absolute monarch.
"In the beginning, this
place was only darkness
and water until the time
when a woman fell from
the sky world." Thus starts
the Oneida creation story.
Every Native American
tribe has their own
history, culture, and art.
legend, Kokopelli was a little man
who traveled from village to
village with a flute and a sack of
corn. At night he would play his
flute among the fields, and the
people would awake to find the
crops taller than ever before.
The Anasazi built their
overhanging cliffs to
protect them from the
elements. Using blocks of
sandstone and a mud
mortar, the tribe crafted
some of the world's longest
One component of the
Anasazi community were the
kivas. These structures were
used for religious celebrations.
This kiva is from the Sand
Canyon Pueblo, Crow
Canyon, in the Mesa Verde
region and dates back to the
The Algonkian Tribes
Massasoit, sachem of the
Wampanoag tribe and father of
Metacomet, meets with settlers.
The Wampanoag helped the
settlers survive their first winter
by providing them with much
needed supplies. But as more and
more colonists arrived in New
England, their relationship began
This painting, by Tall Oak
of the Narragansett tribe,
depicts a scene from King
Philip's War which pitted
Metacomet against the
The Iroquois Tribes
The Masssachusetts Mohawk Trail
began as a Native American
trade, hunting, and social calling
by five tribes, including the
Pocumtuck and the Mohawk.
Mohawk Indian chief Joseph
spokesman for his people, a
Christian missionary of the
Anglican church, and a
during the Revolutionary
The Iroquoi Tribes, also
Haudenosuanee, are known
for many things. But they
are best known for their
longhouses. Each longhouse
•Used the land for economic needs
•Clearing the land, destroying hunting areas and fencing it off into private property
•Divided the land and selling it for monetary value.
•Relationship with environment as part of their religion
•Need to hunt for survival
•Ownership meant access to the things the land produced, not ownership of the land itself.
Why did European nations establish colonies in North
Direct Causes = 3 G’s
Become a world power through gaining wealth and land. (GLORY)
Search for new trade routes with direct access to Asian/African luxury
goods would enrich individuals and their nations (GOLD)
spread Christianity and weaken Middle Eastern Muslims. (GOD)
The 3 motives reinforce each other
English settlers came to work for private companies, thanks to the English Crown.
Virginia Company of London, founded Virginia in 1607.
The colonists were the landless, unemployed, and those who wanted religious fredoom.
Were the most famous of settlers.
They set sail on the mayflower (ship) and landed at cape cod in New Ingland.
The colonists fail in recognize the existing civilizations of America, and they called the natives as
They were thankfull for the land, and they prayed to god because they could they were scared
for the ocean.
They did not have places to stay, no friends, no inns, no wáter to refresh their bodies.
The “barbarians”, helped them, they gave them some water to refresh, but they were ready to
The Winter in that place was really strong, too cold and cruel, full of storms.
This land were desolated and there were a lot of wild animals and men.
BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773.
The Boston Tea Party (initially referred to
by John Adams "the Destruction of the
Tea in Boston"]) was a political protest by
the Sons of Liberty in Boston, on
December 16, 1773. Disguised as
American Indians, the demonstrators
destroyed an entire shipment of
tea, which had been sent by the East India
Company, in defiance of the Tea Act of
May 10, 1773. They boarded the ships
and threw the chests of tea into Boston
Harbor, ruining the tea. The British
government responded harshly and the
episode escalated into the American
1774 Intolerable Acts
May to June Four measures which stripped
Massachusetts of self-government
and judicial independence
following the Boston Tea Party. The
colonies responded with a general
boycott of British goods.
1774 Continental Congress
September Colonial delegates meet to
organise opposition to the