Accreditation in health


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Accreditation in health

  1. 1. ACCREDITATION IN HEALTH Source: Accreditation in health is a voluntary and periodic process of internal self- assessment and external review of processes and results that ensure and improve the quality of care of the client in a healthcare organization, through a series of optimal and achievable standards to achieve previously known by assessed institutions. It is carried out by qualified and trained for this purpose, and its result is endorsed by the entity of accreditation approved for this function (Decree 1011 - resolution 1445 of 2006). Accreditation in health is a methodology of external evaluation, established and recognized for almost 50 years in North America, specifically designed for the health sector, carried out usually by a non-governmental organization that ensures the delivery of safe health services and high quality. It is based on requirements of health care processes, results-oriented and develops by health professionals who are proven pairs or counterparts of entities that wish to be credited and staff of public recognition at the national and international level with effects of improvement of quality. This assessment corresponds to a voluntary process in which publicly acknowledged a lender healthcare institution, (IPS), entity promoter of services of health of the contributory regime and subsidized scheme (EPS), entity of prepaid medicine (EMP) or entity adapted territorial entities of health (ETS), the implementation of higher standards of quality, subject to compliance with the minimum requirements determined by the single system of enabling. Accreditation standards are designed to promote the continuous improvement of the quality and hence are adjusted every four years. Healthcare organizations that wish to maintain its accreditation certificate, also must renew it every four years. The single system of accreditation, as well as encourage management practices, aims to strengthen the competitiveness of health organizations and provide information clearly to users, so that they can make decisions based on the results of accreditation and freely decide if they should be kept or moved to other entities of the system that also are accredited.
  2. 2. COLOMBIAN LEGAL FRAMEWORK Law 100 of 1993, articles 186 and 227 provides for the establishment of a system of guarantee of quality and accreditation in health. In order to improve the quality in the provision of health services in aspects of accessibility, opportunity, safety, relevance and continuity, the Ministry of health regulated the compulsory system of guarantee of quality of health care. The measure is contained in the Decree on October 15, 2002-2309. The unique system of accreditation is a component of the quality assurance system, which is available to the providers of health services, EPS, ARS and prepaid medical companies who voluntarily wish to demonstrate compliance with high quality standards, i.e., above the minimum conditions which establishes the single system of enabling. The standards to be applied evaluated processes such as respect for the rights of patients, access to the service, clinical care, and administrative and managerial support in providing health services and institutions that wish to participate in the accreditation process. These provisions are regulated in resolution 1474 and its technical annex. The Ministry of Social protection, through resolution 003557 of 19 November 2003, won the contest of merits MPS-03-2003 that designates to the Colombian Institute of technical standards and certification,ICONTEC, as accrediting entity for the single system of accreditation (SUA).